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  1. The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania and Southern Africa. The most widely spoken Germanic language, English, is also the world's most widely spoken language with an estimated 2 billion speakers.

  2. The East Germanic languages are now extinct, and Gothic is the only language in this branch which survives in written texts. The West Germanic languages, however, have undergone extensive dialectal subdivision and are now represented in modern languages such as English, German, Dutch, Yiddish, Afrikaans, and others.

  3. The Germanic languages include some 58 languages and dialects that originated in Europe; this language family is a part of the Indo-European language family. Each subfamily in this list contains subgroups and individual languages. The standard division of Germanic is into three branches, East Germanic languages North Germanic languages West Germanic languages They all descend from Proto-Germanic, and ultimately from Proto-Indo-European. South Germanic languages, an attempt to classify some of th

  4. Countries or regions where (a) Germanic language (s) is/are (an) unofficial but recognised/used in some areas of life/spoken among a local minority. The Germanic languages are a branch of Indo-European languages. They came from one language, Proto-Germanic, which was first spoken in Scandinavia in the Iron Age.

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    The West Germanic languages constitute the largest of the three branches of the Germanic family of languages. English is by far the most-spoken West Germanic language, with more than 1 billion speakers worldwide. Within Europe, the three most prevalent West Germanic languages are English, German, and Dutch. The language family also includes Afrikaans, Yiddish, Luxembourgish, Frisian and Scots. Additionally, several creoles, patois, and pidgins are based on Dutch, English, and German, as they wer

    The Germanic languages are traditionally divided into three groups: West, East and North Germanic. Their exact relation is difficult to determine from the sparse evidence of runic inscriptions, so that some individual varieties are difficult to classify. Although some scholars cl

    Most scholars doubt that there was a Proto-West-Germanic proto-language common to the West Germanic languages and no others, but a few maintain that Proto-West-Germanic existed. Most agree that after East Germanic broke off, the remaining Germanic languages, the Northwest Germani

    Several scholars have published reconstructions of Proto-West-Germanic morphological paradigms and many authors have reconstructed individual Proto-West-Germanic morphological forms or lexemes. The first comprehensive reconstruction of the Proto-West-Germanic language was publish

    Note that divisions between subfamilies of continental Germanic languages are rarely precisely defined; most form dialect continua, with adjacent dialects being mutually intelligible and more separated ones not. 1. North Sea Germanic / Ingvaeonic languages Anglo-Frisian languages English Languages/Anglic English Scots Yola Fingalian Frisian languages West Frisian East Frisian North Frisian Low German / Low Saxon Northern Low Saxon Schleswig dialects Holstein dialects Westphalian Eastphalia diale

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    The North Germanic languages make up one of the three branches of the Germanic languages—a sub-family of the Indo-European languages—along with the West Germanic languages and the extinct East Germanic languages. The language group is also referred to as the "Nordic languages", a direct translation of the most common term used among Danish, Faroese, Icelandic, Norwegian, and Swedish scholars and people. The term "North Germanic languages" is used in comparative linguistics, whereas the...

    The modern languages and their dialects in this group are: 1. Danish Jutlandic dialect North Jutlandic East Jutlandic West Jutlandic South Jutlandic Insular Danish Bornholmsk dialect 2. Swedish South Swedish dialects Scanian Göta dialects Gotland dialects Svea dialects Norrland dialects Jämtland dialects East Swedish dialects Finland Swedish Estonian Swedish 3. Dalecarlian language Elfdalian 4. Gutnish 5. Norwegian Bokmål Nynorsk Trønder dialects East Norwegian dialects West Norwegian ...

    The Germanic languages are traditionally divided into three groups: West, East and North Germanic. Their exact relation is difficult to determine from the sparse evidence of runic inscriptions, and they remained mutually intelligible to some degree during the Migration Period, so

    The North Germanic group is characterized by a number of phonological and morphological innovations shared with West Germanic: 1. The retraction of Proto-Germanic ē to ā. Proto-Germanic *jērą 'year' > Northwest Germanic *jārą, whence North Germanic *āra > Old Norse ...

    Some innovations are not found in West and East Germanic, such as: 1. Sharpening of geminate /jj/ and /ww/ according to Holtzmann's law Occurred also in East Germanic, but with a different outcome. Proto-Germanic *twajjǫ̂ > Old Norse tveggja, Gothic twaddjē, but > Old ...

    In historical linguistics, the North Germanic family tree is divided into two main branches, West Scandinavian languages and East Scandinavian languages, along with various dialects and varieties. The two branches are derived from the western and eastern dialect groups of Old Norse respectively. There was also an Old Gutnish branch spoken on the island of Gotland. The continental Scandinavian languages were heavily influenced by Middle Low German during the period of Hanseatic expansion. Another

  5. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Germanic languages Language portal For a list of words relating to Germanic languages, see the Germanic languages category of words in Wiktionary , the free dictionary.

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