The House of Wittelsbach (German: Haus Wittelsbach) is the Royal Bavarian dynasty from Germany, with branches that have ruled over territories including Bavaria, the Palatinate, Holland and Zeeland, Sweden (with Denmark and Norway), Hungary (with Romania), Bohemia, the Electorate of Cologne and other prince-bishoprics, and Greece.
The Wittelsbach family is a European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria.. Members of the family were rulers of Bavaria, either as Dukes, Electors or Kings, from 1180 until the revolution in 1918, after the defeat of Germany in World War I.
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Pages in category "House of Wittelsbach". The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 401 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ( learn more ). (previous page) ( next page) House of Wittelsbach. Palatinate-Neuburg.
- Bavaria and Palatinate Within The Holy Roman Empire
- Kingdom of Bavaria, 1806–1918
- Activities During Nazi Regime, 1933–1945
- Reign Outside The Holy Roman Empire
- Castles and Palaces
- Coats of Arms
- See Also
- External Links
Berthold, Margrave in Bavaria (died 980), was the ancestor of Otto I, Count of Scheyern (died 1072), whose third son Otto II, Count of Scheyern acquired the castle of Wittelsbach (near Aichach). The Counts of Scheyern left Scheyern Castle (constructed around 940) in 1119 for Wittelsbach Castle and the former was given to monks to establish Scheyern Abbey. The Wittelsbach Conrad of Scheyern-Dachau, a great-grandson of Otto I, Count of Scheyern became Duke of Merania in 1153 and was succeeded by his son Conrad II. It was the first Duchy held by the Wittelsbach family (until 1180/82). Otto I's eldest son Eckhard I, Count of Scheyern was father of the Count palatine of Bavaria Otto IV (died 1156), who was the first Count of Wittelsbach and whose son Otto was invested with the Duchy of Bavaria in 1180 after the fall of Henry the Lion and hence the first Bavarian ruler from the House of Wittelsbach. Duke Otto's son Louis I, Duke of Bavaria acqu...
The Wittelsbach dynasty ruled the German territories of Bavaria from 1180 to 1918 and the Electorate of the Palatinate from 1214 until 1805; in 1815 the latter territory was partly incorporated as Rhine Palatinate into Bavaria, which Napoleonelevated to a kingdom in 1806. On Duke Otto II's death in 1253, his sons divided the Wittelsbach possessions between them: Henry became Duke of Lower Bavaria, and Louis IIDuke of Upper Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine. When Henry's branch died out in 1340 the Emperor Louis IV, a son of Duke Louis II, reunited the duchy. The family provided two Holy Roman Emperors: Louis IV (1314–1347) and Charles VII (1742–1745), both members of the Bavarian branch of the family, and one German King with Rupert of the Palatinate(1400–1410), a member of the Palatinate branch. The House of Wittelsbach split into these two branches in 1329: Under the Treaty of Pavia, Emperor Louis IV granted the Palatinate includ...
Under Maximilian's descendants, Bavaria became the third most powerful German state, behind only Prussia and Austria. It was also far-and-away the most powerful secondary state. When the German Empire was formed in 1871, Bavaria became the new empire's second most powerful state after Prussia. The Wittelsbachs reigned as kings of Bavaria until 1918. On 12 November 1918 Ludwig III issued the Anif declaration (German: Anifer Erklärung) at Anif Palace, Austria, in which he released his soldiers and officials from their oath of loyalty to him and ended the 738-year rule of the House of Wittelsbach in Bavaria.The republican movement thereupon declared a republic.
During the Second World War, the Wittelsbachs were anti-Nazi. The family initially left Germany for Hungary, but were eventually arrested. Family members spent time in several Nazi concentration camps including Oranienburg and Dachau.
With Duke Otto III of Lower Bavaria, who was a maternal grandson of Béla IV of Hungary and was elected anti-king of Hungary and Croatia as Bela V (1305–1308) the Wittelsbach dynasty came to power outside the Holy Roman Empirefor the first time. Otto had abdicated the Hungarian throne by 1308.
Some of the most important Bavarian castles and palaces that were built by Wittelsbach rulers, or served as seats of ruling branch lines, are the following: 1. The Old Courtin Munich 2. Munich Residenz by Michael Wening 3. Nymphenburg Palacein Munich 4. Schleissheim Palacein Munich 5. Trausnitz Castlein Landshut 6. Ingolstadt Castle 7. StraubingCastle 8. Burghausen Castle 9. Hohenschwangau Castle 10. Linderhof Palace 11. HerrenchiemseePalace 12. Neuschwanste...
Some of the most important castles and palaces of the Palatinate Wittelsbach were: 1. Heidelberg Castle1670 2. Mannheim Palace 3. Schwetzingen Castle 4. Neuburg Castle (Bavaria) 5. DüsseldorfCastle 6. Benrath Palacein Düsseldorf 7. Bensberg Castle 8. ZweibrückenCastle 9. BirkenfeldCastle 1645 10. SulzbachCastle 11. NeumarktCastle 12. SimmernCastle 1648
Electorate of Cologne
From 1597 to 1794, Bonn was the capital of the Electorate of Cologneand residence of the Archbishops and Prince-electors of Cologne, most of them belonging to the Bavarian branch of the House of Wittelsbach (from 1583 to 1761). 1. Electoral Palace, Bonn 2. Poppelsdorf Palace, Bonn 3. Augustusburg Palace, Brühl
A full armorial of the Wittelsbach family can be found on the French-language Wikipedia at Armorial of the House of Wittelsbach.
A number of the moves have been from terms containing "dynasty" to ones containing "house" and others have been moved from the bare house name. Wittelsbach itself is only a name. This is an article about the House of that name. It makes sense to me to have it here.
The House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, a branch of the Wittelsbach dynasty, was the ruling dynasty of Sweden from 1654 to 1720. By this point it had splintered into several different houses. The Royal House of Sweden was represented by the branch Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Kleeburg . Zweibrücken Castle.
View House of Wittelsbach - Wikipedia.pdf from LAT 28874 at University of California, Davis. House of Wittelsbach The House of Wittelsbach (German: Haus Wittelsbach) is the Royal Bavarian dynasty
The House of Wittelsbach was one of the royal houses in the Holy Roman Empire. They made 3 Holy Roman Emperors and were also a ruling family in Bavaria, in Greece and Sweden. 1 Emperors, Electors and Kings 1.1 The Wittelsbach produced Three Holy Roman Emperos: 1.2 The Wittelsbach produced Six...