These are the main Indo-European language groups:
simple.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indo-European_language#:~:text=These are the main Indo-European language groups: 1,Indo-Iranian Indo-Aryan languages (Indic) Iranian More items...
- Anatolian: Luwian; Hittite
- Balto-Slavic Baltic ( Latvian and Lithuanian) Slavic (such as Polish, Ukrainian, and Serbian)
- Celtic (such as Irish and Welsh)
- Germanic (such as English, German, and Swedish)
- Greek (and modern Greek)
- Indo-Iranian Indo-Aryan languages (Indic) Iranian
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There are about 445 living Indo-European languages, according to the estimate by Ethnologue, with over two thirds (313) of them belonging to the Indo-Iranian branch. All Indo-European languages have descended from a single prehistoric language, reconstructed as Proto-Indo-European, spoken sometime in the Neolithic era.
- Proto-Indo-European Language
Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the theorized common ancestor...
- Indo-Iranian Languages
The Indo-Iranian languages (Indo-Iranic languages), or Aryan...
- Proto-Indo-European Language
The 449 Indo-European languages identified in the SIL estimate, 2018 edition, are mostly living languages, however, if all the known extinct Indo-European languages are added, they number more than 800 or close to one thousand. This list includes all known Indo-European languages, living and extinct.
The Indo-European languages are a family of several hundred related languages and dialects, including most major languages in Europe, the Iranian plateau, and South Asia. Historically, this language family was also important in Anatolia and Central Asia. The earliest Indo-European writing is from the Bronze Age in Anatolian and Mycenaean Greek.
For a list of words relating to Indo-European languages, see the Indo-European languages category of words in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. The Indo-European languages include some 443 ( SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken by about three billion people, including most of the major language families of Europe and western Asia.
- Indo-European languages
Indo-European studies is a field of linguistics and an interdisciplinary field of study dealing with Indo-European languages, both current and extinct. The goal of those engaged in these studies is to amass information about the hypothetical proto-language from which all of these languages are descended, a language dubbed Proto-Indo-European (PIE), and its speakers, the Proto-Indo-Europeans ...
The oldest Indo-European language texts date from the 19th century BC in Kültepe, now in Turkey, and while estimates vary widely, the spoken Indo-European languages are believed to have developed at the latest by the 3rd millennium BC (see Proto-Indo-European Urheimat hypotheses). Thus, the Pre-Indo-European languages must have developed ...
The Anatolian languages are an extinct branch of Indo-European languages that were spoken in Anatolia, part of present-day Turkey.The best known Anatolian language is Hittite, which is considered the earliest-attested Indo-European language.
It is an Indo-European language and some scholars have proposed that it may be a para-Celtic language, which evolved alongside Celtic or formed a dialect continuum or sprachbund with Tartessian and Gallaecian. This is tied to a theory of an Iberian origin for the Celtic languages.