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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › LithuaniaLithuania - Wikipedia

    Lithuania ( / ˌlɪθjuˈeɪniə / ( listen); Lithuanian: Lietuva [lʲɪɛtʊˈvɐ] ), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublika ), is a country in the Baltic region of Europe. It is one of three Baltic states and lies on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea.

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  2. Lithuania, located along the lower and middle Neman River basin, comprised mainly the culturally different regions of Samogitia (known for its early medieval skeletal burials), and further east Aukštaitija, or Lithuania proper (known for its early medieval cremation burials).

    • History
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    Lithuania began to turn into a country in the 7th–9th centuries from Baltic nations group. The Balts, the ancestors of Lithuanians and Latvians, came to the area between Nemunas, Daugava rivers and the Baltic Sea, from a supposed original homeland of the Proto-Indo-European languages. Many scientists think they came there sometime in the 3rd millen...

    Lithuania has been a member of NATO and the European Union since 2004. Lithuania is a semi presidential republic, that restored its independence and democracy in 1990. Since then, very important reforms were made and Lithuania is now declared as a democratic state that grants the human rights. The Constitution that was adopted in 1992 declares that...

    Lithuania is divided into 10 counties, 60 municipalities and 500 elderates. The counties are: 1. Alytus County 2. Kaunas County 3. Klaipėda County 4. Marijampolė County 5. Panevėžys County 6. Šiauliai County 7. Tauragė County 8. Telšiai County 9. Utena County 10. Vilnius County The county governor rules the county. He or she must be appointed by th...

    Lithuania is a country in Northern Europe. Its neighbours are Poland in the southwest, Russia (Kaliningrad) in west, Latvia in north and Belarus in the east. Lithuania borders the Baltic Sea and 99 kilometres of its coast belong to Lithuania. The highest hill is Aukštojas (294 metres high), the largest lake is Drūkšiai Lake. 31% of the land is suit...

    Lithuania has a fast growing economy. It grew up to 7% in the first quarter of 2008. GDP per capita, based on purchasing power parity is estimated to be $19,730 in 2008. The nominal GDP per capita is estimated to be $14,213 at the same year. According to these numbers, Lithuanian per capita GDP reaches only 61% of EU average. However, it is impress...

    About 80% of people in Lithuania are Lithuanians. There are large national minorities: 1. The Poles, (6.3%), mainly live in Vilnius County, which was taken over by Poland in 1920. 2. The Russians, (5.1%), mainly live in Vilnius County and Utena County, as workers at the Ignalina nuclear plant. 3. The Belorussians, (1.1%), most of them live in Vilni...

    The nursery schools and the kindergartens are the first-level education forms. However, they are not compulsory. The children start attending the primary school at age 7, where educational programs last for 4 years; then they must start attending secondary school (5th to 10th grades). After finishing 8th or 10th grade, the student can continue lear...

    Radio and Television

    Lithuanians can choose from many television and radiostations. The first radio station was started in 1926 in Kaunas. The first television station started in 1957. The main radio stations are: 1. Public broadcaster: LRT Radijas (talk station), LRT Klasika (classical music), LRT Opus (alternative music) 2. M-1 (TOP 40) 3. Lietus (Lithuanian pop) 4. Radiocentras (TOP 40) 5. Power Hit Radio (dance) 6. ZIP FM (TOP 40) 7. M-1 Plius (adult contemporary) 8. Žinių Radijas (talk station) The most popu...

    Printed Media and Internet

    The oldest legal newspaperin Lithuania is the Polish Kurier Wilenski. It was first published in the 18th century and is now only popular with the Polish community. The biggest selling newspapers are: 1. Lietuvos Rytas (national) 2. Verslo žinios (business) 3. Kauno diena (regional) 4. Vakaro žinios (tabloid) 5. Vakarų ekspresas (regional) Internet news portals are very popular in Lithuania. They have the latest information and also let people make comments. The most popular Internet sites wit...

    • Overview
    • Geographical position
    • Topography and drainage
    • Environment
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    Lithuania is a country in the Baltic region of Europe. The most populous of the Baltic states, Lithuania has 262 km of coastline consisting of the continental coast and the "Curonian Spit" coast. Lithuania's major warm-water port of Klaipėda lies at the narrow mouth of Curonian Lagoon, a shallow lagoon extending south to Kaliningrad and separated f...

    Lithuania is situated on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. Lithuania's boundaries have changed several times since 1918, but they have been stable since 1945. Currently, Lithuania covers an area of about 65,300 km2. About the size of West Virginia, it is larger than Belgium, Denmark, Latvia, the Netherlands, or Switzerland. Lithuania borders Lat...

    Lithuania lies at the edge of the North European Plain. Its landscape was shaped by the glaciers of the last Ice Age, which retreated about 25,000–22,000 years BP. Lithuania's terrain is an alternation of moderate lowlands and highlands. The highest elevation is 297.84 meters above sea level, found in the eastern part of the republic and separated ...

    Concerned with environmental deterioration, Lithuanian governments have created several national parks and reservations. The country's flora and fauna have suffered, however, from an almost fanatical drainage of land for agricultural use. Environmental problems of a different nature were created by the development of environmentally unsafe industri...

    Lithuania has an abundance of limestone, clay, quartz sand, gypsum sand, and dolomite, which are suitable for making high-quality cement, glass, and ceramics. There also is an ample supply of mineral water, but energy sources and industrial materials are all in short supply. Oil was discovered in Lithuania in the 1950s, but only a few wells operate...

  3. The economy of Lithuania is the largest economy among the three Baltic states. Lithuania is a member of the European Union and its GDP per capita is the highest in the Baltic states. Lithuania belongs to the group of very high human development countries and is a member of WTO and OECD . In the 1990s, Lithuania rapidly moved from a centrally ...

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