The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean (or, depending on definition, to Antarctica) in the south and is bounded by the continents of Asia and Australia in the west and the Americas in the east.
- 4,280 m (14,040 ft)
- 165,250,000 km² (63,800,000 sq mi)
- 10,911 m (35,797 ft)
- 710,000,000 km³ (170,000,000 cu mi)
L'océan Pacifique est l'océan le plus vaste du globe terrestre. Le Pacifique fait partie de l' océan mondial et il comporte deux océans : le Pacifique Nord et le Pacifique Sud . Le Pacifique s'étend sur une surface de 166 241 700 km 2 , soit environ un tiers de la surface totale de la Terre et 21,5 millions km 2 de plus que la surface totale de la planète Mars .
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More commonly, it is used to refer to the islands of the Pacific Ocean that were previously colonized by the British, French, Spaniards, Portuguese, Dutch, or Japanese, or by the United States. Examples include the Pitcairn Islands , Taiwan , and Borneo .
océan Pacifique m (uncountable) Pacific Ocean (the world's largest body of water)
- Formation and Composition
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On 24 March 1942, the newly formed British and US Combined Chiefs of Staff issued a directive designating the Pacific theater an area of American strategic responsibility. On 30 March the US Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) divided the Pacific theater into three areas: the Pacific Ocean Areas (POA), the South West Pacific Area (SWPA), and the Southeast Pacific Area.Details and transition, including whether Nimitz "appointed" or "nominated" the commander of the South Pacific Area, were worked out between 3 April and formal assumption of the overall Commander-in-Chief Pacific Ocean Areas by Nimitz on 8 May 1942. The JCS designated Admiral Chester W. Nimitz as Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas (CINCPOA), with operational control over all units (air, land, and sea) in that area. The theater included most of the Pacific Ocean and its islands, but mainland Asia was excluded from the POA, as were the Philippines, Australia, the Netherlands East Indies, the Territory of New Guinea (includi...
Commanders, South Pacific Area
1. Vice Admiral Robert L. Ghormley(19 June–18 October 1942) 2. Vice Adm./Adm. William Halsey, Jr.(18 October 1942 – 15 June 1944) 3. Vice Adm. John H. Newton(15 June 1944 – 13 March 1945) 4. Vice Admiral William L. Calhoun(13 March–2 September 1945)
Commanders, North Pacific Area
1. Rear Adm. Robert A. Theobald(17 May 1942 – 4 January 1943) 2. Rear Adm. Thomas C. Kinkaid(4 January–11 October 1943) 3. Vice Adm. Frank J. Fletcher(11 October 1943 – 2 September 1945)
1. Cressman, Robert J. (1999). "The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II". Contemporary History Branch, Naval Historical Center (now Naval History & Heritage Command). Retrieved 24 May 2013. 2. Morton, Louis (2000). The War in the Pacific—Strategy and Command: The First Two Years. United States Army In World War II. Washington, D. C.: Center Of Military History, United States Army. LCCN 61-60001. 3. Nimitz, Chester W., Admiral (USN); Steele, James M., Captain (USN) (1942). 'Gr...Central Pacific 1941–1943. The U.S. Army Campaigns of World War II. United States Army Center of Military History. CMH Pub 72-4.
The Indo-Pacific, sometimes known as the Indo–West Pacific or Indo–Pacific Asia, is a biogeographic region of Earth's seas, comprising the tropical waters of the Indian Ocean, the western and central Pacific Ocean, and the seas connecting the two in the general area of Indonesia. It does not include the temperate and polar regions of the Indian and Pacific oceans, nor the Tropical Eastern Pacific, along the Pacific coast of the Americas, which is also a distinct marine realm. The term is ...
L'océan Pacifique Sud abrite le Southeast Indian Ridge traversant du sud de Australie se transformer en Pacific-Antarctic Ridge (au nord de la pôle Sud) et se confond avec une autre crête (au sud de Amérique du Sud) pour former le Ascension du Pacifique Est qui se connecte également à une autre crête (au sud de Amérique du Nord) qui surplombe la Arête Juan de Fuca.