Poland is a developed country, which maintains a high-income economy along with very high standards of living, life quality, safety, education, and economic freedom. Alongside a developed educational system, the state also provides free university education, social security, and a universal health care system.
Poland was established as a state under the Piast dynasty, which ruled the country between the 10th and 14th centuries. Historical records referring to the Polish state begin with the rule of Duke Mieszko I, whose reign commenced sometime before 963 and continued until his death in 992.
Poland is a country in Central Europe. It is on the east of Germany. The Czech Republic and Slovakia are to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania, and the Russian exclave Kaliningrad to the north. The total land area of Poland is about 312,679 km2, slightly larger than Oman. This makes Poland the 77th largest country in the world with over 38.5 million people. Most Polish people live in large cities, including the capital, Warsaw, Łódź, Cracow, the ...
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Poland is a unitary state made up o saxteen voivodeships (Polish: województwo). Poland is a memmer o the European Union , NATO , and OECD anaw. Ceeties o Poland [ eedit | eedit soorce ]
Poland is the 37th most populous country in the world (8th in Europe, with 5.4% of the European population). Total population of Poland is almost stagnant (population growth was 0.08%). In 2018, the average life expectancy was 77.9 years; 74.1 for men and 82 for women. Population distribution is uneven.
Poland is a part of the global tourism market with constantly increasing number of visitors.Tourism in Poland contributes to the country's overall economy. The most popular cities are Kraków, Warsaw, Wrocław, Gdańsk, Poznań, Szczecin, Lublin, Toruń, Zakopane, the Salt Mine in Wieliczka and the historic site of Auschwitz – A German nazi concentration camp in Oświęcim.
- Labour market and wages
- Foreign trade and FDI
The economy of Poland is an industrialized, mixed economy with a developed market that serves as the sixth largest in the European Union and the largest among the former Eastern Bloc members of the EU. Since 1990, Poland has pursued a policy of economic liberalization and its economy was the only one in the EU to avoid a recession through the 2007–08 economic downturn. As of 2019 the Polish economy has been growing steadily for the past 28 years, a record high in the EU and only surpassed...
Poland has seen the largest increase in GDP per capita both among the former Eastern Bloc countries, and compared to the EU-15. It has had uninterrupted economic growth since 1992, even after the 2007 financial crisis.
Unemployment in Poland appeared after the fall of socialism, although the economy previously had high levels of hidden unemployment. The unemployment rate then fell to 10% by the late 1990s and then increased again in the first few years of the 21st century, reaching a peak of 20% in 2002. It has since decreased, although unevenly. Since 2008 the unemployment rate in Poland has consistently been below European average. The rate fell below 8% in 2015 and 3.2% in 2019 leading to a labor deficit. T
With the collapse of the rouble-based COMECON trade bloc in 1991, Poland reoriented its trade. As early as 1996, 70% of its trade was with EU members. Neighboring Germany is Poland's main trading partner today. Poland joined the European Union in May 2004. Before that, it fostered regional integration and trade through the Central European Free Trade Agreement, which included Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Slovenia. Poland is a founding member of the World Trade Organization. As a mem
Before World War II, Poland's industrial base was concentrated in the coal, textile, chemical, machinery, iron, and steel sectors. Today it extends to fertilizers, petrochemicals, machine tools, electrical machinery, electronics, car manufacture and shipbuilding. Poland's industr
Agriculture employs 12.7% of the workforce but contributes 3.8% to the gross domestic product, reflecting relatively low productivity. Unlike the industrial sector, Poland's agricultural sector remained largely in private hands during the decades of real socialist rule. Most of t
Poland, especially after joining the European Union in 2004, became a place frequently visited by tourists. Most tourist attractions in Poland are connected with natural environment, historic sites and cultural events. They draw millions of tourists every year from all around the
Poland's terrain was well suited for mobile operations when the weather co-operated; the country had flat plains, with long frontiers totalling almost 5,600 km (3,500 mi), Poland's long border with Germany on the west and north, facing East Prussia, extended 2,000 km (1,200 mi). They had been lengthened by another 300 km (190 mi) on the ...
Din numele slav vin denumirile în limbi germanice – germană Polen, engleză Poland. În unele limbi, cuvântul pentru a desemna Polonia vine de o altă rădăcină, legată cu numele tribului slav lenzieni și cuvântul lęda însemnând pârloagă — maghiară Lengyelország, lituaniană Lenkija, persană لهستان Lahestan.