Portugal was the first country in the world to abolish life imprisonment (in 1884) and was one of the first countries to abolish the death penalty. Maximum jail sentences are limited to 25 years. Portugal is also known for having decriminalized the usage of all common drugs in 2001, the first country in the world to do so.
The region of present-day Portugal has been inhabited by humans since circa 400,000 years ago, when Homo heidelbergensis entered the area. The oldest human fossil found in Portugal is the 400,000-year-old Aroeira 3 H. Heidelbergensis skull discovered in the Cave of Aroeira in 2014.
Portugal was important in world exploration for two reasons. Henry the Navigator, a prince from Portugal, was very interested in exploration. Inventions in navigation led to a bigger knowledge of geography. This world exploration began the Portuguese Empire. Portugal was a world power during the 15th and 16th centuries. It tried to colonize ...
Etimologia. O nome Portugal apareceu entre os anos 930 a 950 da Era Cristã, sendo no final do século X que começou a ser usado com mais frequência. O Rei Fernando I de Leão e Castela, chamado o Magno, denominou oficialmente o território de Portugal, quando, em 1067, o deu ao seu filho D. Garcia, que se intitulou rei do mesmo nome. 
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Once Portugal was independent, D. Afonso I's descendants, members of the Portuguese House of Burgundy, would rule Portugal until 1383. Even after the change in royal houses, all the monarchs of Portugal were descended from Afonso I, one way or another, through both legitimate and illegitimate links.
Fátima (Portuguese pronunciation: ()) is a city in the municipality of Ourém, Beira Litoral Province, in the Central Region and Médio Tejo intermunicipal community of Portugal, with 71.29 km 2 of area and 11,788 inhabitants (2011).
The COVID-19 pandemic in Portugal is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). On 2 March 2020, the virus was confirmed to have reached Portugal , when it was reported that two men, a 60-year-old doctor who travelled to the north of Italy on ...
Sintra (/ ˈ s ɪ n t r ə, ˈ s iː n t r ə /, Portuguese: ()) is a town and municipality in the Greater Lisbon region of Portugal, located on the Portuguese Riviera.The population of the municipality in 2011 was 377,835, in an area of 319.23 square kilometres (123.26 sq mi).
TAP Air Portugal is the flag carrier airline of Portugal, headquartered at Lisbon Airport which also serves as its hub.TAP – Transportes Aéreos Portugueses – has been a member of the Star Alliance since 2005 and operates on average 2,500 flights a week to 90 destinations in 34 countries worldwide.
Ime Portugal, samo po sebi otkriva dijelove rane povijesti ove zemlje - ono potiče od rimskog imena Portus Cale, moguće mješavine grčkog i latinskog imena koje znači "Lijepa luka". Portugal je postao kraljevina 1139.g., a prvi kralj je bio Afonso I. Portugalski. Portugal je tijekom 15. i 16. stoljeća proširio svoj utjecaj.