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  2. Sampler (musical instrument) - Wikipedia

    A sampler is an electronic or digital musical instrument which uses sound recordings (or " samples ") of real instrument sounds (e.g., a piano, violin or trumpet), excerpts from recorded songs (e.g., a five-second bass guitar riff from a funk song) or found sounds (e.g., sirens and ocean waves).

  3. Sampler (musical instrument) - Simple English Wikipedia, the ...

    A sampler is an electronic musical instrument that is similar to the synthesizer. What a sample does is that instead of creating sounds from scratch however, a sampler starts with more than one recording (or " samples ") of different sounds added by the user, and then plays each back based on how the instrument is configured.

  4. Category:Samplers (musical instrument) - Wikipedia

    Wikimedia Commons has media related to Samplers (instruments).: Pages in category "Samplers (musical instrument)" The following 50 pages are in this category, out of 50 total.

  5. Sampler (musical instrument) - WIKI 2. Wikipedia Republished
    • History
    • Elements
    • Manufacturers and Models
    • Software Samplers
    • External Links

    Prior to com­puter mem­ory-based sam­plers, mu­si­cians used tape re­play key­boards, which store record­ings on ana­log tape. When a key is pressed the tape head con­tacts the mov­ing tape and plays a sound. The Mel­lotron was the most no­table model, used by a num­ber of groups in the late 1960s and the 1970s, but such sys­tems were ex­pen­sive and heavy due to the mul­ti­ple tape mech­a­nisms in­volved, and the range of the in­stru­ment was lim­ited to three oc­taves at the most. To change sounds a new set of tapes had to be in­stalled in the in­stru­ment. The emer­gence of the dig­i­talsam­pler made sam­pling far more prac­ti­cal. The ear­li­est dig­i­tal sam­pling was done on the EMS Musys sys­tem, de­vel­oped by Peter Gro­gono (soft­ware), David Cock­erell (hard­ware and in­ter­fac­ing) and Peter Zi­novi­eff (sys­tem de­sign and op­er­a­tion) at their Lon­don (Put­ney) Stu­dio c. 1969. The sys­tem ran on two mini-com­put­ers, Dig­i­tal Equip­ment PDP-8's. These had a pair of f...


    Usu­ally a sam­pler is con­trolled by an at­tached music key­board or other ex­ter­nal MIDI con­troller or source. Each note-mes­sage re­ceived by the sam­pler ac­cesses a par­tic­u­lar sam­ple. Often mul­ti­ple sam­ples are arranged across the key­board, each as­signed to a note or group of notes. Key­board track­ing al­lows sam­ples to be shifted in pitch by an ap­pro­pri­ate amount, typ­i­cally in semi­tones and tones. Each group of notes to which a sin­gle sam­ple has been as­signed is of...


    A sam­pler is or­ga­nized into a hi­er­ar­chy of pro­gres­sively more com­pli­cated data struc­tures. At the bot­tom lie sam­ples, in­di­vid­ual record­ings of any sound, recorded at a par­tic­u­lar sam­ple rate and res­o­lu­tion. While a com­mon sound to sam­ple is a mu­si­cal in­stru­ment being played (e.g., a pi­anist play­ing a piano note or an or­gan­ist play­ing a pipe organ), a sam­ple could be any sound, in­clud­ing "non-mu­si­cal" sounds such as a type­writer clack­ing or a dog bark­...


    Many sam­plers work as de­scribed above: the keymap­ping sys­tem "spread out" a sam­ple over a cer­tain range of keys. This has side-ef­fects that may be de­sir­able in some con­texts, such as speed­ing up or slow­ing down drum loops. How­ever, the higher and lower-pitched parts of such a keymap may sound un­nat­ural. For ex­am­ple, if a harp­si­chordis sam­pled in its lower reg­is­ter and then the sam­ples are moved up to very high pitches, the high notes may not sound nat­ural and au­then­t...

    Computer Music Melodian

    Com­puter Music Inc. was started in New Jer­sey United States in 1972 by Harry Mendell and Dan Coren. The com­pany was es­tab­lished to de­velop and mar­ket mu­si­cal in­stru­ments based on com­puter soft­ware. The Melo­dian de­vel­oped in 1976 was based on the Dig­i­tal Equip­ment Cor­po­ra­tion PDP-8 com­puter and hand wired D/A and A/D con­ver­sion and track­ing anti-alias­ing fil­ters. The Melo­dian was first used by Ste­vie Won­der in the "Jour­ney through the Se­cret Life of Plants" (19...


    The Syn­clavier Sys­tem was an early dig­i­tal syn­the­sizer and sam­pler, man­u­fac­tured by New Eng­land Dig­i­tal. First re­leased in 1977, it proved to be highly in­flu­en­tial among both music pro­duc­ers and elec­tronic mu­si­cians, due to its ver­sa­til­ity, its cut­ting-edge tech­nol­ogy and dis­tinc­tive sound. Syn­clavier Sys­tems were ex­pen­sive – the high­est price ever paid for one was about $500,000, al­though av­er­age sys­tems were closer to about $200,000 – $300,000. Al­thou...

    Fairlight Instruments

    Fairlight In­stru­ments was started in Syd­ney, Aus­tralia, in 1975 by Peter Vogel and Kim Ryrie. The com­pany was orig­i­nally es­tab­lished as a man­u­fac­turer and re­tailer of video spe­cial ef­fects equip­ment. The Fairlight CMI or Com­puter Music In­stru­ment, re­leased in 1979, started life as the Qasar M8. The M8 was hand­wired and leg­end has it that it took two hours to boot up. The CMI was the first com­mer­cially avail­able poly­phonic dig­i­tal sam­pling in­stru­ment. The orig­i­...

    In the 1990s and 2000s the in­creases in com­puter power and mem­ory ca­pac­ity have made it pos­si­ble to de­velop soft­ware ap­pli­ca­tions that pro­vide the same ca­pa­bil­i­ties as hard­ware-based units. These are typ­i­cally pro­duced as plug in in­stru­ments – for ex­am­ple, using the VSTsys­tem. Some such sam­plers pro­vide rel­a­tively sim­ple sam­ple play­back fa­cil­i­ties, re­quir­ing the user to turn to other soft­ware for such tasks as sam­ple edit­ing, sam­ple record­ing, and DSP ef­fects, while oth­ers pro­vide fea­tures be­yond those of­fered by rack-mounted units.

    Harry Mendell. "Computer Music Melodian interview on NPR 1980!" (audio). I am interviewed on NPR for inventing the first digital sampling synth
  6. Sampler (musical instrument) -

    A sampler is an electronic or digital musical instrument similar in some respects to a synthesizer, but instead of generating new sounds with filters and oscillators, it uses sound recordings (or "samples") of real instrument sounds (e.g., a piano, violin or trumpet), excerpts from recorded songs (e.g., a five second bass guitar riff from a funk song) or other sounds (e.g., car horns, sirens ...

  7. Sampling (music) - Wikipedia

    In music, sampling is the reuse of a portion (or sample) of a sound recording in another recording. Samples may comprise elements such as rhythm, melody, speech, sounds, or entire bars of music, and may be layered, equalized, sped up or slowed down, repitched, looped, or otherwise manipulated.

  8. Sampler (musical instrument) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    A sampler is an electronic musical instrument closely related to a synthesizer. Instead of generating sounds from scratch, however, a sampler starts with multiple recordings (or "samples") of different sounds added by the user, and then plays each back based on how the instrument is configured.

  9. Talk:Sampler (musical instrument) - Wikipedia

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Sampler (musical instrument) has been listed as a level-5 vital article in an unknown topic. If you can improve it, please do. This article has been rated as C-Class.

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