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  1. Semi-presidential system - Wikipedia › wiki › Semi-presidential_system

    A semi-presidential system or dual executive system is a system of government in which a president exists alongside a prime minister and a cabinet, with the latter being responsible to the legislature of the state.

    • Military Governments

      Presidential republics with an executive presidency separate...

    • Definition

      Maurice Duverger's original definition of...

    • Subtypes

      There are two separate subtypes of semi-presidentialism:...

  2. Presidential system - Wikipedia › wiki › Presidential_system

    Countries that feature a presidential or semi-presidential system of government are not the exclusive users of the title of president. Heads of state of parliamentary republics, largely ceremonial in most cases, are called presidents. Dictatorsor leaders of one-party states, whether popularly elected or not, are also often called presidents.

  3. Semi-presidential system - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ... › wiki › Semi-presidential_system

    From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The semi-presidential system is a system of government where both the prime minister and the president run the day-to-day affairs of the state. This short article about politics can be made longer. You can help Wikipedia by adding to it.

  4. Semi-presidential system — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 › en › Semi-presidential_system
    • Subtypes
    • Division of Powers
    • Cohabitation
    • Advantages and Disadvantages
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    There are two sep­a­rate sub­types of semi-pres­i­den­tial­ism: pre­mier-pres­i­den­tial­ism and pres­i­dent-par­lia­men­tarism. Under the pre­mier-pres­i­den­tial sys­tem, the prime min­is­ter and cab­i­net are ex­clu­sively ac­count­able to par­lia­ment. The pres­i­dent chooses the prime min­is­ter and cab­i­net, but only the par­lia­ment may re­move them from of­fice with a vote of no confidence. The pres­i­dent does not have the right to dis­miss the prime min­is­ter or the cab­i­net. How­ever, in some cases, the pres­i­dent can cir­cum­vent this lim­i­ta­tion by ex­er­cis­ing the dis­cre­tionary power of dis­solv­ing the as­sem­bly, which forces the prime min­is­ter and cab­i­net to step down. This sub­type is used in Ar­me­nia, Burk­ina Faso, Cape Verde, East Timor, France, Geor­gia (since 2013), Lithua­nia, Mada­gas­car, Mali, Mon­go­lia, Niger, Poland, Por­tu­gal, Ro­ma­nia, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sri Lanka and Ukraine(since 2014; pre­vi­ously, be­tween 2006 and 2010). Under...

    The pow­ers that are di­vided be­tween pres­i­dent and prime min­is­ter can vary greatly be­tween coun­tries. In France, for ex­am­ple, in case of co­hab­i­ta­tion, when the pres­i­dent and the prime min­is­ter come from op­pos­ing par­ties, the pres­i­dent over­sees for­eign pol­icy and de­fence pol­icy (these are gen­er­ally called les prérog­a­tives présidentielles (the pres­i­den­tial pre­rog­a­tives) and the prime min­is­ter do­mes­tic pol­icy and eco­nomic pol­icy. In this case, the di­vi­sion of re­spon­si­bil­i­ties be­tween the prime min­is­ter and the pres­i­dent is not ex­plic­itly stated in the con­sti­tu­tion, but has evolved as a po­lit­i­cal con­ven­tion based on the con­sti­tu­tional prin­ci­ple that the prime min­is­ter is ap­pointed (with the sub­se­quent ap­proval of a par­lia­ment ma­jor­ity) and dis­missed by the president. On the other hand, when­ever the pres­i­dent is from the same party as the prime min­is­ter who leads the con­seil de gouvernement (cab­i­ne...

    Semi-pres­i­den­tial sys­tems may some­times ex­pe­ri­ence pe­ri­ods in which the pres­i­dent and the prime min­is­ter are from dif­fer­ing po­lit­i­cal par­ties. This is called "co­hab­i­ta­tion", a term which orig­i­nated in France when the sit­u­a­tion first arose in the 1980s. Co­hab­i­ta­tion can cre­ate an ef­fec­tive sys­tem of checks and bal­ances or a pe­riod of bit­ter and tense stonewalling, de­pend­ing on the at­ti­tudes of the two lead­ers, the ide­olo­gies of their par­ties, or the de­mands of their constituencies. In most cases, co­hab­i­ta­tion re­sults from a sys­tem in which the two ex­ec­u­tives are not elected at the same time or for the same term. For ex­am­ple, in 1981, France elected both a So­cial­ist pres­i­dent and leg­is­la­ture, which yielded a So­cial­ist pre­mier. But whereas the pres­i­dent's term of of­fice was for seven years, the Na­tional As­sem­bly only served for five. When, in the 1986 leg­isla­tive elec­tion, the French peo­ple elected a right-...

    The in­cor­po­ra­tion of el­e­ments from both pres­i­den­tial and par­lia­men­tary re­publics brings some ad­van­ta­geous el­e­ments along with them but, how­ever, it also faces dis­ad­van­tages re­lated to the con­fu­sion from mixed au­thor­ity patterns. Ad­van­tages 1. Providing coverfor the president — it can shield the president from criticism and the unpopular policies can be blamed on the prime minister; 2. Ability to remove an unpopular prime minister and maintain stability from the president's fixed term — the parliament has power to removean unpopular prime minister; 3. Additional checks and balances— while the president can dismiss the prime minister in most semi-presidential systems, in most of the semi-presidential systems important segments of bureaucracy are taken away from the president. Dis­ad­van­tages 1. Confusion about accountability— parliamentary systems give voters a relatively clear sense of who is responsible for policy successes and failures; presidential sy...

    Governing Systems and Executive-Legislative Relations. (Presidential, Parliamentary and Hybrid Systems), United Nations Development Programme (n.d.). Archived 10 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine
    J. Kristiadi (April 22, 2008). "Indonesia Outlook 2007: Toward strong, democratic governance". The Jakarta Post. PT Bina Media Tenggara. Archived from the originalon 21 April 2008.
    The Semi-Presidential One, blog of Robert Elgie
  5. Semi-presidential system - WikiMili, The Best Wikipedia Reader › en › Semi-presidential_system

    Jan 13, 2020 · A semi-presidential system or dual executive system is a system of government in which a president exists alongside a prime minister and a cabinet, with the latter being responsible to the legislature of the state.

  6. Semi-presidential system - test2.Wikipedia › wiki › Semi-presidential_system

    Semi-presidentialism is the system of government, in which the president exists along with the prime minister and the Cabinet, with the latter two being responsible to the legislature of the state.

  7. Semi-parliamentary system - Wikipedia › wiki › Semi-parliamentary_system

    Like semi-presidential systems, semi-parliamentary systems are a strongly rationalized form of parliamentary systems. After Israel decided to abolish the direct election of prime ministers in 2001, there are no national prime-ministerial systems in the world; however, a prime-ministerial system is used in Israeli and Italian cities and towns to ...

  8. Politics of Russia - Wikipedia › wiki › Politics_of_Russia

    The politics of Russia take place in the framework of the federal semi-presidential republic of Russia.According to the Constitution of Russia, the President of Russia is head of state, and of a multi-party system with executive power exercised by the government, headed by the Prime Minister, who is appointed by the President with the parliament's approval.

  9. What is a Semi-Presidential System of Government? - WorldAtlas › articles › what-is-a-semi

    May 10, 2019 · A semi-presidential system of government represents a republic ruled by an elected president, a prime minister, and a cabinet. The president is usually elected and is meant to serve for the fixed term specified by the constitution. Lately, semi-presidential governments have become popular, especially in Western countries.

  10. Politics of France - Wikipedia › wiki › Politics_of_France

    Executive branch. France has a semi-presidential system of government, with both a President and a Prime Minister.The Prime Minister is responsible to the French Parliament.A presidential candidate is required to obtain a nationwide majority of non-blank votes at either the first or second round of balloting, which implies that the President is somewhat supported by at least half of the voting ...