Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a country situated at the confluence of Western, Central, and Southern Europe.  [note 4] It is a federal republic composed of 26 cantons , with federal authorities based in Bern .
Switzerland is a comparatively small country in Western Europe. The official name of Switzerland is Confoederatio Helvetica. This is Latin and is not often used except for state documents. Switzerland is a confederation of even smaller states, which are the 26 cantons. Switzerland is known for its neutrality. A country is neutral when it does not take sides among the countries who are at war. Switzerland has been neutral since 1815. Many international organizations are in Switzerland. The United
Since 1848 the Swiss Confederation has been a federal republic of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, putting them among the world's oldest surviving republics. The early history of the region is tied to that of Alpine culture. Switzerland was inhabited by the Helvetii, and it came under Roman rule in the 1st century BC. Gallo-Roman culture was amalgamated with Germanic influence during Late Antiquity, with the eastern pa
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Encompassing the Central Alps, Switzerland sits at the crossroads of several major European cultures. Its population includes a two-thirds majority of Alemannic German speakers and a one-quarter Latin minority (French, Italian and Romansh), see linguistic geography of Switzerland. 10% of the population natively speak an immigrant language.
- 10.5 births/1,000 population (2015 est.)
- 8,570,146 (30 June 2019 est.)
- 0.75% (2019 est.)
- 208/km² (48th), 539/sq mi
Switzerland features a system of government not seen in any other nation: direct representation, sometimes called half-direct democracy (this may be arguable, because theoretically, the Sovereign of Switzerland is actually its entire electorate). Referenda on the most important laws have been used since the 1848 constitution.
flag of Switzerland, civil ensign of Switzerland kan sarki: Coat of arms of Switzerland has quality: free country top-level Internet domain.ch, .swiss uses: Mandatory referendum geography of topic: geography of Switzerland tarihin maudu'i: history of Switzerland mobile country code: 228 country calling code +41 trunk prefix: 0 GS1 country code ...
The 26 cantons of Switzerland (German: Kanton, French: canton, Italian: cantone, Romansh: chantun) are the member states of the Swiss Confederation.The nucleus of the Swiss Confederacy in the form of the first three confederate allies used to be referred to as the Waldstätte.
- National languages and linguistic regions
The four national languages of Switzerland are German, French, Italian and Romansh. All but Romansh maintain equal status as official languages at the national level within the Federal Administration of the Swiss Confederation. In some situations, Latin is used, particularly as a single language to denote the country. In 2017, the population of Switzerland was 62.6% native speakers of German; 22.9% French; 8.2% Italian; and 0.5% Romansh. The German region is roughly in the east, north and center
The German-speaking part of Switzerland constitutes about 65% of Switzerland. In seventeen of the Swiss cantons, German is the only official language. In the cantons of Bern, Fribourg and Valais, French is co-official; in the trilingual canton of Graubünden, more than half ...
Romandy is the French-speaking part of Switzerland. It covers the area of the cantons of Geneva, Vaud, Neuchâtel, and Jura as well as the French-speaking parts of the cantons of Bern, Valais, and Fribourg. 1.9 million people live in Romandy. Standard Swiss French and the ...
Italian Switzerland is the Italian-speaking part of Switzerland, which includes the canton of Ticino and the southern part of Grisons. Italian is also spoken in the Gondo Valley in Valais. The linguistic region covers an area approximately 3,500 km² and has a total population of
To avoid having to translate the name of Switzerland in the four national languages, Latin is used on the coins of the Swiss franc and on Swiss stamps. The country code top-level domain for Switzerland on the internet is.ch, the abbreviation of the Latin name, Confoederatio Helvetica; similarly, the International vehicle registration code for Swiss automobiles is "CH". The Federal Palace of Switzerland bears the inscription Curia Confoederationis Helveticae. To have a unique name across the coun
Switzerland is divided into 26 different areas called cantons. A canton is like a state in the United States. In the past, each canton had its own army and money. This changed in 1848 when Switzerland finished a civil war and changed to the structure it has now.AbbrCantonSinceCapitalZHZürich (Zurich)1351ZürichBEBerne (Bern)1353BerneLULucerne1332LucerneURUri1291Altdorf
Of the population in the municipality, 39,008 or about 30.3% were born in Bern and lived there in 2000. There were 27,573 or 21.4% who were born in the same canton, while 25,818 or 20.1% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 27,812 or 21.6% were born outside of Switzerland.