Tyumen Oblast ( Russian: Тюме́нская о́бласть, Tyumenskaya oblast) is a federal subject (an oblast) of Russia. It is geographically located in the Western Siberia region of Siberia, and is administratively part of the Urals Federal District. The oblast has administrative jurisdiction over two autonomous okrugs: Khanty–Mansi ...
- 143,520 km² (55,410 sq mi)
Tyumen (/ t j uː ˈ m ɛ n / tew-MEN; Russian: Тюмень, IPA: [tʲʉˈmʲenʲ] ) is the largest city and the administrative center of Tyumen Oblast, Russia, located on the Tura River 2,143 kilometers (1,332 mi) east of Moscow. Tyumen was the first Russian settlement in Siberia.
- 698 km² (269 sq mi)
- July 29, 1586
- 102 m (335 ft)
- Tyumen Region History
- Tyumen Oblast Features
- Tyumen Region Economy
- Tyumen Oblast Tourism
People began to explore Western Siberia about 15-20 thousand years ago. Western Siberia was inhabited by the tribes of the Khanty and Mansi (Voguls), Nenets (Samoyed), Selkups (Ostyaks-Samoyeds). At the end of the first millennium AD, the Turkic tribes inhabited the south of the present Tyumen region; later, they formed into an ethnic community of the Siberian Tatars. In the 13th-16th centuries, Chingi-Tura (Chimgi-Tura), the capital of the Tyumen Khanate of the Tatars and Kereits, was standing on the bank of the Tyumenka River. The khanate was in vassal dependence on the Golden Horde. Around 1500, the ruler of the Tyumen Khanate united the greater part of Western Siberia by creating the Siberian Khanate with the capital in the town of Kashlyk, also known as Sibir and Isker. The Siberian khans waged numerous wars against the Astrakhan Khanate, the Nogai Horde, raided on Russian territory. In 1563, Kuchum became the khan. He managed to unite the previously hostile Tatar tribes, subor...
Tyumen oblast is the only region of Russia that extends (together with autonomous okrugs) from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the state border in the south making it the third largest province of Russia after Yakutia and Krasnoyarsk krai. The Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug - Yugra is the main oil and gas bearing region of Russia and one of the largest oil producing regions in the world. The Tyumen region is located in the southwestern part of the West Siberian lowland plain and divides Russia into two large parts: to the west - the Urals and the European part of the country, to the east - the Asian part: Siberia and the Far East. The climate is arctic and subarctic in the north, temperate - in the center and in the south. The average temperature in January ranges from minus 17 degrees Celsius in Tyumen to minus 27 degrees Celsius in the north. The largest rivers of the region, the Ob and the Irtysh, are navigable. In total, there are about 70 thousand lakes. Most of the territory i...
In terms of industrial output, the Tyumen region ranks first in Russia. The main branch of specialization is the fuel industry, which accounts for more than 80% of the region’s industrial output. The Tobolsk petrochemical plant is the largest in Russia. Timber cutting and wood processing industries are also developed. The region is characterized by harsh natural and climatic conditions, 90% of the territory is classified as or equivalent to the regions of the Far North. Only 3% of the region’s territory is occupied by agricultural land. More favorable climatic conditions of the south allow to grow grain, potatoes, vegetables, coarse and juicy forages, the presence of large areas of hayfields and pastures creates favorable conditions for dairy and meat cattle breeding. About 80% of the region’s agricultural output is produced here. Reindeer herding and fishing are the traditional occupation of the indigenous peoples of the North.
The main types of tourism popular in the Tyumen region: ecological, cultural (excursions), therapeutic and health, hunting and fishing, active recreation. Tyumen and Tobolsk, the oldest cities founded during the beginning of the development of Siberia, have a number of architectural monuments of the times of the Russian Empire. The city’s day in Tyumen is celebrated on the last Sunday of July. As a rule, several thematic carnivals are held during this time. The city’s day in Tobolsk is celebrated on the last Sunday of June. In addition to its rich historical and cultural heritage, the Tyumen region has great opportunities for active recreation and for those who wish to receive spa and wellness services. This region is rich in mineral waters, various in medicinal properties and quality, and thermal springs. In the lakes of the region, significant resources of various types of therapeutic mud are concentrated. The main sights located outside Tyumen and Tobolsk: Abalak- a village and a...
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Tyumen, oblast (region), central Russia, in the Ob-Irtysh Basin. In the extreme west the Ural Mountains attain 6,217 feet (1,895 m) in Mount Narodnaya, but the remainder of the oblast’s huge area is a low, exceptionally flat plain, with innumerable lakes and very extensive swamps.
Tyumen Oblast is a region in Russia's Urals Region. The region borders Khantia-Mansia in the northwest and north, has a short border with Tomsk Oblast in the northeast, borders Omsk Oblast to the east, Kazakhstan to the south, Kurgan Oblast to the southwest, and Sverdlovsk Oblast to the west. Photo: Stacy, CC BY 2.0.
Tyumen is a city in Western Siberia and the capital of Tyumen Oblast, the second largest region in Russia after Krasnoyarsk Krai, with a population of approximately 600,000 people.
May 15, 2019 · The Tyumen oblast (Russian : тюменская область) is one of the 85 federal subjects of the Russian Federation. It is located in the centre of the country just on the east of the Ural Mountains in Western Siberia. It owns a border with Kazakhstan.
The population of all cities and urban settlements in Tyumen Oblast according to census results and latest official estimates. The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender). Name. Native.
Tyumen Oblast, Russia : See also 'Prepolar Ural'. This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
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