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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Vulgar_LatinVulgar Latin - Wikipedia

    Vulgar Latin, also known as Popular or Colloquial Latin, is the range of non-formal registers of Latin spoken from the Late Roman Republic onward. [1] Through time, Vulgar Latin would evolve into numerous Romance languages. Its literary counterpart was a form of either Classical Latin or Late Latin, depending on the time period.

    • Origin of the term

      During the Classical period, Roman authors referred to the...

    • Sources

      Evidence for the features of non-literary Latin comes from...

    • History

      By the end of the first century AD the Romans had conquered...

  2. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Vulgar Latin, or Common Latin, is one of the two types of Latin. Latin is an old language that was spoken by the Romans. Vulgar Latin is not spoken anymore, but its many dialects eventually became what are now Romance languages (such as Italian, Spanish, French, Portuguese, and Romanian ).

    • Origin of The Term
    • Sources
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    • Vocabulary
    • Phonology
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    The term "common speech" (sermo vulgaris), which later became "Vulgar Latin", was used by inhabitants of the Roman Empire. Subsequently, it became a technical term from Latin and Romance-language philology referring to the unwritten varieties of a Latinised language spoken mainly by Italo-Celtic populations governed by the Roman Republic and the Ro...

    Vulgar Latin is a blanket term covering the popular dialects and sociolects of the Latin language throughout its range, from the hypothetical prisca latinitas of unknown or poorly remembered times in early Latium, to the language spoken around the fall of the empire. Although making it clear that sermo vulgaris existed, ancient writers said very li...

    The original written Latin language (what is today referred to as Classical Latin) was adapted from the actual spoken language of the Latins, with some minor modifications, long before the rise of the Roman Empire. As with many languages, over time the spoken vulgarlanguage diverged from the written language, with the written language remaining som...

    Vulgar Latin largely kept much of its classical vocabulary, albeit with some changes in spelling and case usage.

    There was no single pronunciation of Vulgar Latin, and the pronunciation of Vulgar Latin in the various Latin-speaking areas is indistinguishable from the earlier history of the phonology of the Romance languages. See the article on Romance languagesfor more information.

    Romance articles

    It is difficult to place the point in which the definite article, absent in Latin but present in all Romance languages, arose, largely because the highly colloquial speech in which it arose was seldom written down until the daughter languages had strongly diverged; most surviving texts in early Romance show the articles fully developed. Definite articles evolved from demonstrative pronouns or adjectives (an analogous development is found in many Indo-European languages, including Greek, Celti...

    Loss of neuter gender

    The three grammatical gendersof Classical Latin were replaced by a two-gender system in most Romance languages. The neuter gender of classical Latin was in most cases identical with the masculine both syntactically and morphologically. The confusion had already started in Pompeian graffiti, e.g. cadaver mortuus for cadaver mortuum ("dead body"), and hoc locum for hunc locum ("this place"). The morphological confusion shows primarily in the adoption of the nominative ending -us (-Ø after -r) i...

    Loss of oblique cases

    The Vulgar Latin vowel shifts caused the merger of several case endings in the nominal and adjectival declensions. Some of the causes include: the loss of final m, the merger of ă with ā, and the merger of ŭ with ō (see tables).Thus, by the 5th century, the number of case contrasts had been drastically reduced. There also seems to be a marked tendency to confuse different forms even when they had not become homophonous (like the generally more distinct plurals), which indicates that nominal d...

    Adams, James Noel. 1976. The Text and Language of a Vulgar Latin Chronicle (Anonymus Valesianus II).London: University of London, Institute of Classical Studies.
    --. 1977. The Vulgar Latin of the letters of Claudius Terentianus.Manchester, UK: Manchester Univ. Press.
    --. 2013. Social Variation and the Latin Language.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Burghini, Julia, and Javier Uría. 2015. "Some neglected evidence on Vulgar Latin 'glide suppression': Consentius, 27.17.20 N." Glotta; Zeitschrift Für Griechische Und Lateinische Sprache 91: 15–26....
    Batzarov, Zdravko (2000). "Orbis Latinus". Retrieved 19 September 2009.
    Norberg, Dag; Johnson, R.H. (Translator) (2009) [1980]. "Latin at the End of the Imperial Age". Manuel pratique de latin médiéval. New York: Columbia University Press, Orbis Latinus.
    "Corpus Grammaticorum Latinorum". Paris: Laboratoire d'Histoire des théories linguistiques. 2008. Archived from the original on 7 January 2013. Retrieved 19 September 2009.
  3. Vulgar Latin is a former featured article. Please see the links under Article milestones below for its original nomination page (for older articles, check the nomination archive) and why it was removed. This article appeared on Wikipedia's Main Page as Today's featured article on October 12, 2004. Current status: Former featured article

  4. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › VulgarVulgar - Wikipedia

    Vulgar is a Latin word meaning "common" or "pertaining to ordinary people." Language Vulgar or common language, the vernacular speech of a region or a people Language use characterised by vulgarity, see Vulgarism and Vulgarity § Language See also: Vulgar Latin Other uses

  5. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › LatinLatin - Wikipedia

    Latin (latīnum, [laˈtiːnʊ̃] or lingua latīna, [ˈlɪŋɡʷa laˈtiːna]) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.Latin was originally a dialect spoken in the lower Tiber area around present-day Rome (then known as Latium), but through the power of the Roman Republic it became the dominant language in Italian region and subsequently throughout ...

  6. For Latin used in British legal documents and records, see Law Latin. British Latin or British Vulgar Latin was the Vulgar Latin spoken in Great Britain in the Roman and sub-Roman periods. While Britain formed part of the Roman Empire, Latin became the principal language of the elite, especially in the more romanized south and east of the island.

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