People also ask
What languages are spoken in Sweden with percentages?
What is Sweden's official language?
What is the national religion of Sweden?
What languages do they speak in Sweden?
Aug 01, 2017 · The Swedish language, treated as the official language of Sweden evolved around the 14th and 15th century from Old Norse. The language has several dialects spoken in various parts of the country. The formally recognized minority languages spoken in Sweden include Finnish, Meänkieli, Yiddish, Sami, and Romani.
- Oishimaya Sen Nag
The Kingdom of Sweden is a nation-state for the Swedish people and as such the national language is held in high regard. Of Sweden's roughly 10 million people, almost all speak Swedish as at least a second language and the majority as a first language (7,825,000, according to SIL's Ethnologue).
In Finland as a whole, Swedish is one of the two "national" languages, with the same official status as Finnish (spoken by the majority) at the state level and an official language in some municipalities. Swedish is one of the official languages of the European Union, and one of the working languages of the Nordic Council.
The above mentioned minority languages were declared in 1999 by the Minority Language Committee of Sweden. Swedish Sign Language is used by an estimated 8000 deaf people in Sweden. English is a main language in Sweden as it is a compulsory subject in schools and has been since the late 1940s.
Sep 23, 2020 · National minorities and languages. Sweden’s five national minorities have long historical ties to the country. In 2000 Sweden recognised Jews and Yiddish, the Roma and Romani Chib, the Sami and the Sami language, the Swedish Finns and Finnish, as well as the Tornedalers and Meänkieli (sometimes called Torne Valley Finnish) as official minorities and minority languages.
Denmark continued to control Norway until 1814. This period of domination by Sweden and Denmark left Norway without a national literature and linguistic culture. That had to be developed by Norwegian scholars and writers in the nineteenth century. The Origin of the Dual National Languages of Norway
Swedish is a north Germanic language related to Norwegian, Danish, Icelandic, and Faeroese; it has incorporated elements of German, French, English, and Finnish. The language has been nationally standardized for more than a century, but regional variations in pronunciation persist. English is a required second language in school.
- Swedish Cuisine
- Swedish Literature -
- Sports in Sweden
- Clothing in Sweden
- Music and Dance in Sweden
- Life in A Swedish Society
Although Swedish cuisine in modern times is influenced by global cuisine, traditional Swedish dishes are still hugely popular in the country. Significant differences in the cuisine of northern and southern Sweden is also visible. Meats like those of the reindeer and other game are highly popular in the North while dishes rich in fresh vegetable are common in the South. One of the traditional dishes of Sweden is meatballs served with cream sauce, lingonberry jam, mashed potatoes, and pickled cucumber. Swedish pancakes, Surströmming (fermented herring accompanied by salad and boiled potatoes), Gravlax (raw salmon cured in sugar, dill, and salt), and Pitepalt dumpling are some other famous traditional Swedish dishes.
The Rök Runestone was the first literary text from Sweden. It was carved at around 800 AD during the Viking Age. Latin writings by Christian monks became common in Sweden in the Middle Ages. Following the standardization of the Swedish language in the 16th century, literature in the language flourished. In 1541, the Bible was translated into Swedish. Over the years, Sweden produced many notable authors including the Nobel laureates Pär Lagerkvist and Selma Lagerlöf.
Almost half of the population of Sweden actively engage in sporting activities. Football and ice hockey are two of the most popular sports in the country. The national ice hockey team of Sweden is one of the world’s best teams. It has won the World Championships nine times. Sweden also performs well at the Olympic Games. The country has even hosted many international sports events like the 1912 Summer Olympics, the 1958 FIFA World Cup, the 1995 World Championships in Athletics, and others. Winter sports are also popular in Sweden and the country has produced many internationally famous winter sports athletes.
Although most Swedes wear modern clothing that is internationally influenced, traditional Swedish folk costumes are occasionally worn. The Sverigedräkten is one such costume that is worn by royal women on some formal occasions. The yellow and blue colored version of the dress was established as the National Costume in 2004. Different regions of the country have their own folk costume designs.
Sweden has a lively music and dance scene. Around 600,000 of the country’s inhabitants belong to the various choirs. The world-famous pop music group ABBA is from Sweden. Other internationally popular Swedish pop music and dance groups are Roxette, The Cardigans, Ace of Base, etc. The country also has a prolific death metal scene. At the Gates, The Haunted, and In Flames are some of the renowned dark metal bands from Sweden. The country also has a rich traditional folk music and dance scene. Most of the folk performances happen during traditional festivals and ceremonies in the country.
Women and men enjoy equal status in Swedish society. The country has one of the highest proportion of women parliamentarians and cabinet ministers. It also has one of the highest proportion of women in the workforce. Discrimination on the basis of gender is not tolerated in modern Swedish society. The country is also regarded as a leader in gender equality. Both maternal and paternal leaves are granted to workers in the country. Marriage is a matter of individual choice and is generally based on affection and romantic relationships. Cohabitation of unmarried couples is socially accepted in the country and is associated with nearly the same responsibilities and rights as marriage. Same-sex partners are also allowed to marry or enter into a registered partnership. Divorce rates are also high in the country. Most Swedish families are nuclear with both two-parent and single-parent households being common. Both sons and daughters have equal inheritance rights. The government’s policies a...