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Java is a class-based, object-oriented programming language that is designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. It is a general-purpose programming language intended to let application developers write once, run anywhere (WORA), meaning that compiled Java code can run on all platforms that support Java without the need for recompilation.
Java is the name of a programming language created by Sun Microsystems.This company was bought out by Oracle Corporation, which continues to keep it up to date.The latest version is Java 14, released in March 2020.
Java's mountains and highlands split the interior into a series of relatively isolated regions suitable for wet-rice cultivation; the rice lands of Java are among the richest in the world. Java was the first place where Indonesian coffee was grown, starting in 1699.
- 129,904 km² (50,156 sq mi)
- 151.6 million (2020)
Java is a set of computer software and specifications developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems, which was later acquired by the Oracle Corporation, that provides a system for developing application software and deploying it in a cross-platform computing environment. Java is used in a wide variety of computing platforms from embedded devices and mobile phones to enterprise servers and supercomputers. Java applets, which are less common than standalone Java applications, were commonly run in
The Java platform is a suite of programs that facilitate developing and running programs written in the Java programming language. A Java platform includes an execution engine, a compiler and a set of libraries; there may also be additional servers and alternative libraries that depend on the requirements. Java platforms have been implemented for a wide variety of hardware and operating systems with a view to enable Java programs to run identically on all of them. Different platforms target diff
The Java platform and language began as an internal project at Sun Microsystems in December 1990, providing an alternative to the C++/C programming languages. Engineer Patrick Naughton had become increasingly frustrated with the state of Sun's C++ and C application programming interfaces and tools, as well as with the way the NeWS project was handled by the organization. Naughton informed Scott McNealy about his plan of leaving Sun and moving to NeXT; McNealy asked him to pretend he was God and
According to Oracle in 2010, the Java Runtime Environment was found on over 850 million PCs. Microsoft has not bundled a Java Runtime Environment with its operating systems since Sun Microsystems sued Microsoft for adding Windows-specific classes to the bundled Java runtime envir
Duke is Java's mascot. When Sun announced that Java SE and Java ME would be released under a free software license, they released the Duke graphics under the free BSD license at the same time. A new Duke personality is created every year. For example, in July 2011 "Future Tech Duke" included a bigger nose, a jetpack, and blue wings.
The source code for Sun's implementations of Java has been available for some time, but until recently, the license terms severely restricted what could be done with it without signing a contract with Sun. As such these terms did not satisfy the requirements of either the Open Source Initiative or the Free Software Foundation to be considered open source or free software, and Sun Java was therefore a proprietary platform. While several third-party projects created free software partial Java impl
JSR 175 A Metadata Facility for the Java Programming Language（J2SE 5.0） JSR 176 J2SE 5.0（Tiger）Release Contents（J2SE 5.0） JSR 201 Extending the Java Programming Language with Enumerations, Autoboxing, Enhanced for loops and Static Import（J2SE 5.0） JSR 203 More New I/O APIs for the Java Platform（"NIO.2"）（Java SE 7）
Some programming languages exist on the border between proprietary and open; for example, Oracle Corporation asserts proprietary rights to some aspects of the Java programming language, and Microsoft's C# programming language, which has open implementations of most parts of the system, also has Common Language Runtime (CLR) as a closed environment.
Java is a general-purpose programming language that is class-based, object-oriented, and designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.