New York, often called New York City to distinguish from New York State, or NYC for short, is the most populous city in the United States.With an estimated 2020 population of 8,253,213 distributed over about 302.6 square miles (784 km 2), New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the United States.
New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY) is the largest city by population in the United States, located in the state of New York.New York’s population is similar to London in the United Kingdom with over 8 million people currently living in it, and over 22 million people live in the bigger New York metropolitan area.
During this period, New York City was a site of the September 11 attacks of 2001; 2,606 people who were in the towers and in the surrounding area were killed by a terrorist attack on the World Trade Center, an event considered highly traumatic for the city but which did not stop the city's rapid regrowth.
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New York City is in the Northeastern United States, in southeastern New York State, approximately halfway between Washington, D.C. and Boston. The location at the mouth of the Hudson River, which feeds into a naturally sheltered harbor and then into the Atlantic Ocean, has helped the city grow in significance as a trading port. Most of New York City is built on the three islands of Long Island, Manhattan, and Staten Island, making land scarce and encouraging a high population density. The Hudson River flows through the Hudson Valley into New York Bay. Between New York City and Troy, New York, the river is an estuary. The Hudson separates the city from New Jersey. The East River—a tidal strait—flows from Long Island Sound and separates the Bronx and Manhattan from Long Island. The Harlem River, another tidal strait between the East and Hudson Rivers, separates most of Manhattan from the Bronx. The Bronx River, which flows through the Bronx and Westchester County, is the only entirely...
Under the Köppen climate classification, using the 0°C coldest month (January) isotherm, New York City itself experiences a humid subtropical climate (Cfa), and New York is thus the northernmost major city on the North American continent with this categorization. The suburbs to the immediate north and west lie in the transition zone from a humid subtropical (Cfa) to a humid continental climate (Dfa). The area averages 234 days with at least some sunshine annually, and averages 57% of possible sunshine annually, accumulating 2,535 hours of sunshine per annum. The city falls under USDA 7b Plant Hardiness zone. Winters are cold and damp, and prevailing wind patterns that blow offshore minimize the moderating effects of the Atlantic Ocean; yet the Atlantic and the partial shielding from colder air by the Appalachians keep the city warmer in the winter than inland North American cities at similar or lesser latitudes such as Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis. The daily mean tempera...View south from Top of the RockNew York City skylineNew York City skylineSunset in 1932
New City is a hamlet and census-designated place in the town of Clarkstown, Rockland County, New York, United States, part of the New York Metropolitan Area. An affluent suburb of New York City, the hamlet is located 18 miles north of the city at its closest point, Riverdale, Bronx. Within Rockland County, New City is located north of Bardonia, northeast of Nanuet, east of New Square and New Hempstead, south of Garnerville and Haverstraw village, and west, straight across Lake DeForest, of Conge
New City is located at 41°8′44″N 73°59′42″W / 41.14556°N 73.99500°W / 41.14556; -73.99500. New City is accessible from major Rockland arteries providing rapid access to Bergen County, New Jersey, Westchester County, New York, Manhattan, and the Bronx in New York City.
Before the Revolutionary War, the land that would later become known as New City was inhabited mostly by Lenni Lenape American Indians. The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle in the area. Orange County was established in 1683 as one of the first 12 counties in Province of New York, which included present day Rockland County. In 1780, Major Andre and Josh Hett Smith stopped at Coe's Tavern, located on what is now the corner of New Hempstead Road and Route 45. New City was formed in 1798, wh
New City has experienced rapid development, increasing by over 35 times in population between 1950 and 1980, yielding a wealthy stable tax base. The downtown area is the county seat, and one of the main business districts in the county, and attracts a large daytime population of workers, residents, and visitors. The neighborhoods towards the center of town are mostly middle class. Located within walking distance from most of New City's main attractions, these neighborhoods are more densely popul
2021 New York City Council election. General elections for members of the New York City Council will be held on November 2, 2021. The primary elections will be held on June 22, 2021. There are several special elections for seats vacated in 2020 and early 2021; these special elections will be the first to use ranked-choice voting in city council ...
- 48 seats[a]
- Corey Johnson(term-limited)
A 5 boroughs faan New York City: (1) Manhattan. (2) Brooklyn. (3) Queens. (4) The Bronx. (5) Staten Island. A fluuchplaatsen LaGuardia uun't nuurden an J. F. Kennedy uun't süüden faan Queens san blä uunmoolet. New York [ nuːˈjɔːɹk] (gans akeroot City of New York) as en gratstääd bi a uastküst faan a Ferianagt Stooten faan Ameerikoo ...
- Colonial Times
- American Revolution
- Immigration Influx and Gilded Age
- Economic Downfall and Rise
In the 1620s, the first large European colony was started in New Netherland, when the Dutch began trading fur on Governors Island. In 1625, the Dutch chose Manhattan Island to build Fort Amsterdam, a citadel for the protection of the new arrivals. It would later be called New Amsterdam (Dutch: Nieuw Amsterdam). The creation of New Amsterdam was recognized as the birth of New York City. On May 24, 1626, Manhattan was bought from the Native Americans living on the island. The price was trading goods worth 60 guilders, which was worth about 24 dollars at the time. The currency calculations from the International Institute of Social History in Amsterdam say that 60 guilders in the 1620s cost around $1000 now. In 1647, Peter Stuyvesant became the last Dutch Director General of the colony. New Amsterdam was considered an official city on 3 February 1653. In 1664, the British conquered New Netherland and renamed it "New York" after the English King James II, then known as Duke of York and...
Manhattan was the center of many campaigns, battles and meetings during the American Revolution. In 1765, all of the colonies worked together for a unified political aim when the Stamp Act Congress (meeting) of representatives from across the Thirteen Colonies was held in New York City to write The Declaration of Rights and Grievances. The Sons of Liberty, a Boston based group, were part of a long-term battle with British authorities over liberty poles that were sometimes raised by the Sons of Liberty and cut down by the British. The disputes ended when the revolutionary New York Provincial Congresstook power in 1775. Manhattan was the center of a series of large battles in the early American Revolutionary War. These battles were called the New York Campaign, where British forces and colonists fought for control of New York City and the state of New Jersey. The rebel Continental Army, led by George Washington, had to leave Manhattan after losing the Battle of Fort Washington on 16 N...
In the early 19th century, Manhattan grew in population and economically. Another great fire in 1835 destroyed much of the city but it was soon rebuilt. Because of the Great Irish Famine, a lot of Irish people emigrated (left their country) to live in New York; they made up for 25% of Manhattan's population at the time. Many of the Irish people lived in a part of the Lower East Side known as the Bowery or in another section called Five Points. After the Civil War, many immigrants of Italian, Polish and Jewish backgrounds came to Manhattan and lived in tenements in a part of the city called the Lower East Side. Over a million people lived in the area at one point. An Irish political machine called Tammany Hall was very important to New York City during the Gilded Age. With the support of mostly Irish immigrants, it grew as a political machine. The support helped win the election for the first Tammany mayor, Fernando Wood, in 1854. Central Park, which opened to the public in 1858, bec...
In the beginning of the 20th century, many new things were built in the city, like skyscrapers and the New York City Subway. The first subway transit center, the Interborough Rapid Transit or IRT, opened to the public in 1904. The installation of the Subway helped tie the new city together, as did new bridges to Brooklyn. In the 1920s, many African-Americans came to live in Manhattan during the Great Migration from the American South, and the Harlem Renaissance. New York City became the most populous city (city with the most people) in the world in 1925, overtaking London, which had held the title for a century. Between World War I and World War II, reformist Fiorello La Guardia was elected as the new mayor in 1933 and took office in 1934, marking the fall of Tammany Hall after 80 years of dominating politics in New York City. Once the city's demographics were steadier, labor unionization provided protection and affluence to the working class. Despite the Great Depression, some of t...
- Kultura I znamenitosti
- Bosanskohercegovačka Dijaspora
Etimologija i rana historija
Indijanska plemena Algonquian su prije kolonizacije naseljavali područje današnjeg New York Citya zajedno sa plemenom Lenape koje je naseljavalo tadašnje područje Lenapehoking, odnosno današnji Staten Island, zapadni dio Long Islanda, zajedno sa područjem koji će postati Brooklyn i Queens, Manhattan i Lower Hudson dolinu sa Bronxom. Prvi zabilježeni posjet evropljana se dogodio 1524. godine kada je firentinac Giovanni da Verrazzano, u službi Francuske krune, uplovio u luku New Yorka sa svojim...
New York ima jednog glavnog gradonačelnika, koji je zadužen za svih 5 gradskih oblasti. Trenutni gradonačelnik grada je Michael Bloomberg. Pored toga svaka gradska oblast ima svog načelika i predstavnika u vladi države New York. Iako je njujorški gradonačelnik član američke Republikanske stranke Njujorčani tradicionalno glasaju na predsjedničkim izborima za kandidate iz Demokratske stranke. New York je sjedište Ujedinjenih nacija, te brojnih diplomatskih predstavništava i političkih organizacija, što mu daje poseban internacionalni karakter.
Grad New York pruža se na tri ostrva: Staten Island, Manhattan i Long Island (koji uključuje i gradske oblasti Queens i Brooklyn) i na poluostrvu Bronx. Smješten je na ušću rijeka Hudson i East River (Istočna rijeka) u Atlantski okean. Pored svojih prirodnih oblika ostrva grada New Yorka, naročito Manhattan su značajno proširena zemljanim nasipima u cilju stvaranja dodatnih prostora za gradnju. Primjer zemljišnog nasipa je Battery Park City, četvrt koja se nalazi na zapadnoj obali Manhattana, a čija je površina bila nasuta zemljom iskopanom prilikom kopanja temelja za gradnju Svjetskog trgovačkog centra, dviju zgrada blizanaca tokom 1970-ihgodina. Najeći dio izvorne gradske topografije izmjenjen je gradnjom. Naime, prije dolaska evropskih doseljenika New York je bio izrazito brdovito područje. Urbanom gradnjom prirodna topografija je promijenjena, prostor je poravnat, a mnogi dijelovi su dobili nove, vještački napravljene topografske oblike.
New York se smatra jednim od glavnih ekonomskih centara SAD-a i svijeta. Wall Street berza se nalazi u New Yorku, a grad je poznat po veoma razvijenom bankarstvu. Kao tradicionalni lučki grad trgovina je također značajna ekonomska baza New Yorka. U 20. i 21. vijeku New York se razvio kao jedan od vodećih centara profesionalno servisne industrije.
New York ima cijeli niz javnih i privatnih ustanova za obrazovanje. Neki od najpoznatijih ustanova visokog obrazovanja su New York University (NYU) i Columbia University, dva američka univerziteta sa dugom tradicijom i internacionalnim renomeom.
U New Yorku se nalaze brojne arhitekturne znamenitosti, 500 galerija, oko 150 muzeja, više od 100 pozorišta, brojne robne kuće i oko 17.000 restorana. Na južnom i središnjem dijelu Manhattana prevladavaju neboderi; godine 1902. izgrađena trokutasta zgrada Flatiron je neslužbeno prvi svjetski neboder. Poznati su i zgrada Woolworth iz 1915., Chrysler Building iz 1930. u stilu art-decoa, te 1939. završeni kompleks zgrada Rockefellerovog centra u kojem se nalaze studiji TV-mreže NBC. Najviši nebo...
Najpoznatiji sportski klubovi u New Yorku su New York Yankees i New York Mets (MLB liga), New York Knicks i Brooklyn Nets (NBA liga), New York Rangers i New York Islanders (NHL liga), New York Giants i New York Jets (NFL liga), New York Liberty (WNBA liga) te New York-New Jersey Metrostars (MLS liga). Popularni klubovi koji su prije igrali u New Yorku su New York Cosmos (NASL liga), New York Giants (danas San Francisco Giants) i Brooklyn Dodgers (danas Los Angeles Dodgers - MLB) i Brooklyn Americans(NHL)
Prema neoficijelnim procjenama u New Yorku živi između 15 i 20.000 bh. emigranata, a uglavnom su koncentrisani u zapadnom dijelu Queensa (četvrt Astoria), mada značajan broj živi na Manhattanu i u Brooklynu. Bh. emigracija u New Yorku se bavi cijelim nizom djelatnosti od ugostiteljstva do bankarstva i trgovine kao i drugim profesionalnim djelatnostima. Radi uskog urbanog područja, bh. dijaspora u New Yorku je relativno dobro uvezana sa velikim brojem značajnih društvenih organizacija kao i medijskih kuća. Ipak uticaj bh. dijaspore na društveno-politički razvoj grada je relativno malen s obzirom na ukupan broj stanovnika koji žive u New Yorku. Veliki broj bh. emigranata dolazi iz sarajevske i banjalučke regije kao i iz Bosanske krajinei Podrinja. Primjetan je i manji broj emigranata iz Hercegovine.