Vascular plants (from Latin vasculum: duct), also known as tracheophytes (from the equivalent Greek term trachea), form a large group of plants (c. 308,312 accepted known species) that are defined as land plants that have lignified tissues (the xylem) for conducting water and minerals throughout the plant.
Non-vascular plants include two distantly related groups: Bryophytes, an informal group that is now treated as three separate land plant Divisions, namely Bryophyta (mosses), Marchantiophyta (liverworts), and Anthocerotophyta (hornworts).
The vascular plants are set apart in two main ways: Vascular plants have vascular tissues, which circulate resources through the plant. This feature allows vascular plants to grow to a larger size than non-vascular plants, which lack these specialized conducting tissues and are therefore restricted to relatively small sizes.
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Although non-vascular plants do not have these tissues, some of them have other tissues for internal transport of water. Nonvascular plants have no roots, stems, or leaves. These structures always have some vascular tissue. Non-vascular groups. The term "non-vascular plant" is no longer used in biological classification. Non-vascular plants ...
- Non-vascular plants
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In modern vascular plants, the sporophyte is typically large, branched, nutritionally independent and long-lived, but there is increasing evidence that Paleozoic gametophytes were just as complex as the sporophytes. The gametophytes of all vascular plant groups evolved to become reduced in size and prominence in the life cycle.
Vascular tissue is a complex conducting tissue, formed of more than one cell type, found in vascular plants. The primary components of vascular tissue are the xylem and phloem. These two tissues transport fluid and nutrients internally. There are also two meristems associated with vascular tissue: the vascular cambium and the cork cambium.
Jul 16, 2018 · Due to the lack of vascular tissue, non-vascular plants typically remain close to the ground and are found in moist environments. They are dependent upon water to transport sperm for fertilization. The green body of a bryophyte is known as the thallus , and thin filaments, called rhizoids , help to keep the plant anchored in place.
In a vascular plant, the stele is the central part of the root or stem containing the tissues derived from the procambium. These include vascular tissue, in some cases ground tissue and a pericycle, which, if present, defines the outermost boundary of the stele.
A presença de um sistema vascular permite que a água e os nutrientes sob a forma de solutos inorgânicos sejam extraídos do solo pelas raízes e transportados por toda a planta pelo xilema. Compostos orgânicos, como a sacarose produzida pela fotossíntese nas folhas, são distribuídos através dos tubos crivados do floema.