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    Iceland is the world's 18th-largest island, and Europe's second-largest island after Great Britain. (The island of Ireland is third.) The main island covers 101,826 km 2 (39,315 sq mi), but the entire country is 103,000 km 2 (40,000 sq mi) in size, of which 62.7% is tundra.

  2. In geological terms, Iceland is a young island. It started to form in the Miocene era about 20 million years ago from a series of volcanic eruptions on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, where it lies between the North American and Eurasian plates. These plates spread at a rate of approximately 2.5 centimeters per year.

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    The first people who lived on Iceland are thought to have been Irish monks. They came to Iceland around the year 800. Iceland became a Christiannation in the year 1000 CE, when Christianity became the religion by law. In Icelandic, this event is known as the kristnitaka literally, "the taking of Christianity". In the 9th century, Norsemen went to l...

    Iceland has a multi-party system. Since the 2013 election, the center-right Independence Party and Progressive Party are the biggest political parties in Iceland. Other powerful parties in Iceland include the center-left Social Democratic Alliance and Left-Green Movement. See also: List of political parties in Iceland. Iceland is a representative d...

    Fishing and fish processing is the main economic activity in Iceland.Despite effort to diversify, particularly into the travel industry, seafood exports continue to account for nearly three-quarters of merchandise exports and approximately half of all foreign exchange earnings. Geothermal Energy produces the vast majority of Electrical Power consum...

    Iceland is very geologically active and combined with large amounts of rain and snow caused by the warm waters of the gulf stream current which flow toward it, many interesting and unusual geographic features have developed which make it different from any other island so close to the Arctic Circle. Some of these features are Iceland's numerous mou...

    Reykjavík is the capital city of Iceland. Reykjavík is also the most important port in Iceland. Other important towns in Iceland are Akureyri, Kópavogur, Hafnarfjörður, Keflavík, Seyðisfjörður and Vestmannaeyjar.

    "Iceland". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.
    Iceland at the Open Directory Project
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  4. May 21, 2022 · Islandia es la 18ª isla más grande del mundo y la segunda más grande de Europa, después de Gran Bretaña. La isla principal cuenta con 101 826 km², pero la superficie total del país asciende a 103 000 km², [. 1. ] un área similar a la de Cuba o Guatemala en América. El 62,7 % es tundra.

  5. › wiki › IcelandIceland - Wikipedia

    Iceland ( Icelandic: Ísland [ˈistlant]) is a Nordic island kintra in the North Atlantic, wi a population o 348,580 and an aurie o 103,000 km 2 (40,000 sq mi), makkin it the maist sparsely populatit kintra in Europe. The caipital an lairgest ceety is Reykjavík. Reykjavík an the surroondin auries in the soothwast o the kintra are hame tae ...

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