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  1. Pakistan - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Pakistan

    Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia.It is the world's fifth-most populous country with a population exceeding 225.2 million, and has the world's second-largest Muslim population.

    • Islamabad

      Islamabad (/ ɪ z ˈ l ɑː m ə b æ d /; Urdu: اسلام آباد ‎,...

    • Karachi

      Karachi is now Pakistan's premier industrial and financial...

  2. History of Pakistan - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › History_of_Pakistan

    When the state of Pakistan was formed in 1947, its two regions, East Pakistan (also called East Bengal) and West Pakistan, were split along cultural, geographical, and linguistic lines. On 23 February 1948, the Government of Pakistan ordained Urdu as the sole national language, sparking extensive protests among the Bengali-speaking majority of ...

  3. Pakistan - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Pakistan
    • Name, Flag and Anthem of Pakistan
    • Government and Politics
    • Economy
    • History
    • Geography and Climate
    • People
    • Sports
    • Related Pages

    The name Pakistan (English pronunciation: /ˈpækɪstæn/ (listen) or /pɑːkiˈstɑːn/ (listen); Urdu: پاکستان‎ [paːkɪˈst̪aːn]) means Land of (the) Spiritually Pure in both Urdu and Persian languages. Many South-central Asian states and regions end with the element -stan, such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Balochistan, Kurdistan, and Turkistan. This -stan is formed from the Iranian root *STA "to stand, stay," and means "place (where one stays), home, country". Iranian peoples have been the main inhabitants of the various land regions of the Ancient Persian Empires now owned by the states for over a thousand years. The names are compounds of -stan and the name of the peoples living there. Pakistan is a bit different; its name was coined on 28 January 1933 as Pakstan by Choudhary Rahmat Ali, a Pakistan Movement activist, who published it in his paper Now or Never. by using the suffix -istan from Balochistan preceded by the first letters of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir and Sindh. The name is actuall...

    Pakistan has a federal parliamentary system. The head of state is an indirectly-elected ceremonial President. The Electoral college of the country, (composed of the Senate, the National Assembly, and the four Provincial Assemblies) chooses a leadership representing the President of Pakistan for a five-year term. The president is also the Commander in Chief of the Joint Armed Forces. The head of government is the Prime Minister, who is also indirectly elected. The President's appointment and term are constitutionally independent of the Prime Minister’s term. The Prime Minister is usually the leader of the largest party in the National Assembly or of a coalition in the National Assembly. The Prime Minister is the head of government. Pakistan's legislature is made of a 100-member Senate (upper house) and a 342-member National Assembly (lower house). The Chief Justice of Pakistan is the chief judge who oversees the judicature's court system at all levels of command. On 17 August 2018 Ex...

    Pakistan has a semi-industrialized economy. The growth poles of the Pakistani economy are situated along the Indus River. Diversified economies of Karachi and Punjab's urban centres, coexist with less developed areas in other parts of the country.Despite being a very poor country in 1947, Pakistan's economic growth rate has been better than the global average during the following four decades, but incautious policies led to a slowdown in the late 1990s. Recently, large economic reforms have resulted in a stronger economic outlook and sped up growth especially in the manufacturing and financial services sectors. Since the 1990s, there has been great improvement in the foreign exchange market position and rapid growth in hard currencyreserves. The 2005 estimate of foreign debt was close to US$40 billion. However, this decreased with help from the International Monetary Fund and significant debt-relief from the United States. Pakistan's gross domestic product, as measured by purchasing...

    Pakistan became Independent in 1947 from the United Kingdom which was known as the British Raj. The first organised people in Ancient Pakistan lived 9000 years ago. These people were the ones who made up the Indus Valley Civilization, which is one of the oldest civilizations on Earth. After that, the Vedic period came. This also included parts of north-western Republic of India. Until 1971, Pakistan also included an area in the North-east India region. This is now called Bangladesh. It lost that area after a war with the Indian Army and the joint militant group of Indo-Bangladeshi alliance of Mitro Bahini of West Bengal. During recent times Pakistan has been in the centre of world politics. This is first because of its support to guerillas in Afghanistan, following a Soviet invasion 1979, and later during the 1990s because of its cooperation with and support for the Taliban regime in Afghanistan. However, since 2000 Pakistan has supported the West in their war against fundamentalist...

    There are many earthquakes in the area. The earthquake in 2005 with its earthquake center in Kashmiris the strongest recorded so far. Over 100,000 people were killed or wounded on 8 October 2005. Pakistan covers 880,940 km2 (340,130 sq mi), roughly similar to the combined land areas of France and the UK. Its eastern regions are located on the Indian plate and the western and northern regions on the Iranian plateau and Eurasian landplate. Apart from the 1,046 km (650 mi) Arabian Sea coastline, Pakistan's land borders total 6,774 km (4,209 mi)—2,430 km (1,510 mi) with Afghanistan to the northwest, 523 km (325 mi) with China to the northeast, 2,912 km (1,809 mi) with India to the south and east, and 909 km (565 mi) with Iranto the southwest. The northern and western highlands of Pakistan contain the towering Karakoram and Pamir mountain ranges, which include some of the world's highest peaks, including K2 8,611 m (28,251 ft) and Nanga Parbat 8,126 m (26,660 ft). The Balochistan Plateau...

    Languages

    Urdu is replacing English as the national language of the country. English is still spoken among the Pakistani elite and in most government ministries. Many people also speak Saraiki, Punjabi, Hindko, Pashto, Sindhi, Balochi, Brahui and Khowar. Shina is also one of the regional languages of Pakistan. It is spoken in Gilgit-Baltistan.

    Religion

    Most (97%) of the people are Muslim.[source?] Most of the Muslims in Pakistan are Sunni Muslims (>90%) and some are Shia Muslims (5%). However a few minority groups exist. Pakistan also has some Christian, Hindu, Sikh, Zoroastrians and animist minority groups in the northernparts of the country. After the split from British India, Hinduism had much less importance in the newly created state of Pakistan, but has played an important role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its...

    Poverty

    Poverty in Pakistan is a growing concern. Although the middle-class has grown in Pakistan, nearly one-quarter of the population is classified poor as of October 2006.

    The national sport of Pakistan is field hockey, although cricket is the most popular game across the country. The national cricket team has won the Cricket World Cup once (in 1992), were runners-up once (in 1999), and co-hosted the games twice (in 1987 and 1996). Pakistan were runners-up in the inaugural 2007 ICC World Twenty20 held in South Africa and were the champions at the 2009 ICC World Twenty20 held in England. The team also won two Asia Cups in 2000 and 2012. Lately however, Pakistani cricket has suffered heavily due to teams refusing to tour Pakistan after militants attacked the touring Sri Lankan team in March 2009, after which no international cricket was played until May 2015, when the Zimbabwean team agreed to tour. However, now, with increased security, the Sri Lankan cricket teamcame for a tour as recently as 2019. In addition to sports like field hockey, cricket, squash rackets, football and others, Pakistanis are also very keen on equestrianism of various types,and...

  4. Pakistan - Wikipedia

    sco.wikipedia.org › wiki › Pakistan
    • History
    • Leids
    • Religion
    • Education
    • Notes
    • References

    Pakistan was whiles part of the British Empirebut became independent in 1947 on 14th August, along with India. After than it had an existence as a independent state, tho fowk haes bid thare syne the seventeen year thousand BC. Ane o the world's oldest cities, Moenjo-Daro, wis in Pakistan. In 1947, after many years of campaigning, Pakistan and India war unthirlt frae Breetain. Pakistan wis creatit as the kintra for the Muslims, an Indae for the Hindus. This o coorse left the problem o whaur the Christians, Jews, Buddhists etc. wis tae bide, an thair places in the twa kintras haes been a problem tae the day. The kintra that's cried Bangladeshthe nou wis whiles pairt o Pakistan (cried East Pakistan) til it became independent in 1971.

    The heidmaist leid o Pakistan is Urdu. Anerly aboot 10% o Pakistani's haes it as thair mither tongue, but it haes acome Pakistan's lingua franca an aw edicate Pakistanis haes it fluent. The ae ither naitional offeecial leid is English, but ilkane o the provinces haes offeecial leids forby thon, sic as Punjabi, Pushtu, Sindhian sae on. Punjabi haes the maist native speakers, aboot 44% o the kintra's indwallers. Mair nor aichty leids an byleids is spak in Pakistan. Some is spak bi gey few fowk, sic as Aer thatin 1998 haed anerly 100-200 speakers, while maist haes a wheen mair. Maist Pakistanis haes at least twa leids, an ken o fower or mair isna byordinar.

    Pakistan was first as a state for the Muslim state of the Indian sub-continent, it isna supreesin that the feck o fowk in Pakistan (96%) is Muslims, (spleet atween awmaist 77% Sunni an 20% Shi'a). The lave is Muslims Christian, Jewish, Buddhism an a taut is Anamist, maistly o the Kalash fowk in the Nor' o the kintra.

    Anerly 53% o Pakistan's indwallers is leeterate. Eddication stairts at the eild o five, tho mony stairtna schuil ava. Thare is, forby state schuils, Islamic schuils cried madrassas in Pakistan that haes been creeticised for upbiggin fundamentalist Islamic support in the kintra, an as an affcome biggin up support for terrorism. Aboot 7.5% o childer in the Nor' Wast Frontier Province is jaloused tae be eddicatit in madrassas. Thare's modren varsities in Pakistan, as weel as mony airmy colleges that offers trainin for offishers an siclike.

    ↑ "Includes data for Pakistani territories of Kashmir; Azad Kashmir (13,297 km2 or 5,134 sq mi) and Gilgit–Baltistan (72,520 km2 or 28,000 sq mi). Excluding these territories would produce an area...

    ↑ James Minahan (23 December 2009). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems [2 Volumes]. ABC-CLIO. p. 141. ISBN 978-0-313-34497-8.
    ↑ "The State Emblem". Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of Pakistan. Archived frae the original on 1 Julie 2007. Retrieved 18 December 2013. Archived 2007-07-01 at the Wayback Ma...
    ↑ "National Symbols and Things of Pakistan". Government of Pakistan. Archived frae the original on 13 Apryle 2014. Retrieved 27 Mey 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
    ↑ "SC orders immediate implementation of Urdu as official language". The Express Tribune. 7 September 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
    • Urdu
    • 96.4% Islam (Offeecial), 3.6% ithers
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  6. Pakistan - Wikipedia

    war.wikipedia.org › wiki › Pakistan

    Pakistan Archived 2012-08-29 at the Wayback Machine. from UCB Libraries GovPubs; Pakistan ngada ha Open Directory Project; Pakistan from the BBC News; Pakistan at Encyclopædia Britannica; Wikimedia Atlas han Pakistan; Key Development Forecasts for Pakistan from International Futures; Population Of Pakistan Archived 2014-07-02 at the Wayback ...

  7. Economy of Pakistan - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Economy_of_Pakistan
    • Overview
    • Economic history
    • Data
    • Currency system
    • Structure of economy
    • Major sectors

    The economy of Pakistan is the 22nd largest in the world in terms of purchasing power parity, and 45th largest in terms of nominal gross domestic product. Pakistan has a population of over 220 million, giving it a nominal GDP per capita of $1,543 in 2020-21, which ranks 154th in the world and giving it a PPP GDP per capita of $5,839 in 2019, which ranks 132nd in the world for 2019. However, Pakistan's undocumented economy is estimated to be 36% of its overall economy, which is not taken into con

    Pakistan was a middle class and predominantly agricultural country when it gained independence in 1947 as a result of partition of India by the departing British. Pakistan's average economic growth rate in the first five decades has been higher than the growth rate of the world e

    In 2016, the Atlantic Media Company of the United States has ranked Pakistan as a relatively stronger economy in the South Asian markets and expected that it will grow rapidly during days ahead. AMC said that during the period January–July this year, Indian 100 point index ...

    the Pakistan's economy has been characterised as unstable and highly vulnerable to external and internal shocks. However, the economy proved to be unexpectedly resilient in the face of multiple adverse events concentrated into a four-year period — 1. the Asian financial ...

    These are the economic indicators of Pakistan from Fiscal Year 2004 to 2020.

    The basic unit of currency is the Rupee, ISO code PKR and abbreviated Rs, which is divided into 100 paisas. Currently the newly printed 5,000 rupee note is the largest denomination in circulation. Recently the SBP has introduced all new design notes of Rs. 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1

    The Pakistani rupee depreciated against the US dollar until around the start of the 21st century, when Pakistan's large current-account surplus pushed the value of the rupee up versus the dollar. Pakistan's central bank then stabilised by lowering interest rates and buying dollar

    Pakistan maintains foreign reserves with State Bank of Pakistan. The currency of the reserves was solely US dollar incurring speculated losses after the dollar prices fell during 2005, forcing the then Governor SBP Ishrat Hussain to step down. In the same year the SBP issued an o

    Agriculture accounted for about 53% of GDP in 1947. While per-capita agricultural output has grown since then, it has been outpaced by the growth of the non-agricultural sectors, and the share of agriculture has dropped to roughly one-fifth of Pakistan's economy. In recent years, the country has seen rapid growth in industries and services.

    Pakistan's service sector accounts for about 60.2% of GDP. Transport, storage, communications, finance, and insurance account for 24% of this sector, and wholesale and retail trade about 30%. Pakistan is trying to promote the information industry and other modern service industri

    • ₨100 (62¢ US) (Jan 2021)
    • ECO, SAFTA, WTO, and others
  8. Pakistan - Wikipedia

    hif.wikipedia.org › wiki › Pakistan
    • Political Divisions
    • Geography
    • Notes
    • Tourism
    • Demography
    • Zuban

    Pakistan aik democratic country ha or yaha py Parliamentary system nafiz ul Aml ha jis system ma waeer e azam srbrah e hukmt or Sadar srbrah e mamlikt hota ha. Pakistan me 4 provinces,Territories or special administrative areas Govt FATA ,PATA, Shamali waziristan. Pakistan ka 27 divisions hain or 111 Districtshain. District ka under Tehsil and union council hain. Provinces: 1. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa(NWFP) 2. Punjab 3. Sindh 4. Balochistan Territories: 1. Islamabad Capital Territory 2. Federally Administered Tribal Areas Special Areas: 1. Northern Areas(FATA) 2. Raqbay ka lihaz sa Balochistan Pakistan ka sb sa bara soba(Province) ha or abadi ka lihaz sa Panjab sab sa bar soba (Province) ha.Pakistan ka log (People) Jaga (Places) apni apni jaga pa munfarid hain or puri dunyia main mashoorhain.

    Geography ka lihaz sa pakistan ma Pahari,Mahdani or sharai elaqy shamil hain, Pahari silsaly m sakht patherily pahar be shamil ha. Pahari silsaly ma Dunyia ke 2sri bari Choti K2 pakistan ma ha. Pahari silsaly m ko-e-suliman be shamil ha, duniya ka 7van bra Ajooba shahray Qaraqrum Pakistan Main ha, ya shahra pakistn ka pahari silsaly s hoti hua china ko jati ha, Season (mohsam) ka lihaz sa Pakistan main 4 season aty ha Mohsam Garma, Mohsam sarma, Mohsam Bahar or Mohsam Khazan.Pakistan ka north main Kaghan Naran jalkhad Kashmir Gilgit wqia ha jin ma aksar barf bari sa dahkay rahty ha.

    1958 se 1973 talak koi bhi Prime Minister nai rahaa, Martial Law ke kaaran.
    5 July 1977 se 24 March 1985 talak fir se martial law ke kaaran koi P.M. nai rahaa..
    9 June 1988 se 17 August 1988 talak P.M. fir se koi nai rahaa
    12 October 1999, ke Pervez Musharraf, Nawaz Sharifke hatae ke apne se Chief Executive ban ais.

    Pakistan me dher uncha uncha pahaarr hae jismr tourist log aae ke charrhe hae. K2 mountain, jon ki dunia me duusra sab se uuncha pahaarr hae bhi Pakistan me hae. Jab k Sindh me Mohan Jo Daro Umar kot , Rani kot , Makli hills or us pass qaberstan . swat , hunza, Gilgit Lahore bhot mashor jgha h tourist ke leye .

    Pakistan ke 96.4% log Muslim hai. Pakistan me Isaaii, Hindu aur Animist log bhi hae. Fijime bhi 50 Pakistani rahe hai. Is kay ilawa wo bhi log hae jo india partition say pelay yahan aaya hae.

    Urdu, Pakistan ke official Zuban hae lekin bahut kamti log ke mother tongue Urdu hae. Bahz log Hindko,Punjabi, Sindhi, Pushto or Balochi me baat kare hae. Punjabi, Punjab ke provincial bhasa, Pashto or Hindko NWFP (khaber pakhtoon khawa ke, Sindhi, Sindh aur Balochi, Balochistan ke provinicial Zubanain Hain. Niche ke suchi me Pakistan ke khaas Zubanain hae. 1. Punjabi (40%) 2. Sindhi (10%) 3. Pashto (7%) 4. Seraiki (7%) 5. Hindko (2.5% 6. Urdu (35%) 7. Balochi (1.5%) 8. Dusri Zubanain (rehne wala %) Duusra Zuban me hain Hindko Aer, Badeshi, Bagri, Balti, Bateri, Bhaya, Brahui, Burushaski, Chilisso, Dameli, Dehwari, Dhatki, Domaaki, Farsi (Dari), Gawar-Bati, Ghera, Goaria, Gowro, Gujarati, Gujari, Gurgula, Hazaragi, Jadgali, Jandavra, Kabutra, Kachchi (Kutchi), Kalami, Kalasha, Kalkoti, Kamviri, Kashmiri, Kati, Khetrani, Khowar, Indus Kohistani, Koli (three varieties), Lasi, Loarki, Marwari, Memoni, Od, Ormuri, Pahari-Potwari, Pakistan Sign Language, Palula (Phalura), Sansi, Savi, Sh...

    • Urdu
    • Islamic Republic, -, [Arif alvi ]], Imran khan
  9. Pakistan - Wikipedia

    sh.wikipedia.org › wiki › Pakistan
    • Etimologija
    • Historija
    • Geografija
    • Politika
    • Politička Podjela Države
    • Stanovništvo
    • Gospodarstvo
    • Infrastruktura
    • Obrazovanje
    • Kultura

    Porijeklo imena „Pakistan“ nije potpuno jasno. Na perzijskom i urdskom ime zemlje znači „Zemlja čistih“. Choudhary Rahmat Ali, zagovornik muslimanske države na potkontinentu i tvorac imena zemlje, u svom djelu „Sad ili nikad“ objavljenom 28. siječnja 1933., daje drugačije značenje imenu zemlje. On ga objašnjava kao akronim za akronim područja u kojima žive sjevernoindijski muslimani- Pandžab, Afganija (današnja Sjeverozapadna pogranična pokrajina), Kašmir, Sindh i Beludžistan. Kasnije je zbog lakšeg izgovora dodano slovo „i“. Kao početno slovo riječi „islam“, ovo slovo može naglašavati važnost religije u prvoj islamskoj republici na svijetu, također može i naglašavati važnost rijeke Ind, koja je najvažnija rijeka u Pakistanu.

    Regionalna historija do 1947.

    Iako područje današnjeg Pakistana nikad nije bilo država pod tim imenom sve do nezavisnosti 1947. već dio mnogih državnih tvorevina osvajača s Iranske visoravni i Indijskog potkontinenta, na ovom području se razvila jedna od najranijih svjetskih civilizacija. Indska civilizacija imala je razvijenu poljoprivredu, trgovinu, građevinarstvo i znanost, a koristila je dosad nedešifrirano indsko pismo. Ova civilizacija datira iz sredine 3. milenija pne., a nestala je oko 1800. pne. iz danas još nepo...

    Historija nastanka Pakistana

    Indijski pokret za nezavisnost počeo je djelovati od 1885. godine, stvaranjem Indijskog nacionalnog kongresa. Uz većinom hinduistički kongres, 1906. godine je stvorena i Muslimanska liga. Njen vođa Muhamed Ali Džina uz potporu indijskih muslimana počinje zahtjevati zasebnu državu, ali svi pokušaji kompromisa s kongresom propadaju. Iako je veliki dio muslimanskog stanovništvo podupro ovu ideju, većina Paštunaca je bila za ujedinjenu Indiju ili za priključenje paštunskih područja Afganistanu. L...

    Pakistan se proteže između 24. i 37. sjeverne geografske širine, te između 61. i 77. istočne geografske dužine na površini od 796.095 km² čime je deveta po veličini država u Aziji. Ako se uključe Azad Kašmir i Sjeverna područja, država ima površinu od 880.254 km² što je površina koja je otprilike 3,5 puta veća od bivše Jugoslavije. Graniči s četiri nezavisne države: Iranom na jugozapadu, Afganistanom na sjeverozapadu, Kinom na sjeveroistoku i Indijom na istoku. Na jugu Pakistan ima 1046 km dugu obalu na Arapskom moru.

    Od nezavisnosti je političku situaciju u zemlji karakterizirala nestabilnost. Kratka demokratska razdoblja su uvijek prekidali vojni udari. Vojska je vladala zemljom od 1958. do 1971., od 1977. do 1988., te ponovno od 1999. godine. U nekim dijelovima zapadnog Pakistana gdje postoji feudalna i plemenska organizacija znatno je smanjen utjecaj države. To je posebno istaknuto u područjima gdje se nalaze paštunska plemena i u pograničnom području Waziristana pod talibanskom kontrolom u Plemenskim područjima pod federalnom upravom gdje službeni Islamabad praktički više nema utjecaja. Slična je situacija i u nekim dijelovima Balučistana i Sjeverozapadne pogranične pokrajine gdje puno veći utjecaj imaju plemenske vođe i veleposjednici. Država ima najveći utjecaj u gusto naseljenim pokrajinama Pandžab i Sindh. Korupcija u državi je raširena skoro na svim razinama uprave. Prema međunarodnom indeksu korupcije Transparency Internationala za 2006. godinu, Pakistan se nalazi na 142. mjestu, prema...

    Pakistan je nakon ustava iz 1973. federalna država. Podijeljen je na četiri pokrajine, a to su: Balučistan, Sjeverozapadna pogranična pokrajina, Pandžab i Sindhod kojih svaka ima vlastitu pokrajinsku skupštinu čije članove narod bira na pet godina. Na čelu pokrajinske vlade nalazi se čelnik stranke s najvećim brojem zastupnika u pokrajinskoj skupštini. Teritorij glavnoga grada Islamabada i Plemenska područja pod federalnom upravom na granici s Afganistanom su pod izravnom upravom središnje vlasti, kao i Sjeverna područja u Kašmiru pod pakistanskom okupacijom. Autonomno područje Azad Kašmirima vlastitu zakonodavnu skupštinu, premijera i predsjednika. Svaka teritorijalna jedinica je podijeljena u okruge. Teritorij glavnoga grada čini samo jedan jedini okrug. Sveukupno u Pakistanu postoji 119 okruga, od kojih su 14 u okupiranom području Kašmira. Jedina iznimka su Plemenska područja pod federalnom upravom.

    Trendovi

    Po popisu stanovništva iz 1998. godine, zemlja je imalo 132 milijuna stanovnika (isključujući okupirana područja Kašmira gdje živi oko četiri milijuna ljudi), u srpnju 2006. godine, ovaj broj se popeo na 166 milijuna, što uključuje kontrolirana područja Kašmira. Po tome je Pakistan šesta zemlja svijeta po broju stanovnika, poslije Kine, Indije, SAD-a, Indonezije i Brazila. Gustoća stanovništva od 188 stanovnika/km² slična je Italiji. Ipak, stanovništvo je vrlo nejednako naseljeno diljem zemlj...

    Etnički sastav

    Pakistan je višenarodna država. Više od tri četvrtine stanovništva zemlje su indoarijskog podrijetla. Daleko najveća etnička skupina od ove grupe su Pandžapci s udjelom od preko 40 % u stanovništvu, a slijede ih Sindhi s 14 % i Saraiki s 10 % koji žive u južnom Pandžabu. Poseban položaj zauzimaju muhadžiri s udjelom od sedam do osam posto u stanovništvu. Oni su jedna od posljedica podjele Britanske Indije1947. godine, kad su brojni sjevernoindijski muslimani izbjegli u Pakistan. Za razliku od...

    Jezici

    U Pakistanu se govori više od 50 jezika. Ti jezici obično odgovaraju etničkoj podjeli zemlje. Službeni jezici su urdski i engleski. Dok se engleski koristi većinom u državne, poslovne i obrazovne svrhe, urdski je jezik općeg sporazumijevanja u zemlji. Ovaj nacionalni jezik iznimno je sličan hindiju, glavnom nacionalnom jeziku Indije, a razlikuje se većinom po posuđenicama iz perzijskog i arapskog, te po pismu (inačici arapskog pisma). Kao materinski jezik urdski govori sedam do osam posto sta...

    U Pakistanu vlada tržišno gospodarstvo. Sva velika industrijska poduzeća koja su nacionalizirana u 1970-ima su postupno reprivatizirana od 1990-ih. Nakon velikog usporenja rasta gospodarstva koji se dogodio kao rezultat vojnog udara 1999. godine, pakistansko gospodarstvo od 2002. bilježi snažan rast. U razdoblju godine 2005./2006. taj je rast bio 6,6 posto. Ukupni bruto domaći proizvod 2005. godine je po Svjetskoj banci bio oko 110 milijardi USD. Godišnji prihod po stanovniku je još nizak i iznosi 700 USD. Pakistansko gospodarstvo najviše narušava raširena korupcija, nedostatak infrastrukture u pojedinim dijelovima zemlje i nestabilna politička situacija koja otežava strane investicije. Inflacija je poprilično visoka (2005./2006. je bila 7,9%), kao i budžetski deficiti koji iznosi 4,2%.

    Cestovni promet

    Iako se pakistanska cestovna mreža u trenutku stjecanja neovisnosti sastojala većinom od neasfaltiranih cesta, brzo je razvijena i danas se 92% svih prijevoza roba i ljudi obavlja cestovnim prometom. Cestovna mreža velika je 254.000 kilometara, od čega je 60% asfaltirano. Oko 8 000 kilometara nacionalnih autocesta (National Highways) povezuje sve dijelove zemlje i sve veće gradove. Ovim snažno prometno opterećenim autocestama upravlja National Highway Authority (NHA). U zemlji postoje još i č...

    Željeznički promet

    Prva željeznička pruga na području današnjeg Pakistana otvorena je 13. svibnja 1861. između Karačija i Kotrija. Danas državno željezničko poduzeće Pakistan Railways zapošljava oko 90 000 radnika i godišnje preveze oko 70 milijuna putnika na 7 791 kilometara pruge. Elektrificirano je samo 293 km pruge (od Lahorea do Khanewala kod Multana) što čini manje od 4% sveukupne željezničke mreže. Željeznička mreža je većinom koncentrirana u gusto naseljenim pokrajinama Pandžab i Sindh, dok željeznička...

    Zračni promet

    Tri glavne međunarodne zračne luke u Pakistanu su Karači (Jinnah International Airport), Lahore (Allama Iqbal International Airport) i Islamabad (Islamabad International Airport). Veze s zaljevskim državama gdje radi veliki broj pakistanskih radnika imaju i manje zračne luke kao Faisalabad, Gwadar, Multan, Pešavar i Quetta. U zemlji postoji veliki broj regionalnih zračnih luka, čak i u vrlo izdvojenim dijelovima zemlje. Nacionalni zračni prijevoznik Pakistan International Airlines(PIA) dugo j...

    Iako je od nezavisnosti postignut napredak u obrazovnom sistemu, stopa nepismenosti u Pakistanu koja je oko 50% je jedna od najviših u Aziji. Ta stopa kod muškaraca iznosi 37%, dok je od žena nepismeno čak 64% (stanje 2004.). Pakistanska vlada je 2005./2006. godine davala 2,1% BDP-a u obrazovne svrhe, što je najmanje od svih zemalja u južnoj Aziji. Do danas ne postoji obvezni školski program. Jedino je u Pandžabu osnovna škola obvezna po zakonu iz 1994. godine.

    U trenutku osnivanja 1947. godine, Pakistan je zamišljen kao muslimanska država na indijskom potkontinentu. Od odvajanja Istočnog Pakistana (Bangladeša) 1971. godine, Pakistan više nije bio dom većini muslimanskog stanovništva u tom dijelu svijeta, nego manjem dijelu od 400 milijuna muslimana koji žive na potkontinentu. Osim religije, stanovništvo Pakistana nema zajedničku povijest, jezik, političku ideologiju ni jaki osjećaj zajedništva, te je zbog toga teško stvoriti jedinstven identitet zemlje. Zbog toga je teško definirati „pakistansku kulturu“. Ona obuhvaća sav kulturni razvoj zemlje od nezavisnosti ili predstavlja skup svih kultura Pakistana unutar granica zemlje. U prvom slučaju pakistanska kultura bila bi stara samo 60-ak godina. U drugom slučaju ona bi obuhvaćala kulture svih naroda koji danas žive u državi, ali današnje granice Pakistana presijecaju nekoliko kulturnih regija. Četiri od pet najmnogoljudnijih naroda u Pakistanu- Pandžabi, Paštunci, Baluči i stanovništvo koje...

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  10. Balochistan, Pakistan - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Balochistan,_Pakistan

    Balochistan is situated in the southwest of Pakistan and covers an area of 347,190 square kilometres (134,050 sq mi). It is Pakistan's largest province by area, constituting 44% of Pakistan's total land mass.

    • 347,190 km² (134,050 sq mi)
    • Pakistan
    • 1st
    • PK-BA
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