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    What are the benefits of GM crops?

    Which crops are GMO?

    What are the advantages and disadvantages of genetically modified plants?

    Should we grow GM crops?

  2. Genetically modified crops - Wikipedia

    Genetically modified crops (GM crops) are plants used in agriculture, the DNA of which has been modified using genetic engineering methods. Plant genomes can be engineered by physical methods or by use of Agrobacterium for the delivery of sequences hosted in T-DNA binary vectors.

  3. Genetically Modified Crops - Federation of American Scientists

    Genetically Modified (GM) crops offer improved yields, enhanced nutritional value, longer shelf life, and resistance to drought, frost, or insect pests. Examples of GM crops include corn varieties containing a gene for a bacterial pesticide that kills larval pests, and soybeans with an inserted gene that renders them resistant to weed-killers such as Roundup.

    • What is genetically modified food? - BBC What's New?
    • Science Of Genetically Modified Crops
    • Genetically modified crops (gmo foods)
    • Are GMOs Good or Bad? Genetic Engineering & Our Food
  4. List of genetically modified crops - Wikipedia

    Genetically modified crops are plants used in agriculture, the DNA of which has been modified using genetic engineering techniques. In most cases, the aim is to introduce a new trait to the plant which does not occur naturally in the species.

  5. Genetically Modified (GM) Crops: Techniques and Applications ...

    GM crops were first introduced in the U.S. in the mid-1990s. Most current GM crops grown in the U.S. are engineered for insect resistance or herbicide tolerance. Corn, soybeans, and cotton are the three largest acreage GM crops. GM crops grown in Colorado include corn, alfalfa, sugar beet, soybeans, and canola.

  6. What Crops are Genetically Modified? - The Farmer's Daughter USA

    Jan 11, 2017 · There are currently only 10 genetically modified crops, which I have listed in the graphic below. Of course, just because there are some GMO zucchini, or summer squash, does not mean that all zucchini is genetically modified (actually, GMO zucchini are somewhat rare).

  7. What are GM crops and how is it done? | Royal Society
    • Causes
    • Characteristics
    • Genetics
    • Production
    • Variations

    GM is a technology that involves inserting DNA into the genome of an organism. To produce a GM plant, new DNA is transferred into plant cells. Usually, the cells are then grown in tissue culture where they develop into plants. The seeds produced by these plants will inherit the new DNA.

    The characteristics of all living organisms are determined by their genetic makeup and its interaction with the environment. The genetic makeup of an organism is its genome, which in all plants and animals is made of DNA. The genome contains genes, regions of DNA that usually carry the instructions for making proteins. It is these proteins that give the plant its characteristics. For example, the colour of flowers is determined by genes that carry the instructions for making proteins involved in producing the pigments that colour petals.

    Genetic modification of plants involves adding a specific stretch of DNA into the plants genome, giving it new or different characteristics. This could include changing the way the plant grows, or making it resistant to a particular disease. The new DNA becomes part of the GM plants genome which the seeds produced by these plants will contain.

    The first stage in making a GM plant requires transfer of DNA into a plant cell. One of the methods used to transfer DNA is to coat the surface of small metal particles with the relevant DNA fragment, and bombard the particles into the plant cells. Another method is to use a bacterium or virus. There are many viruses and bacteria that transfer their DNA into a host cell as a normal part of their life cycle. For GM plants, the bacterium most frequently used is called Agrobacterium tumefaciens. The gene of interest is transferred into the bacterium and the bacterial cells then transfer the new DNA to the genome of the plant cells. The plant cells that have successfully taken up the DNA are then grown to create a new plant. This is possible because individual plant cells have an impressive capacity to generate entire plants. On rare occasions, the process of DNA transfer can happen without deliberate human intervention. For example the sweet potato contains DNA sequences that were transferred thousands of years ago, from Agrobacterium bacteria into the sweet potato genome.

    There are other ways to change the genomes of crops, some of which are long established, such as mutational breeding, and others of which are new, such as genome editing, but in this Q&A we are focusing on GM as it is currently usually defined for regulatory purposes in Europe.

  8. GMO Crops, Animal Food, and Beyond | FDA

    Only a few types of GMO crops are grown in the United States, but some of these GMOs make up a large percentage of the crop grown (e.g., soybeans, corn, sugar beets, canola, and cotton).. In 2018 ...

  9. Top 7 Genetically Modified Crops | HuffPost

    Dec 30, 2012 · Top 7 Genetically Modified Crops 10/30/2012 05:05 pm ET Updated Dec 30, 2012 Transgenic soy plants are seen in a field near Santa Fe city, some 500 Km northwest of Buenos Aires, Argentina, on April 10, 2012.

    • Margie Kelly
  10. GMOs: Pros and Cons, Backed by Evidence

    Jul 02, 2020 · For starters, many GMO crops have been genetically modified to express a gene that protects them against pests and insects. For example, the Bt gene is commonly genetically engineered into crops...

  11. GMOs — Top five concerns for family farmers – Farm Aid
    • Concentration & Corporate Power
    • Contamination & Economic Loss
    • Superweeds & Superpests
    • Biodiversity
    • Patents

    Since the commercial introduction of GMOs, the seed industry has rapidly consolidated. Today, just four companies control almost 60% of the seed market. For certain crops, the market is even more concentrated. The “big four” seed companies – Monsanto, DuPont, Syngenta and Dow – own 80% of the corn and 70% of the soybean market.This concentration has made a huge dent in farmers’ pockets. USDA data show that the per-acre cost of soybean and corn seed spiked dramatically between 1995 and 2014, b...

    GMO contamination is well documented. According to the International Journal of Food Contamination, almost 400 cases of GMO contamination occurred between 1997 and 2013 in 63 countries. Part of the problem is the very nature of nature. Many plants are pollinated by insects, birds or wind, allowing pollen from a GMO plant to move to neighboring fields or into the wild. This “genetic drift” illustrates the enormous difficulty in containing GMO technology. Not only is genetic drift impossible to...

    GMO agriculture has led to superweeds and superpests that are extraordinarily difficult for farmers to manage.Farmers affected by resistant pests must revert to older and more toxic chemicals, more labor or more intensive tillage, which overshadow the promised benefits of GMO technology.Of particular concern is the overuse of glyphosate, a broad-spectrum herbicide commercially found in Monsanto’s Roundup, used with seeds engineered to withstand its application. Between 1996 and 2011, U.S. her...

    Perhaps the best-known event illustrating the importance of genetic diversity in agriculture is the Irish potato famine. In the 1800s, much of the Irish population depended on the “lumper” potato almost exclusively for their diet. The country was a veritable monoculture – a great vulnerability that revealed itself when blight spread rapidly through the countryside, devastating the crop, the Irish population and its economy.Lessons from the Great Famine should be heeded. The prevalence of GMOs...

    It wasn’t until the 1980s that GMOs could be patented, but patents are now key to furthering the power and profits of biotech companies.Farmers who buy GMO seeds must pay licensing fees and sign contracts that dictate how they can grow the crop – and even allow seed companies to inspect their farms. GMO seeds are expensive and farmers must buy them each year or else be liable for patent infringement. And while contamination can happen through no fault of their own, farmers have been sued for...

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