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    Ogedei Khan
  1. › wiki › Ögedei_KhanÖgedei Khan - Wikipedia

    Ögedei was the third son of Genghis Khan and Börte Ujin. He participated in the turbulent events of his father's rise. When Ögedei was 17 years old, Genghis Khan experienced the disastrous defeat of Khalakhaljid Sands against the army of Jamukha. Ögedei was heavily wounded and lost on the battlefield. [7]

    • Early Life & Succession
    • Government Apparatus
    • Karakorum
    • Expanding The Empire
    • Death & Legacy

    Ogedei was born, c. 1186, the third son of Genghis Khan, the founder of the Mongol Empire. He had three brothers: Jochi, Chagatai (Chaghadai) and Tolui (Tului). Like them, Ogedei assisted his father on several military campaigns, notably against the Khwarazm Empire from 1219 to 1225. Before he died of natural causes in 1227, Genghis Khan had instru...

    Ogedei Khan had an immediate problem in the first years of his reign in that his state treasury was empty and his followers and armies needed booty to reward them for their loyalty and keep them together. One solution was for Ogedei to impose taxes on the peoples his father had conquered. This idea is traditionally credited to Yelu Chucai (1190-124...

    The Mongol Empire urgently needed a capital city where revenue could be accumulated and some attempt at a centralised government could be made. In short, the nomadic Mongols needed to make themselves a lot more stationary and put down some permanent roots. Ogedei began this process by ordering the building of a walled capital in 1235. The place was...

    The Mongol armies under Genghis Khan had been tremendously successful but occupation had not been attempted in most of the conquered territories. For this reason, Ogedei needed to send troops back to extract tribute in such places as Persia, Afghanistan, and Siberia. The priority, though, remained their old foe the Jin state in northeast China, sti...

    On 11 December 1241 Ogedei, having laid down the foundations for a governable empire that now spanned the whole of Asia, died at the age of 56, perhaps from a stroke or organ failure, although there were rumours, too, of poisoning. He was succeeded by his son Guyuk in 1246 after a brief stint as regent by Ogedei's wife Toregene. Ogedei's own choice...

    • Mark Cartwright
    • Publishing Director
    • Background
    • Ascendancy to Supreme Khan
    • Aftermath of Ögedei's Death
    • Legacy
    • References

    Ögedei was the third son of Genghis Khan, and was considered to be his father's favorite son, ever since his childhood. As an adult Ögedei was known for his ability to sway doubters in any debate in which he was involved, simply by the force of his personality. He was a physically big, jovial, and very charismatic man, who seemed mostly to be inter...

    He was elected supreme khan in 1229, at the kurultai(meeting) held after Genghis' death, although this was never really in doubt as it was Genghis' clear wish that he be succeeded by Ögedei. His charisma is partially credited for his success in keeping the Empire on his father's path. Thanks mostly to the organization left behind by Genghis Khan, a...

    Ögedei's death in 1241 brought the Mongol invasion of Europe to a premature end. The commanders heard the news as they were advancing on Vienna, and withdrew for the Ikh kurultai in Mongolia, never again to return so far west. His son Güyük Khan eventually succeeded him after the five-year regency of his widow Töregene Khatun. But Batu Khan, Khan o...

    Ögedei Khan helped to consolidate the Mongol Empire, which did much to link communities and peoples that previously had little or no contact. This period has been described as the Pax Mongolia. In particular, he opened up communication between East and West. On the one hand, Europeans saw the Mongols as a threat, although Europeans in the West appe...

    Amitai-Preiss, Reuven. 1998. The Mamluk-Ilkhanid War. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521462266.
    Chambers, James. 1979. The Devil's Horsemen: The Mongol Invasion of Europe. New York: Atheneum. ISBN 9780689109423.
    Hildinger, Eric. 1997. Warriors of the Steppe: A Military History of Central Asia, 500 B.C.E. to A.D. 1700. New York: Sarpedon. ISBN 9781885119438.
    Morgan, David. 1986. The Mongols. New York: Blackwell. ISBN 9780631135562.
  2. Ogedei Khan was born around 1186 as the third son of Genghis Khan. His mother was Borte Khatun, Genghis Khan’s first wife. Ogedei is said to have been his father’s favorite son, though his designation as heir to the throne was made partially due to a feud between his two older brothers, Jochi and Chagatai. Genghis Khan with three of his four sons.

  3. Ogedei Khan was the third son of Genghis Khan and the second Khagan (‘Great Khan’) of the Mongol Empire. During Ogedei's reign, the Mongols defeated their long-time rivals from the Jin dynasty and waged war against the Southern Song. The Mongols had also launched their first campaigns against Korea around that time.

  4. Ögödei, also spelled Ogadai, Ogdai, or Ugedei, (born 1185, Mongolia—died 1241, Karakorum, Mongolia), son and successor of the Mongol ruler Genghis Khan (d. 1227), who greatly expanded the Mongol Empire. The third son of Genghis, Ögödei succeeded his father in 1229.

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