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  1. Dec 25, 2022 · Andrew Johnson, (born December 29, 1808, Raleigh, North Carolina, U.S.—died July 31, 1875, near Carter Station, Tennessee), 17th president of the United States (1865–69), who took office upon the assassination of Pres. Abraham Lincoln during the closing months of the American Civil War (1861–65). His lenient Reconstruction policies toward the South embittered the Radical Republicans in Congress and led to his political downfall and to his impeachment, though he was acquitted.

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  2. › topics › us-presidentsAndrew Johnson - HISTORY

    • Andrew Johnson’s Early Years
    • Johnson Enters Politics in Tennessee
    • Andrew Johnson and The Civil War
    • Johnson’s Brief Tenure as Vice President
    • Andrew Johnson’s Challenging Presidency
    • Johnson’s Later Years

    Andrew Johnson was born on December 29, 1808, in a log cabin in Raleigh, North Carolina. His father, Jacob Johnson (1778-1812), was a porter at an inn, among other jobs, and died when Andrew was 3, while his mother, Mary “Polly” McDonough Johnson (1783-1856), was a laundress and seamstress. Johnson, who grew up poor and never attended school, was a...

    Johnson’s political career began in 1829 when he was elected alderman in Greeneville. That same year, Andrew Jackson(1767-1845), a fellow Democrat and Tennessean, became the seventh U.S. president. Like Jackson, Johnson considered himself as a champion of the common man. He was resentful of rich planters and favored states’ rights and populist poli...

    In November 1860, Abraham Lincoln, a former U.S. congressman from Illinois and member of the anti-slavery Republican Party, was elected America’s 16th president. On December 20 of that same year, slaveholding South Carolina seceded from the Union. Six more Southern states soon followed, and in February 1861, they formed the Confederate States of Am...

    When Lincoln sought re-election in 1864, he chose Johnson as his running mate over Vice President Hannibal Hamlin (1809-91), a former U.S. senator from Maine. As a Southern Unionist and “War Democrat” (the name for those Democrats who stayed loyal to Lincoln), Johnson was deemed a good fit for the ticket. Lincoln defeated his opponent General Georg...

    Once in office, Johnson focused on quickly restoring the Southern states to the Union. He granted amnesty to most former Confederates and allowed the rebel states to elect new governments. These governments, which often included ex-Confederate officials, soon enacted black codes, measures designed to control and repress the recently freed slave pop...

    Johnson’s interest in politics and public office did not end once he left the White Housein March 1869 and returned home to Tennessee. That same year, he ran unsuccessfully for the U.S. Senate, and in 1872, lost his bid for a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives. He persisted and won election to the Senate in 1875. Johnson was the only ex-pres...

    • Assessment
    • Early years
    • Political career
    • Aftermath
    • Background
    • Sources

    With the Assassination of Lincoln, the Presidency fell upon an old-fashioned southern Jacksonian Democrat of pronounced states rights views. Although an honest and honorable man, Andrew Johnson was one of the most unfortunate of Presidents. Arrayed against him were the Radical Republicans in Congress, brilliantly led and ruthless in their tactics. ...

    Born in Raleigh, North Carolina, in 1808, Johnson grew up in poverty. He was apprenticed to a tailor as a boy, but ran away. He opened a tailor shop in Greeneville, Tennessee, married Eliza McCardle, and participated in debates at the local academy.

    Entering politics, he became an adept stump speaker, championing the common man and vilifying the plantation aristocracy. As a Member of the House of Representatives and the Senate in the 1840s and 50s, he advocated a homestead bill to provide a free farm for the poor man.

    After Lincolns death, President Johnson proceeded to reconstruct the former Confederate States while Congress was not in session in 1865. He pardoned all who would take an oath of allegiance, but required leaders and men of wealth to obtain special Presidential pardons. By the time Congress met in December 1865, most southern states were reconstruc...

    The Radicals first step was to refuse to seat any Senator or Representative from the old Confederacy. Next they passed measures dealing with the former slaves. Johnson vetoed the legislation. The Radicals mustered enough votes in Congress to pass legislation over his vetothe first time that Congress had overridden a President on an important bill. ...

    The Presidential biographies on are from The Presidents of the United States of America, by Frank Freidel and Hugh Sidey. Copyright 2006 by the White House Historical Association.

  3. Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 – July 31, 1875) was an American politician and tailor who served as the 17th president of the United States, from 1865 to 1869. He assumed the presidency following the assassination of Abraham Lincoln , as he was vice president at that time.

  4. Apr 22, 2021 · Andrew Johnson became the 17th president of the United States upon the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln in April 1865. His lenient Reconstruction policies toward the South, and his...

  5. Oct 28, 2019 · Andrew Johnson was born in Raleigh, North Carolina on December 29, 1808. He became president upon the assassination of Abraham Lincoln but only served out the term. He was the first individual to be impeached as president. 01 of 10 Escaped From Indentured Servitude PhotoQuest / Getty Images When Andrew Johnson was only three, his father Jacob died.

  6. Andrew Johnson Johnson played into the hands of his enemies by an imbroglio over the Tenure of Office Act , passed the same day as the Reconstruction acts. It forbade the chief executive from removing without the Senate’s concurrence certain federal officers whose appointments had originally been made by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.

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