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  1. Archduke Charles Louis John Joseph Laurentius of Austria, Duke of Teschen (German: Erzherzog Karl Ludwig Johann Josef Lorenz von Österreich, Herzog von Teschen; 5 September 1771 – 30 April 1847) was an Austrian field-marshal, the third son of Emperor Leopold II and his wife, Maria Luisa of Spain. He was also the younger brother of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor.

    • Youth and Early Career
    • Napoleonic Wars
    • Later Life
    • Assessment of His Achievements
    • Works
    • References

    Charles was born in Florence, Tuscany. His father, then Grand Duke of Tuscany, generously permitted Charles's childless aunt Archduchess Marie Christine of Austria and her husband Albert of Saxe-Teschen to adopt and raise the boy in Vienna. Charles spent his youth in Tuscany, at Vienna and in the Austrian Netherlands, where he began his career of m...

    In 1797 he was sent to arrest the victorious march of General Bonaparte in Italy, and he conducted the retreat of the over-matched Austrians with the highest skill. In the campaign of 1799 he once more opposed Jourdan, whom he defeated in the battles of Ostrach and Stockach, following up his success by invading Switzerland and defeating Masséna in ...

    When Austria joined the ranks of the allies during the War of the Sixth Coalition, Charles was not given a command and the post of commander-in-chief of the allied Grand Army of Bohemia went to the Prince of Schwarzenberg. Charles spent the rest of his life in retirement, except for a short time in 1815 when he was military governor of the Fortress...

    The caution which the archduke preached so earnestly in his strategic works, he displayed in practice only when the situation seemed to demand it, though his education certainly prejudiced him in favor of the defensive at all costs. He was at the same time capable of forming and executing the most daring offensive strategy, and his tactical skill i...

    Grundsätze der Kriegskunst für die Generale(1806)
    Grundsätze der Strategie erläutert durch die Darstellung des Feldzugs 1796(1814)
    Geschichte des Feldzugs von 1799 in Deutschland und in der Schweiz(1819)

    This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. Encyclopædia BritannicaCambridge University Press

  2. Archduke Charles Louis John Joseph Laurentius of Austria, Duke of Teschen (German: Erzherzog Karl Ludwig Johann Josef Lorenz von Österreich, Herzog von Teschen; 5 September 1771 – 30 April 1847) was an Austrian field-marshal, the third son of Emperor Leopold II and his wife, Maria Luisa of Spain. He was also the younger brother of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor.

    • Youth and Early Career
    • Napoleonic Wars
    • Later Life
    • Assessment of His Achievements
    • Works
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    Charles was born in Florence, Tuscany. His father, then Grand Duke of Tuscany, generously permitted Charles's childless aunt Archduchess Marie Christine of Austria and her husband Albert of Saxe-Teschen to adopt and raise the boy in Vienna. Charles spent his youth in Tuscany, at Vienna and in the Austrian Netherlands, where he began his career of m...

    In 1797 he was sent to arrest the victorious march of General Bonaparte in Italy, and he conducted the retreat of the over-matched Austrians with the highest skill. In the campaign of 1799 he once more opposed Jourdan, whom he defeated in the battles of Ostrach and Stockach, following up his success by invading Switzerland and defeating Masséna in ...

    When Austria joined the ranks of the allies during the War of the Sixth Coalition, Charles was not given a command and the post of commander-in-chief of the allied Grand Army of Bohemia went to the Prince of Schwarzenberg. Charles spent the rest of his life in retirement, except for a short time in 1815 when he was military governor of the Fortress...

    The caution which the archdukepreached so earnestly in his strategic works, he displayed in practice only when the situation seemed to demand it, though his education certainly prejudiced him in favor of the defensive at all costs. He was at the same time capable of forming and executing the most daring offensive strategy, and his tactical skill in...

    Grundsätze der Kriegskunst für die Generale(1806)
    Grundsätze der Strategie erläutert durch die Darstellung des Feldzugs 1796(1814)
    Geschichte des Feldzugs von 1799 in Deutschland und in der Schweiz(1819)

    Rothenberg, Gunther E. Napoleon's Great Adversary: Archduke Charles and the Austrian Army, 1792-1814. Staplehurst: Spellmount, 1995. ISBN 1873376405

    [https%3A%2F%2Fen.wikisource.org%2Fwiki%2FThe_American_Cyclop%C3%A6dia_%281879%29%2FCharles_%28Archduke%29 "Charles, archduke of Austria" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). The American Cyc...

  3. Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen Archduke Charles of Austria (1771-1847) was one of the Austrian Empire 's dukes. He fought in the Napoleonic Wars. [1] The Austrian Empire ruled places the places that we call Hungary, Croatia, Austria, Czechia, Slovakia, Bosnia, Leichtenstein, Slovenia, Serbia, Montenegro, and Albania today.

    • 30 April 1847 (aged 75)
  4. The Duchy of Teschen, also Duchy of Cieszyn or Duchy of Těšín, was one of the Duchies of Silesia centered on Cieszyn in Upper Silesia. It was split off the Silesian Duchy of Opole and Racibórz in 1281 during the feudal division of Poland and was ruled by Silesian dukes of the Piast dynasty from 1290 until the line became extinct with the death of Duchess Elizabeth Lucretia in 1653. The ducal lands initially comprised former Lesser Polish territories east of the Biała River, which in ...

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