Casimir III, Duke of Pomerania. Casimir or Kasimir III (IV) (1348 – 24 August 1372), oldest son of Barnim III, was one of the Dukes of Pomerania - Stettin (Szczecin). He died during a campaign against the Margraviate of Brandenburg during the siege of Königsberg (Neumark) in 1372.
- The Great King
- Concession to The Nobility
- Relationship with Polish Jews
- Title and Style
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Casimir is the only Polish king who both received and kept the title of "Great" in Polish history (Bolesław I Chrobry is also called "Great", but his title Chrobry (Valiant) is now more common). When he came to the throne, his hold on it was in danger, as even his neighbours did not recognise his title and instead called him "king of Kraków". The economywas ruined, and the kingdom was depopulated and exhausted by war. Upon his death, Casimir left a kingdom which had doubled in size (mostly through the addition of lands in modern day Ukraine, then called the Duchy of Halicz), was prosperous, wealthy and held great prospects for the future. Although depicted as a peaceful king in children's books, he in fact waged many victorious wars and was readying for others just before he died. He built extensively during his reign, (Wawel Castle, Orle Gniazda), reformed the Polish army and the Polish civil and criminal law. At the Sejm in Wiślica, on 11 March 1347, he introduced salutary legal r...
In order to enlist the support of the nobility, especially the military help of pospolite ruszenie, Casimir was forced to grant important privileges to their caste, which made them finally clearly dominant over townsfolk (burghers or mieszczaństwo). In 1335, in the Treaty of Trentschin, Casimir relinquished "in perpetuity" his claims to Silesia. In 1355 in Buda, Casimir designated Louis I of Hungary as his successor. In exchange, the szlachta's tax burden was reduced and they would no longer be required to pay for military expeditions expenses outside Poland. Those important concessions would eventually lead to the ultimately crippling rise of the unique nobles' democracy in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. His second daughter, Elisabeth, Duchess of Pomerania, bore a son in 1351, Casimir IV of Pomerania. He was slated to become the heir, but did not succeed to the throne, dying childless in 1377, 7 years after King Casimir. He was the only male descendant of King...
King Casimir was favorably disposed toward Jews. On 9 October 1334, he confirmed the privileges granted to Jewish Poles in 1264 by Bolesław V the Chaste. Under penalty of death, he prohibited the kidnapping of Jewish children for the purpose of enforced Christian baptism. He inflicted heavy punishment for the desecration of Jewish cemeteries. Although Jews had lived in Poland since before the reign of King Casimir, he allowed them to settle in Poland in great numbers and protected them as people of the king.
Casimir's full title was: Casimir by the grace of God king of Poland, lord and heir of the land of Kraków, Sandomierz, Sieradz, Łęczyca, Kuyavia, Pomerania (Pomerelia) and Ruthenia. The title in Latin was: Kazimirus, Dei gracia rex Poloniæ ac terrarum Cracoviæ, Sandomiriæ, Syradiæ, Lanciciæ, Cuyaviæ, Pomeraniæ, Russiequæ dominus et heres.History of Poland (966–1385)Jagiellonian UniversityKazimierz Wielki University in BydgoszczKazimierz
His listing in "Medieval lands" by Charles Cawley. The project "involves extracting and analysing detailed information from primary sources, including contemporary chronicles, cartularies, necrolog...
- 30 April 1310(1310-04-30) Kowal, Poland
- Władysław I ("the Elbow-high")
- Wawel Cathedral, Kraków
Duke Casimir III died during the siege of Chojna in 1372. After Casimir's death, Swantibor III and Bogislaw VII ruled jointly, with Swantibor III now playing the leading role. He was faced with the challenge to maintain the position of Pomerania, which was splintered into several Teilherzogtumer , against its neighbours, in particular, against Brandenburg.
Casimir was the son of Bogislaw V, Duke of Pomerania and Elizabeth of Poland. His maternal grandfather Casimir III the Great, last King of Poland from the Piast dynasty, brought him up at his court as his favorite - the king had no legal male successors.
- Dukes of The Slavic Pomeranian Tribes
- Duchy of Pomerania
- Principality of Rugia
- Duchy of Pomerelia
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The lands of Pomerania were firstly ruled by local tribes, who settled in Pomerania around the 10th and 11th centuries.
The Duchy resulted from the partition of Świętobor, Duke of Pomerania, in which his son Wartislaw inherited the lands that would become in fact known as Pomerania.
1168–1325 feudal fief of Denmark under local rulers: 1. 1162–1170 Tezlaw 2. 1170–1217 Jaromar I 3. 1218–1249 Wizlaw I 4. 1249–1260 Jaromar II 5. 1260–1302 Wizlaw II 6. 1303–1325 Wizlaw III From 1325 Pomerania-Wolgast or -Barth: 1. 1325–1326 Wartislaw IV 2. 1326–1368 Bogislaw V, Wartislaw V, Barnim IV 3. 1368–1372 Wartislaw VI, Bogislaw VI 4. 1372–1394 Wartislaw VI 5. 1394–1415 Wartislaw VIII 6. 1415–1432/36 Swantibor II 7. 1432/36–1451 Barnim VIII 8. 1451–1457 Wartislaw IX 9. 1457–1478 Wartislaw X from 1474 part of Pomerania-Wolgast
In 1155, the lands who belonged to Świętopełk I became independent under Sobieslaw I, a possible descendant, who founded the House of Sambor and the Duchy of Pomerelia. The dukes of Pomerelia were using the Latin title dux Pomeraniae ("Duke of Pomerania") or dux Pomeranorum("Duke of the Pomeranians").Gerard Labuda (ed.), "Historia Pomorza", vol. 1–4, Poznan-Torun 1969–2003Edmund Kopicki, "Tabele dynastyczne", "Wykazy panujacych", in: "Katalog podstawowych monet i banknotow Polski oraz ziem z historycznie z Polska zwiazanych", vol. IX, part IZugmunt Boras, "Ksiazeta Pomorza Zachdniego", Poznań 1969, 1978, 1996Casimir Kozlowski, George Podralski, "Poczet Ksiazat Pomorza Zachdniego", KAW, Szczecin 1985
Casimir o Kasimir III (IV); (1348 - 24 d'agost del 1372) fou el fill gran de Barnim III, fou Duc de Pomerània-Stettin (Szczecin). Va morir durant una campanya contra el Marcgraviat de Brandenburg durant el setge de Königsberg (Neumark) el 1372. Avantpassats
May 24, 2020 · Bogislaw V (Polish: Bogusław, Latin: Bogislaus) (c. 1318 – 23 April 1374) was a Duke of Pomerania. Eldest son of Duke Wartislaw IV and Elisabeth of Silesia, Bogislaw had two brothers, Barnim IV and Wartislaw V. The brothers were joint rulers from their father's death in 1326. They allied with King Casimir III of Poland, whose daughter Elisabeth married Bogislaw, against the Teutonic Order.
The following year the new Holy Roman Emperor, Henry III, allied himself with the exiled Polish ruler against the Bohemians. Casimir was given a troop of 1,000 heavy footmen and a significant amount of gold to restore his power in the country. Casimir also signed an alliance with Yaroslav I the Wise, the Prince of Kievan Rus'.