Eric V Klipping (1249 – 22 November 1286) was King of Denmark (1259–1286) and son of King Christopher I of Denmark. From 1259-1266, he ruled under the auspices of his competent mother, Margaret Sambiria (1230-1282). Between 1261 and 1262, the young King Eric was a prisoner in Holstein following a military defeat.
- Mysterious Death
The king’s nickname”Klipping” or ”Glipping” refers to a medieval coin that has become ”clipped” (a "clipped penny") or cut in order to indicate devaluation. The nickname is an unkind reference to his lack of trustworthiness. He "short-changed" his people and the monarchy.
When his fatherKing Christopher I was murdered in 1259, Prince Eric was too young to rule in his own right. The Danish court appointed his mother, Queen Margaret Sambiria (Danish: Sprænghest) as regent. She was the daughter of Sambor II, Duke of Pomerania and Matilda of Mecklenberg, and was a clever and intelligent woman. Immediately, she had to fight to keep her son on the throne from two powerful enemies; Archbishop Jacob Erlandsen (ca. 1220-1274) and Erik Abelsøn who was Duke of Schleswig from 1260 until his death in 1272. Archbishop Erlandsen had excommunicated the bishop who had anointed young Eric as king. Duke Eric was a nephew of King Christopher and had been in frequent conflict with the king. Taking advantage ofthe situation, Chief Jaromar II of Rügen (c. 1218–1260) gathered an army of Wends and invaded Zealand. Queen Margaret raised an army, but was soundly defeated in 1259 near Ringsted. Jarimar went on to attack and pillage Copenhagen later that year. He shipped his arm...
As an adult ruler, King Eric V tried to enforce his power over the church and nobility. In the 1270s, the King attacked Småland. His conflict with the church was brought to a satisfying result, with the help of the Pope. By 1282, he had so offended the nobles throughout Denmark that he was forced to accept a charter (Danish: håndfæstning - a kind of a Danish Magna Carta) which limited his authority and guaranteed the ancient rights and customs that preserved the power of the nobles. The King signed the charter at Nyborg Castle, recognized as Denmark’s first-ever constitution in existence. However at the time of King Eric's death, the rights and guarantees the 1282 charter would lose their effectiveness, since the next king would not be bound by the same agreement.
Legend has it thatseveral nobles swore an oath that they would murder Eric in revenge for personal slights or policies the king enforced that they did not like. Chief among the conspirators was marshal (Danish: marsk) Stig Andersen Hvide and Jacob Nielsen, Count of Halland. They paid Rane Jonsen (1254-1294) one of the king's companions, to keep them informed as to the king's activities, in order to fulfill their oath. November 1286 foundthe king at Viborg, in central Jutland. After a long day's hunt in the countryside led by Rane Jonsen, the king and a few attendants couldn't find their way back to the king's farm at Viborg. Rane suggested that they take shelter for the night of 22 November 1286 in the church barn in the village of Finderup (Finderup Lade). The assassins, dressed as Franciscan friars, were kept informed as to the kings' whereabouts and waited for everyone to settle down for the night. Once the king fell asleep, they rushed from their hiding places and stabbed and ha...
King Eric V marriedAgnes of Brandenburg (c. 1257–1304) on 11 November 1273 at Schleswig. She was the daughter of John I, Margrave of Brandenburg (d. 1266) and Brigitte of Saxony. The marriage was probably agreed upon during King Eric's captivity in Brandenburg by Agnes' father from 1262 to 1264. Tradition claims that the King was released from captivity on his promise to marry Agnes without a dowry. They had the following issue: 1. Richeza of Denmark (c.1272 - 27 October 1308), married Lord Nicholas II of Werle. A descendant of her daughter Sophia, her great-great-great-grandson, Christian I, would one day become King of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. 2. Eric VI of Denmark (1274–1319) 3. Christopher II of Denmark (1276–1332) 4. Martha of Denmark (1278–1341), married King Birger of Sweden. 5. Katharine of Denmark (c.1281 - 1283), died young. 6. Valdemar of Denmark 7. Elisabeth of Denmark ///// http://www.friesian.com/germania.htm#norse Erik "Klipping" of Denmark (Estridsøn), King of De...
Eric V Klipping (1249 – 22 November 1286) was King of Denmark (1259–1286) and son of King Christopher I of Denmark. Until 1264, he ruled under the auspices of his mother, the competent Queen Dowager, Margaret Sambiria of Pomerania. Between 1261 and 1262, the young King Eric was a prisoner in Holstein following a military defeat. Afterwards, he lived in Brandenburg, where he was initially ...
Mar 23, 2020 · Eric V Klipping (1249 – 22 November 1286) was King of Denmark (1259–1286) and son of King Christopher I of Denmark. From 1259-1266, he ruled under the auspices of his competent mother, Margaret Sambiria (1230-1282). Between 1261 and 1262, the young King Eric was a prisoner in Holstein following a mi
Eric V Klipping (1249 November 22, 1286) was King of Denmark (1259 1286) and son of Christopher I. Until 1264 he ruled under the auspices of his mother, the competent Queen Dowager Margaret Sambiria. Between 1261 1262, Eric was a prisoner in…
Eric V, King of Denmark Reign May 29, 1259 - November 22, 1286 (27 years) Coronation December 25, 1259 Predecessor Christopher I of Denmark Successor Eric VI of Denmark
- December 25, 1259
- May 29, 1259 - November 22, 1286 (27 years)
- Christopher I of Denmark
- Eric VI of Denmark
Eric V Klipping (1249 – November 22, 1286) was King of Denmark (1259–1286) and son of Christopher I. Until 1264 he ruled under the auspices of his mother, the competent Queen Dowager Margaret Sambiria. Between 1261 and 1262, Eric was a prisoner in Holstein following a military defeat. Afterwards, he was brought up in Brandenburg.
Eric V 's near forty year reign over Denmark was in many ways overshadowed by two utterly uncontrollable events; the Black Death, which caused as much chaos in Denmark as it did in other European and Leifian nations; and the meteoric rise of Olaf III the Great of Viken-Svealand. Historians have largely characterised Eric's reign and successes as being swept along on Olaf's coat-tails though ...
- 7th February, 1290 Lund, Denmark
- Cnut VII
- Karin of Finland
Eric V Klipping Estridsen of Denmark, King of Denmark, was born 1249 to Christopher I of Denmark (1219-1259) and Margaret Sambiria (c1230-1282) and died 22 November 1286 of unspecified causes. He married Agnes von Brandenburg (1257-1304) 1273 JL . Notable ancestors includeCharlemagne (747-814), Alfred the Great (849-899), Hugh Capet (c940-996). Ancestors are fromFrance, Russia, Ukraine ...
- Agnes von Brandenburg (1257-1304)
- Margaret Sambiria (c1230-1282)
- King of Denmark
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