Gothic architecture, usually churches or university buildings, continued to be built. Ireland was an island of Gothic architecture in the 17th and 18th centuries, with the construction of Derry Cathedral (completed 1633), Sligo Cathedral (c. 1730), and Down Cathedral (1790–1818) are other examples.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gothic_architecture
Gothic architecture, architectural style in Europe that lasted from the mid-12th century to the 16th century, particularly a style of masonry building characterized by cavernous spaces with the expanse of walls broken up by overlaid tracery. Learn more about Gothic architecture, its characteristics, and its history.
Gothic architecture, usually churches or university buildings, continued to be built. Ireland was an island of Gothic architecture in the 17th and 18th centuries, with the construction of Derry Cathedral (completed 1633), Sligo Cathedral (c. 1730), and Down Cathedral (1790–1818) are other examples.
- 12th–17th centuries.
Oct 10, 2018 · Gothic architecture is a European style of masonry that values height, intricacy, sizable windows, and exaggerated arches. In the 12th century, advancements in engineering allowed for increasingly colossal buildings, and the style’s signature vaulting, buttresses, and pointed building tops paved way for taller structures that still retained natural light.
- Gothic Architecture Features
- from Romanesque to Gothic Architecture
- Regional Differences in Gothic Architecture
Flying buttresses: The function of these buttresses is to spread the weight of the tall walls so that the structure becomes stable by transferring force to the ground. Apart from its purpose of mov...
The characteristics exhibited by Gothic architecture were developed from the Romanesque architecture over different geographical locations. Ribbed vaults were used in making naves of Romanesque churches. Features such as plate tracery, vertical shafts and compound piers had been copied from the Romanesque period. The Basilica of Saint Denis is thought to be the first Gothic building that used all the features ranging from pointed arch to ribbed vaults.
In France, the one distinctive character of Gothic architecture from those of other countries is the vertical nature. Unlike other countries, in France, the chapels are known to be unified in that there are no major projections to the sky. The differentiating feature of the English Gothic architecture is their length and often overemphasis on the interior compared to the horizontal. English Chapels have a stylistic interior as compared with those from France and Germany. In Poland and Germany, Gothic architecture is characterized by tall towers and spires that are projected to the skies but often they are not completed to offer a beautiful look. In Spain and Portugal, the distinctive feature of the Gothic architecture is their complex nature. They are relatively wide with different parts leading to each other, and this makes it complicated. They are often flanked by tall arcades and a spacious interior giving a similar resemblance to the German chapels.
Nov 14, 2017 · Gothic architecture is a European style of architecture that values height and exhibits an intricate and delicate aesthetic. Though its roots are French, the Gothic approach can be found in churches, cathedrals, and other similar buildings in Europe and beyond.
Gothic Architecture: The Abbey Church of Saint Denis. The Abbey Church of Saint Denis is known as the first Gothic structure and was developed in the 12th century by Abbot Suger.
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- Grand, Tall Designs, Which Swept Upwards with Height and Grace
- The Flying Buttress
- The Pointed Arch
- The Vaulted Ceiling
In the times before gothic architecture, Early Medieval architects struggled to spread the weight of heavy stone walls.This meant that towers needed to be short and buildings thin. Otherwise, the sheer weight of the high floors would make the building collapse into itself.One of the fundamental characteristics of gothic architecture was its height. New building techniques (such as the flying buttress, detailed below) enabled architects to spread the weight of taller walls and loftier towers.T...
The flying buttress is the defining external characteristic of gothic architecture. These buttresses act to spread the weight of the tall walls. They support the structure by transferring force directly to the ground.The flying buttress was not just practical, though. It was also decorative.Flying buttresses were often elaborately designed. They appeared to dart and sweep around each building, giving a sense of movement and of flight. They were often decorated with intricate carvings, giving...
The innovation of the pointed arch was another key characteristic of gothic architecture. Again, its significance was both practical and decorative.The pointed arch is a sturdy little design. Its form distributed the force of heavier ceilings and bulky wall. It could support much more weight than previous, simple, spindly pillars.The stronger arches allowed for much more vertical height, too – they literally reached up to the heavens.The gothic arch wasn’t just a workhorse. It had an aestheti...
The vaulted ceiling was an innovation which lead on from the achievements of the pointed arch.Irregular, vaulted ceilings utilised the technology of the pointed arch to spread force and weight from upper floors.These sturdy supports allowed ceilings to be taller than before. (Although note that the ceiling height isn’t uniform). This provided the impression of height, grandeur and elegance.The distribution of force within the vaulted ceiling enabled vaults to be built in different shapes and...
- Christopher Mcfadden
- The Cologne Cathedral, Left Unfinished for 350 years. The mighty Gothic cathedral of Cologne is the seat of the Archbishop of Cologne. The entire structure took around 600 years to build.
- The Cathedral Church of Milan, the Largest Church in Italy. Milan Cathedral was another example of Gothic Architecture that took almost 600 years to complete.
- The Basilica of Saint-Denis, France. The Basilica of St Denis, located in a suburb of Paris, is widely considered one of the first ever Gothic style buildings.
- Notre-Dame de Paris, an Icon of Gothic Architecture. Notre-Dame de Paris, or simply Notre-Dame, is widely thought of as the finest example of French Gothic Architecture.
Gothic architecture replaced Romanesque groin vaults with ribbed vaults to counteract complexities of construction and limitations that allowed it to only span square rooms. Also known as ogival vaulting, ribbed vaulting developed with the need to transfer roof-loads better, while freeing up inner walls for tracery and glass.