John Bardeen was an American physicist who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1956 and 1972 for his contributions to the transistor. Learn about his life, achievements and legacy in this Britannica article.
- The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
John Bardeen was a Nobel Prize-winning physicist who worked on solid state physics, superconductivity, and semiconductors. He was born in 1908 in Wisconsin and received his Ph.D. from Princeton University in 1936. He was a professor at the University of Illinois and a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He died in 1991.
JOHN BARDEEN John was the second of the five children of Charles and Althea Bardeen. His father, Charles Russell Bardeen, was the first graduate of the Johns Hopkins Medical School and the founding dean of what is today the School of Medicine and Public Health at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Before marrying Charles Bardeen, his mother ...
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Jan 30, 1991 · Born: 23 May 1908, Madison, WI, USA Died: 30 January 1991, Boston, MA, USA Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA Prize motivation: “for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory” Prize share: 1/3 Also awarded: The Nobel Prize in Physics 1956 Work