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    Louis XV was the great-grandson of Louis XIV and the third son of the Duke of Burgundy (1682–1712), and his wife Marie Adélaïde of Savoy, who was the eldest daughter of Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy. He was born in the Palace of Versailles on 15 February 1710 and was immediately styled the Duke of Anjou.

  2. Dec 30, 2022 · Louis XV, byname Louis the Well-Beloved, French Louis le Bien-Aimé, (born February 15, 1710, Versailles, France—died May 10, 1774, Versailles), king of France from 1715 to 1774, whose ineffectual rule contributed to the decline of royal authority that led to the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789.

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
  3. Apr 2, 2014 · Louis XV was king of France from 1715 to 1774. He is best known for contributing to the decline of royal authority that led to the French Revolution in 1789. Explore the life and times of...

    • Becoming The Dauphin
    • Regency and The Boy King
    • Rule of Fleury
    • Louis’ Later Reign and Legacy
    • Sources

    Louis was the second surviving son of Louis, Duke of Burgundy, and his wife, Princess Marie Adelaide of Savoy. The Duke of Burgundy was the eldest son of the Dauphin, Louis, who was in turn the eldest son of King Louis XIV, the “Sun King.” The Duke of Burgundy was known as “Le Petit Dauphin” and his father as “le Grand Dauphin.” From 1711 to 1712, ...

    During the Regency, Louis XV spent most of his time at the Tuileries Palace. At the age of seven, his time under Madame de Ventadour’s care ended and he was placed under the tutelage of François, the Duke of Villeroy, who educated him and taught him royal etiquette and protocol. Louis developed what would be a lifelong love for hunting and horsebac...

    From this point until his death in 1743, Cardinal de Fleury was the de facto ruler of France, manipulating and flattering the king into allowing him to make all the decisions. Although the cardinal’s rule produced an appearance of harmony, his strategies for keeping power actually resulted in a growing amount of opposition. He banned debate in Parl...

    With Fleury dead, Louis decided to rule without a prime minister. His first act was to try to reduce the national debt and improve the tax system, but his plans met with fierce opposition from the nobility and the clergy because it taxed them, rather than just “ordinary” citizens. He also attempted to purge Jansenists from a semi-religious organiza...

    Bernier, Olivier. Louis the Beloved: The Life of Louis XV,(1984).
    Louis XV.” Biography,
    Louis XV: King of France.” Encyclopaedia Britannica,
    • Assistant Editor
  4. Louis XV was a passionate student of science, especially botany, and did much to enrich the Palace’s gardens. He also commissioned the construction of the Petit Trianon for his mistress, Madame de Pompadour. Full name Louis of France Title King of France and Navarre Life at Court From 1710 to 1774 His traces in Versailles

  5. Louis XV, (born Feb. 15, 1710, Versailles, France—died May 10, 1774, Versailles), King of France (1715–74). An orphan from age three, Louis succeeded to the throne on the death of his great-grandfather Louis XIV (1715), under the regency of Philippe II, duke d’Orléans (1674–1723). His marriage to Princess Marie Leszczynska of Poland (1703–68) in 1725 led to France’s involvement in the War of the Polish Succession (1733–38).

  6. King Louis XV finally kicked the bucket in 1774, but he came frightening close to dying almost 20 years earlier, in 1757. On a cold January day, Louis was stepping into his carriage when a deranged man, Robert-Francois Damiens, suddenly burst through the king’s guards and stabbed his royal person.

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