Saint Peter (died between AD 64 and 68 on the Vatican Hill ), also known as Peter the Apostle, Peter the Rock, Simon Peter, Simeon, Simon ( / ˈsaɪmən / ( listen)) or Cephas, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and one of the first leaders of the early Church.
May 07, 2022 · St. Peter the Apostle, original name Simeon or Simon, (died 64 ce, Rome [Italy]), disciple of Jesus Christ, recognized in the early Christian church as the leader of the 12 disciples and by the Roman Catholic Church as the first of its unbroken succession of popes.
Saint Peter, also known as 'Simon Peter’, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus and the first Bishop of Rome. The ancient Christian churches consider him to be the founder of the Roman Church and the Church of Antioch, but have differences in opinion about the supremacy of his present day successors.
Peter, who was also known as Simon Peter of Cephas, is considered the first Pope. Despite his papacy, Peter had humble beginnings and became one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. He was ordained by Jesus in the "Rock of My Church" written in Matthew 16:17-18, which says, "Jesus replied, 'Simon son of Jonah, you are a blessed man!
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- Peter in The Early Church
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The author of the Acts of the Apostles portrays Peter as an extremely important figure within the early Christian community, although it is not clear whether Peter or James, "the Lord's brother," is the leading figure in the Jerusalem church. Peter did play the key role early on. He took the lead in selecting a replacement for Judas Iscariot (Acts ...
Various sayings and acts are attributed to Peter in the New Testament Apocrypha, all of which are considered by most scholars to originate from a period later than the synoptic gospels, and usually from the second century C.E.While some of these traditions have come to be accepted by orthodox traditions, others are considered legendary, and some ar...
In the Roman Catholic Church, Peter's leadership role among the apostles lies at the root of the leadership role of the pope among the bishops of the Church as the body of Christ. Popes wear the Fisherman's Ring, which bears an image of the saint casting his nets from a fishing boat. The keys used as a symbol of the pope's authority refer to the "k...
The New Testament includes two letters (epistles)ascribed to Peter. However, the majority of modern scholars do not believe that the letters are genuinely written by Saint Peter. The textual features of these two epistles indicate that they were not written by the same hand. Moreover, both epistles demonstrate a high quality of cultured and urban Greek, a fact at odds with the linguistic skill expected from an Aramaic-speaking fisherman, who would have learned Greek as a second or third langu...
Pseudepigrapha and apocrypha
There are also a number of other apocryphalwritings that have been either attributed to or written about Saint Peter. They were from antiquity regarded as pseudepigrapha. These include: 1. Gospel of Peter, a Docetic narrative that has survived only in part 2. Acts of Peter,from which several traditions about Peter have passed into accepted tradition 3. A Letter of Peter to Philip, which was preserved in the Nag Hammadi library 4. The Apocalypse of Peter, which was considered as genuine by man...
In Roman Catholic religious doctrine and tradition, Saint Peter is the patron saintof the following categoriesBrown, Raymond Edward, Karl P. Donfried, and John Henry Paul Reumann. Peter in the New Testament; A Collaborative Assessment by Protestant and Roman Catholic Scholars. Minneapolis: Augsburg Pub. Ho...Card, Michael. A Fragile Stone: The Emotional Life of Simon Peter. Downers Grove, Ill: InterVarsity Press, 2003. ISBN 9780851117850Goulder, M. D. St. Paul Versus St. Peter: A Tale of Two Missions. Louisville, KY: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1995. ISBN 9780664255619Grant, Michael. Saint Peter: A Biography. New York: Scribner, 1995. ISBN 9780684193540
All retrieved August 31, 2019. 1. Jewish Encyclopedia: Simon Cephas www.jewishencyclopedia.com 2. Catholic Encyclopedia: St Peter, Prince of the Apostles www.newadvent.org 3. Catholic Encyclopedia: Epistles of St Peter
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- Saint Peter's Basilica, Rome