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  1. Archaic and classical periods Topographic map of ancient Thebes As attested already in Homer 's Iliad, Thebes was often called "Seven-Gated Thebes" (Θῆβαι ἑπτάπυλοι, Thebai heptapyloi) ( Iliad, IV.406) to distinguish it from "Hundred-Gated Thebes" (Θῆβαι ἑκατόμπυλοι, Thebai hekatompyloi) in Egypt ( Iliad, IX.383).

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  2. Achaea ( / əˈkiːə /) or Achaia ( / əˈkaɪə /; Greek: Ἀχαΐα, Akhaia, Ancient Greek: [akʰaía]) is the northernmost region of the Peloponnese, occupying the coastal strip north of Arcadia. Its approximate boundaries are: to the south, Mount Erymanthus; to the south-east, Mount Cyllene; to the east, Sicyon; and to the west, the Larissos river.

  3. Megaris ( Ancient Greek: Μεγαρίς) was a small but populous state and region of ancient Greece, west of Attica and north of Corinthia, whose inhabitants were adventurous seafarers, credited with deceitful propensities. The capital, Megara, famous for white marble and fine clay, was the birthplace of the eponymous Euclid.

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  5. Under Roman administration, Central Greece, the Peloponnese, southern Epirus, the Ionian Islands and the Cyclades were incorporated into the Province of Achaea, the seat of which was Corinth.

  6. Jan 18, 2024 · Thebes was the seat of the legendary king Oedipus and the locale of most of the ancient Greek tragedies—notably Aeschylus ’s Seven Against Thebes and Sophocles ’ Oedipus the King and Antigone —and of other compilations about the fate of Oedipus, his wife-mother, and his children. More From Britannica ancient Greek civilization: Theban expansion

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
  7. Boeotian League, league that first developed as an alliance of sovereign states in Boeotia, a district in east-central Greece, about 550 bc, under the leadership of Thebes. After the defeat of the Greeks at Thermopylae, Thebes and most of Boeotia sided with the Persians during the Persian invasions of 480 and 479.

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