Led by the invincible Sacred Band of Thebes, a troop of male couples, they won the important battle of Leuktra against the Spartans in 371. Thebes became the most powerful city-state in Greece and was responsible for freeing the Messenians from Sparta and founding the city of Megalopolis in the Peloponnesus.
Thebes is an unassuming modern town built on the site of the ancient city of the same name which played a dominant role over Classic Greece during the 4th century BC until its destruction by Alexander the Great in 335 BC. The only reason to make a stop in Thebes is to visit its archaeological museum, one of the most important in Greece.
Thebes ( / ˈθiːbz /; Greek: Θήβα, Thíva [ˈθiva]; Ancient Greek: Θῆβαι, Thêbai [tʰɛ̂ːbai̯]) is a city in Boeotia, Central Greece, and is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, and the third oldest  in Europe. It is the largest city in Boeotia and a major center for the area along with ...