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    Tulare Lake is a freshwater dry lake with residual wetlands and marshes in the southern San Joaquin Valley, California, United States. After Lake Cahuilla disappeared in the 17th century, Tulare Lake was the largest freshwater lake west of the Mississippi River and the second-largest freshwater lake entirely in the United States, based upon surface area. A remnant of Pleistocene-era Lake Corcoran, Tulare Lake dried up after its tributary rivers were diverted for agricultural irrigation and munic

    • Lake Corcoran

      The lake existed in the valleys of the Sacramento River and...

    • History

      For centuries, the Tachi tribe or Tache, a Yokuts people,...

  2. Tulare Lake, in the southern San Joaquin Valley in California, United States, had at various points in its history prior to 1880 an archipelago in the southern portion of the lake. Since the lake shore largely varied with the season (from rainfall and snowmelt from the Sierras ), there is a wide variety of names attested for the islands. [1]

  3. Tulare Lake was a large, shallow lake in eastern Amador Valley, surrounded by Willow Marsh (also known as the Lagoon). Tule rushes and willow trees once lined the marshes and sloughs of its shores. Drainage alterations starting in the 19th century have since reduced the marsh to the Arroyo de la Laguna , [2] [1] and the city of Pleasanton has since expanded across what was once marshland.

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    • Overview
    • Etymology
    • History
    • Government
    • Education

    Tulare is a city in Tulare County, California. The population was 59,278 at the 2010 census. Tulare is located in the heart of the San Joaquin Valley, eight miles south of Visalia and sixty miles north of Bakersfield. The city is named for the Tulare Lake, once the largest freshwater lake west of the Great Lakes. The Stockton seaport is 170 miles away, and the Sacramento port is 207 miles away. The Los Angeles and San Francisco ports are each approximately 200 miles away, making Tulare a hub or

    The English name Tulare derives ultimately from Classical Nahuatl tōllin, "sedge" or "reeds", by way of Spanish tule, which also exists in English as a loanword. The name is cognate with Tula, Tultepec, and Tultitlán de Mariano Escobedo.

    The Yokuts people built reed boats and fished in what was later to be called Tulare Lake in their homeland for centuries, until the invasion and settlement by the Spanish and American pioneers. When California became a state in 1850, Tulare did not yet exist as a town. Tulare was founded in 1872, by the Southern Pacific Railroad. The town was named for Lake Tulare. The lake had been named for the tule rush plant, a species of bulrush that predominantly lined the marshes and sloughs of its shore.

    The Mayor and Vice-Mayor are selected by the council for two-year terms. 1. Mayor: Dennis A. Mederos 2. Vice-mayor: Terry A. Sayre

    In the California State Legislature, Tulare is in the 16th Senate District, represented by Republican Shannon Grove, and in the 26th Assembly District, represented by Republican Devon Mathis. In the United States House of Representatives, Tulare is in California's 22nd congressio

    The Tulare City School District operates 10 elementary schools, five middle schools, and two k-8 schools in Tulare. The ten elementary schools are Cypress, Heritage, Garden, Kohn, Lincoln, Maple, Mission Valley, Pleasant, Roosevelt, and Wilson. Lincoln, Maple, and Kohn Elementary

    Secondary education in Tulare is provided by the Tulare Joint Union High School District. The district operates five high schools in the city: Tulare Union, Tulare Western, Mission Oak, Tech Prep, and Sierra Vista.

    Tulare students have two local area community colleges from which to choose: College of the Sequoias in Tulare, and College of the Sequoias in nearby Visalia. College of the Sequoias new Tulare Center for Agriculture and Technology campus, located on East Bardsley Ave in Tulare,

    • 289 ft (88 m)
    • 93274, 93275
    • California
    • Tulare
    • Location
    • Largest Freshwater Lake in Western Us
    • Metric System
    • Another Tulare Lake
    • Salmon??
    • Presentation on Tulare Lake
    • Photographs
    • Environmental Impacts

    Where is this lake? Somewhere in California? 1. I don't think it is really "there" any more--it's mostly agricultural fields. You can find it about 40 miles south of Fresno just to the east of California Highway 41. Antandrus00:46, 27 Jun 2004 (UTC) --- I live in an area on the outskirts of hanford, my grade school I went to was a few miles from my house. It's called Lakeside named after the area it occupies. Apearently that area was a port area for shipping on the Tulare Lake. In the middle of the 19th century if you would of looked towards the south in the area where Lakeside Elementry School now stands you would see nothing but Lake and Marshes for miles. Now all you see is farmland and dry desert fields, a total change in the habitat of the area. The Saddest thing is no one really knows nothing are even cares to know nothing about the Lake, Rivers, and Marshland that used to be out there right under there feet and how beautiful the place must of been. now its just a dryed up was...

    By volume? Area? Both? -- Scott eiπ21:04, 8 April 2007 (UTC) 1. I would guess by area only. It was not more than maybe 40 feet deep, I believe. Lake Tahoe would probably be much larger by volume. I'll see if I can find solid facts. I'd like to improve this and some related pages if I can. Pfly (talk) 08:13, 12 February 2008 (UTC)

    Could you please also use the metric system here? Miles don't mean anything to me. —, 25 June 2007 (UTC) --Stacey Doljack Borsody23:00, 27 June 2007 (UTC)

    The article currently says: During wet years it was the terminus of the western hemisphere's southernmost (Chinook) salmon run -- with the "salmon run" link going to info about the San Joaquin River. But unless I'm mistaken, Tulare Lake was part of an endorheic basin, that is, it did not connect to the San Joaquin River -- or any river leading to the ocean. So I'm removing this claim. Feel free to put it back if there is a reference source. Pfly (talk) 06:06, 12 February 2008 (UTC)Endorheic basin It seems more reasonable to assume that during wet years the lake was not endorheic, but that during moderate levels of precipitation it was. Allowing the occasional appearance of anadromous fish. Citations are needed but the sentence removed seems likely to be factual. - Michael J Swassing (talk) 06:37, 12 February 2008 (UTC) I've found a reference for this, and will restore the sentence. - Michael J Swassing (talk) 06:54, 12 February 2008 (UTC) 1. Ah ha, thanks -- learn something new ever...

    check this out an hour and 45 presentation on the The environmental history of Tulare Lake; given by William Preston, Professor of Geography, California Polytechnic State University I have heard from many source's that the Tulare lake did connect to the San Joaquin or Sacremento River year round and they both flow into the San Fransisco bay, there were ships in the early days that would trade in between the two areas... - Another Lonely Traveler -- Sunday, march 29th, 2009

    Are there any know photos of the lake from the 19th / early 20th century? It being the largest fresh water lake in California by area, surely someone had to have taken a picture of it. (talk) 22:15, 20 March 2011 (UTC) 1. Or at least a painting by a local artist or a newspaper sketch? Are there really no known depictions of this alleged lake? (talk) 07:26, 24 October 2011 (UTC)

    "Aggressive groundwater pumping since the draining of the lake and loss of its natural groundwater recharge of the San Joaquin Valley aquifer has resulted in a significant lowering of the water table, causing land subsidence in the valley." The source sited doesn't even mention groundwater, well pumping or land-based subsidence. Because of that, I believe this to be a misleading and somewhat inaccurate statement, and also because I know the following to be true: The Tulare Lake groundwater sub-basin overlies the geologic Corcoran Clay layer. Within the footprint of the original Tulare Lake bed, that impermeable layer is at its shallowest, as is the bottom of the unconfined aquifer (in some cases only a few feet down). There is very little useable groundwater within the lake footprint as most shallow water is high in salts, and deep confined water at over 1000 feet is too costly to pump. For those reason, primary supply in the lake bottom is surface water, not groundwater. DWR Bullet...

    • Geografie
    • Zuflüsse
    • Das Ende Des Sees
    • Einzelnachweise

    Der See war Teil eines teilweise endorheischen Beckens am Südende des San Joaquin Valleys, das mit rund 42.000 km² Fläche etwa zehn Prozent der Fläche von Kalifornien ausmacht und zwischen der Sierra Nevada im Osten und dem Kalifornischen Küstengebirge im Westen liegt. Er lag in einer durch tektonische Absenkungen entstandenen Landschaft, die durch Flussablagerungen nur wenig Höhenunterschiede aufweist und durch Schwemmkegel des Kings River und des Los Gatos Creek vom nördlichen San Joaquin Valley abgetrennt ist. Der Tulare Lake war der größte Endsee in diesem Becken, die drei anderen – Kern Lake, Buena Vista Lake und Goose Lake– hatten zusammen nicht einmal ein Zehntel seiner Fläche. Bedingt durch die geringen Höhenunterschiede schwankte die Seefläche je nach Jahreszeit bzw. Trockenperioden stark. In Jahren mit durchschnittlichen Niederschlägen stieg der Wasserspiegel um einen Meter, in niederschlagsreichen Jahren um bis zu drei Meter. Dabei wurden die weiten Schilf- und Sumpfgürte...

    Die vier Hauptzuflüsse des Tulare Lake kamen alle aus der Sierra Nevada und bildeten in der Ebene breite Binnendeltas mit zahlreichen Kanälen und Sumpfgebieten, die zeitweise trockenfallen konnten. Im Süden schuf der Kern River unterhalb von Bakersfield eine klar abgegrenzte Sumpfebene und ließ den Großteil seines Wassers im Kern Lake und Buena Vista Lake, ein kleinerer Teil floss weiter bis zum Tulare Lake. Die nördlich anschließenden Flusssysteme von White River und Deer Creek führten zu wenig Wasser, um im Großteil des Jahres bis zum Tulare Lake zu führen, was nur bei Hochwasser geschah. Der Tule River, der kleinste Zufluss des Sees, bildete ab Porterville einen Schwemmkegel, den er wegen seiner kleinen Mündungsarme bei Hochwasser regelmäßig überflutete. Im Nordwesten mündete der Kaweah River bei Visalia in die Ebene und teilte sich in vier große und zahlreiche kleine Kanäle, die zu ausgedehnten Sumpfgebieten führten. Nördlichster und wichtigster Zufluss mit etwas der Hälfte des...

    Am Ufer des Tulare Lake lebten die Yokut-Indianer, die es aufgrund des Wild- und Fischreichtums der Gegend zur höchsten Bevölkerungsdichte Nordamerikas in der Vor-Kolonialzeit brachten, das Ökosystem des Sees aber nicht störten. Die Ankunft der Europäer und die Einführung der Landwirtschaft in der zweiten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts markierten den Anfang der umfassenden Umgestaltung der Region. Das Hochwasser von 1861/62, das die Abflusswege der Flüsse stark veränderte, und das Hochwasser von 1867/68, das höchste seit Ankunft der Europäer, führten zum letzten Mal zur Maximalausdehnung des Sees. Schon 1871 waren weite Gebiete landwirtschaftlich genutzt, die zahlreichen Mündungsarme der vier Flüsse, besonders des Tule River und des Kaweah River, wurden in Bewässerungskanäle umgewandelt. 1872 wurde der Kings River gänzlich zum San Joaquin River umgeleitet, wodurch der Wasserstand des Tulare Lake soweit sank, dass schon in den 1880er-Jahren Teile des ursprünglichen Seebodens landwirtsch...

    ↑ Tulare Lake im Geographic Names Information System des United States Geological Survey
    ↑ ECORP Consulting, Inc.: Tulare Lake basin hydrology and hydrography: a summary of the movement of water and aquatic species, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2007, S. 9. (PDF; 5,6 MB) Abgeru...
    ↑ ECORP Consulting, Inc.: Tulare Lake basin hydrology and hydrography: a summary of the movement of water and aquatic species, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2007, S. 7/8. (PDF; 5,6 MB) Abge...
    ↑ ECORP Consulting, Inc.: Tulare Lake basin hydrology and hydrography: a summary of the movement of water and aquatic species, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2007, S. 9–11. (PDF; 5,6 MB) Abg...
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