3 days ago · The United States dollar (symbol: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ or U.S. Dollar, to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies; referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, American dollar, or colloquial buck) is the official currency of the United States and its territories per the Coinage Act of 1792.
- Numbering on Modern Notes
- Numbering on Obsolete Notes
- Star Notes
- More Technical Considerations
- Maximum Serial Numbers
The only type of U.S. currency commonly found in circulation today is the Federal Reserve Note. Up through Series 1995, all FRNs had serial numbers consisting of one letter, eight digits, and one letter, such as A12345678B; now only the $1 and $2 notes still use this form. The first letter of such a serial number identifies the Federal Reserve Bank which issued the note; since there are twelve FRBs, this letter is always between A and L. The last letter has no particular meaning; it merely advances through the alphabet as each block of notes is printed. The letter O is not used because of its similarity to the digit 0, and the letter Z is not used because it is reserved for specimen notes or test printings. On some notes, a star appears in place of the last letter. The star indicates that the note is a replacement for another note that was found to be defective or damaged during printing . The eight digits can be anything from 00000001 to 99999999, but in recent years the highest se...
On some older note types which are no longer commonly found in circulation, the letters of the serial number were used differently. United States Notes, Silver Certificates, and Gold Certificates were not issued by the Federal Reserve Banks, so the first letter of their serial numbers, like the last letter, only served to distinguish different blocks; it had no particular meaning. The order of the blocks was therefore different as well: after a complete block of serials with the letters A..A was printed, the next block would use letters B..A, and so on. The letter Z was still in use then, so after Y..A would come Z..A and then A..B. (Note: presumably the Z would also have been used on Federal Reserve Notes back then, if it had been needed, but the serial numbers of the FRNs never got so high.) The letter O has always been skipped, however. For these older note types, replacement notes had a star in place of the first letter of the serial, rather than the last letter. National Curren...
Star notes are replacements for other notes damaged during the printing process. The term “star note” comes from the small star which replaces one of the letters in the serial number on these notes. On Federal Reserve Notes and Federal Reserve Bank Notes, the star is placed at the end of the serial number; on notes of other types, it is placed at the beginning. If a damaged or misprinted note is discovered before the third printing stage, in which the serial numbers are applied, it is simply discarded and destroyed. But if a defective note is found afterthe serial numbers have been printed, it must be replaced by another note so that the count of notes issued will remain accurate. Until about 1910, the BEP would actually print a replacement note with the same serial number (including letters) as the defective note; however, as production levels increased, this became rather time-consuming. To speed up the process, star notes were introduced. The BEP first prints a small quantity of...
Until 1952, nearly all U.S. currency had the serial numbers applied using a system called consecutive numbering, in which the serials ran sequentially down each sheet. (The exception was Nationals, which mostly used sheet numbering, in which all notes on a sheet had the same serial number and had to be distinguished by their plate position letters.) Consecutive numbering was simple and allowed great flexibility in the lengths of daily print runs; each printing could simply pick up where the last had left off. However, the process of cutting the sheets apart so that the notes would end up stacked in correct serial number order was a slow one. To increase efficiency, the BEP when upgrading from 12-subject to 18-subject sheets adopted a new serialling system known as skip numbering. In this method, notes with sequential serial numbers actually come from different sheets. The numbers are placed so that when a hundred freshly serialled sheets are stacked, the pile can be cut directly int...
As just mentioned, all notes currently printed for circulation have serial numbers no higher than 96000000 (or 99200000, for $50 and $100 notes). However, these maximum serial numbers have varied over time; older notes can sometimes be found with substantially higher serials. On the large-size notes, before 1928, serial numbers were printed without leading zeroes; thus the first few notes of a series might have had serial numbers A1A, A2A, …, A9A, A10A, and so on. When the serial numbers became inconveniently long, they would begin again at 1 with different prefix and/or suffix letters. Eventually the maximum serial number 100000000 (one hundred million) became fairly standard for most types. When small-size currency was introduced in 1928, one change that was made was the introduction of leading zeroes in the serial numbers, so that every serial number would be eight digits long. The nine-digit number 100000000 continued to be used on the last note of each block, but had to be hand...
5 days ago · RMB is not a currency code but is sometimes used like one in China. The currency symbol is ¥ , but because it is shared with the Japanese yen , CN¥ is sometimes used. However, in written Chinese contexts the Chinese character for yuan (Chinese: 元 ; lit. 'beginning') or, in formal contexts, (Chinese: 圆 ; lit. 'round') usually follows the ...
5 days ago · Uruguayan peso (Spanish: peso uruguayo) has been a name of the Uruguayan currency since Uruguay's settlement by Europeans. The present currency, the peso uruguayo (ISO 4217 code: UYU) was adopted in 1993 and is subdivided into 100 centésimos. There are no centésimo coins currently in circulation.
3 days ago · The rupiah (Rp) is the official currency of Indonesia.Issued and controlled by Bank Indonesia, its ISO 4217 currency code is IDR. The name "rupiah" is derived from the Sanskrit word for silver, rupyakam (रूप्यकम्).
- Bank Indonesia
2 days ago · The dinar (Arabic: دينار Dīnār Baḥrēnī) (sign: .د.ب or BD; code: BHD) is the currency of Bahrain. It is divided into 1000 fils (فلس). The Bahraini dinar is abbreviated د.ب (Arabic) or BD (Latin). It is usually represented with three decimal places denoting the fils. The name dinar derives from the Roman denarius
3 days ago · The Qatari riyal (sign: QR or ر.ق; code: QAR) is the currency of the State of Qatar.It is divided into 100 dirhams (Arabic: درهم ) and is abbreviated as either QR or ر.ق (Arabic).
3 days ago · The currency used in Ukraine is the Ukrainian hryvnia. The sign used to denote it is ₴ and its ISO code is UAH. The table below shows the latest UAH exchange rates with major currencies such as the euro (EUR), British pound (GBP), and US dollar (USD).
5 days ago · Sovereign Currency of the United States is USN. Digital Currency. Conversion in the future from a Fiat crypto currency into gold backed basel III IV and V compliant coin. The coins themselves and the virtual coins will have barcodes (ownership) and GPS tracking devices (location)