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  1. William of Winchester, Lord of Lunenburg - Wikipedia

    William of Winchester (11 April 1184 – 13 December 1213), also called in English William of Lunenburg ( German: Wilhelm von Lüneburg) or William Longsword, a member of the House of Welf, was heir to his family's allodial lands in the Duchy of Saxony after the deposition of his father, Duke Henry the Lion in 1180.

  2. William of Winchester, Lord of Lüneburg

    William (11 April 1184, Winchester – 13 December 1213), called William of Winchester, William Longsword, or William of Lüneburg, was the youngest son of Duke Henry the Lion. William was born in England during his father's exile; he remained there when Henry returned to Saxony and was raised at Richard Lionheart's court.

  3. William Wirt Winchester - Wikipedia

    William Wirt Winchester (June 22, 1837 – March 7, 1881) was the treasurer of the Winchester Repeating Arms Company, a position he held until his death in 1881.

  4. William of Wykeham | English prelate and statesman | Britannica

    Sep 23, 2020 · William of Wykeham, Wykeham also spelled Wickham, (born 1324, Wickham, Hampshire, Eng.—died Sept. 27, 1404, Bishops Waltham, Hampshire), English prelate and statesman, the founder of Winchester College and of New College, Oxford.

  5. William Winchester - Historical records and family trees ...

    William Parsons Winchester, 1801 - 1850 William Parsons Winchester was born on month day 1801, at birth place, Massachusetts, to Edmund Winchester and Prudence Winchester (born Skillings). Edmund was born on March 27 1772, in Newton, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States.

  6. William Winchester (1796-1854) - Find A Grave Memorial

    Muncy Luminary 1/18/1854 Died in Newbury on the 7th inst Mr. William Winchester, Sen of Worchester Mass in his 58th year.

  7. William Wirt Winchester (1837 - 1881) - Genealogy

    May 23, 2018 · William Wirt Winchester (1837 – March 7, 1881) was the second president of the Winchester Repeating Arms Company from 1880 to 1881. He was the son of Oliver Fisher Winchester and Jane Ellen Hope and was born in Boston.

  8. William of Wykeham - Hampshire History
    • Who Then Recognized in William de Wykeham The Man He Would Become?
    • Wykeham on The Rise
    • Re-Building of Windsor Castle
    • The Death of Bishop Edington in 1366
    • The Founding of Winchester College
    • William Was An Old Man But He Could Not Escape The Political Turmoil of The Time
    • The Death of William of Wykeham

    The clue might lie in who he worked for when he completed his education at Winchester. It is thought he became secretary to Nicholas Uvedale, Lord of the Manor of Wickham and Constable of Winchester Castle. Might this man be responsible for elevating William from Wickham to Winchester? Furthermore Nicholas Uvedale introduced him to Bishop Erdington of Winchester, who in turn introduced him to King Edward III.

    Wykeham was given a position in the King’s service. The earliest record is of him holding a position as Clerk of all the King’s Works in his Manors of Henley and Easthampstead He he was made Surveyor of the King’s Works at the Castle and in the Park of Windsor. He had no further education, he did not attend university and yet he seemed to have an innate understanding of architecture and of business.

    Wykeham was still in his early twenties when it is recorded that he advised King Edward III of his remodeling ofWindsor Castle in 1357. An inner gatehouse with cylindrical towers was built along with royal apartments with separate rooms for the King and Queen arranged around a series of internal courts. The King’s aim was to create one large palace containing both the State Apartments and the monarchs own private apartments, in a single unified residence. William was the sole supervisor of the project. It cost the King a small fortune which bears out the esteem the King must have held Wykeham. The King recognized the solid virtues of Wykeham and began to reward him with both position and began to reward Wykeham bountifully. In 1361 that he was admitted to the Order of Acolyte, ordained Sub-Deacon, on 12th March 1362 and he bacame a priest on 12th June 1363. Ecclesiastical preferments to the Rectory of Pulham in Norfolk in 1357 and then to the prebend of Flixton in the dioc...

    The King wasted no time in proposing William of Wykeham for the position. The year was 1367 and William was just 42 years old when he became Bishop of Winchester. The King had already made him Lord High Chancellor of England. There were murmerings of discontent about the power of churchmen in decisions of government but Bishop Wykeham manged to steer a steady path between the two, maintaining the respect of all.

    Wykeham was never totally comfortable with his worldly goods, he gave great thought to founding an institution that would serve itself without falling foul of abuse by others. The establishment of a college seemed the perfect solution. The Winchester College would be a preparatory school for a College at Oxford, which he was also founding, he would call this college, St Mary College of Winchester in Oxford. The two foundations would teach students in theology, science and the arts. In 1373, a school at Winchester was first opened, founded wholly by the munificence of the high-minded Bishop of Winchester, William of Wykeham. It remains today the oldest scholarly foundation in the country. The students should, like him, come from poor backgrounds and be tutored at his expense. His was a liberal and generous act, coupled with an innate understanding of what was required to improve the situation in church and ultimately government.

    The Bishop of Winchester was one of the fourteen persons appointed in 1386, on the petition of the Parliament instigated by the King’s uncle, the Duke of Gloucester, to be a council to the King for one year and to exercise all the powers of Government. The King retaliated and the council was declared null and void and all of those involved guilty of treason. Upon this, the Duke of Gloucester and his friends raised an army of forty thousand men. This enormous force set camp close to London and from here they sent a deputation, including the Bishop of Winchester to the King with their proposals and returned with the King’s answers. Neither side would yield and the battles continued. To find out more about this period of history,click here. Bishop Wykeham of Winchester, was requested again by the King to accept the Great Seal. Wykeham remained Chancellor till the 27th September 1391, when he retired from office. In 1397, when the Duke of Gloucester was put to death and others found gui...

    William died at his EpiscopalPalace of Bishop’s Waltham, not far from Wickham where he was born, at about eight o’clock on the morning of Saturday 27th September 1404 at the grand old age of 80 years. He was buried in Winchester Cathedral, in a wonderful Chantry Chapel he had prepared some years before.

  9. Sarah Winchester, The Woman Behind The Winchester Mystery House
    • Sarah Winchester’s Early Life
    • Tragedy Strikes The Winchester Family
    • A Message from Beyond
    • The Winchester Mystery House
    • More Than Just A Mansion
    • A Peaceful Death For Sarah Winchester After A Restless Life
    • The Winchester Movie — Truth Or Fiction?

    Prior to the building of the Winchester Mystery House — and perhaps to the dismay of horror buffs — Sarah Winchester was an ordinary, albeit wealthy, woman. Born in New Haven, Connecticut to upper-class parents around 1840, Sarah Winchester enjoyed the spoils of a luxurious life. Her father, Leonard Pardee, was a successful carriage manufacturer, and her mother was popular in the upper echelons of New Haven’s society. The family ensured that their seven children were well rounded: Sarah learned four languages as a child and was admitted to the “Young Ladies Collegiate Institute” at Yale College. Her high position in society put Sarah in an excellent position for marriage to an equally-privileged man. To make matters easier, the Pardee family was acquainted with several other affluent families through their church. By the time Sarah was of age to marry, her parents already had someone in mind — a man who would ensure their daughter would be taken care of for her entire life. His name...

    William and Sarah Winchester marriedin September 1862. During the marriage, William worked as treasurer for his family’s company alongside his father. Four years into the marriage, Sarah bore a daughter named Annie Pardee Winchester. Unfortunately, the Winchesters’ joy would be short-lived. Just 40 days after her birth, young Annie would die of marasmus, a rare disease in which the body suffers malnutrition due to an inability to metabolize proteins. By some accounts, Sarah never quite recovered from the death of her infant daughter. Though she and William remained married, Sarah became increasingly distressed, often over the source of the company’s — and thus her own — wealth. In her eyes, the Winchester family business profited from death, something she couldn’t cope with. To further complicate matters, William’s father Oliver died in 1880, leaving the company in the hands of his only son. Then, just a year later, William himself suddenly fell ill and died from tuberculosis, leavi...

    In Sarah Winchester’s opinion, her newfound fortune was blood money, earned from what she saw as the untimely deaths of thousands of people. In her search for what to do with the money, Winchester sought the help of a medium in Boston, a few hours north of her New Haven home. As the story goes, Winchester shared her guilt over the numerous victims of Winchester guns with the medium. According to him, Sarah would be tormented unless she appeased the spirits of these victims. He told her that the only way to do that was to move west and build a house for the lost souls. Not one to risk eternal damnation at the hands of angry spirits, Sarah Winchester made it her mission to follow the medium’s advice. Soon after her visit, she packed up and moved as far west from New England as she could — to the sunny bayside city of San Jose, California.

    In 1884, Sarah Winchester purchased an unfinished farmhouse in the Santa Clara Valley. Instead of hiring an architect, she enlisted the services of a team of carpenters and directed them to build directly onto the farmhouse as she saw fit. Before long the rundown farmhouse was a seven-story mansion, built by a team working round the clockwhile Winchester was also regularly visited by spiritualists and mediums from across the city. According to local legend, Winchester invited these spiritualists to direct her on how to best to appease the spirits (still, it would seem, fearing a life of endless haunting). Whatever the answer from these spiritualists was, Winchester never ceased construction on her mansion, continuously making additions and adjustments for the sake of its spectral inhabitants. In an effort to “confuse” any ghosts hoping to contact her directly, Sarah Winchester added several unusual touches: staircases that ended abruptly, windows that opened to interior rooms, doorw...

    Although Sarah is best known for building what would come to be known as the Winchester Mystery House, she also left other marks on the world. Four years into the construction of the mansion, Sarah Winchester purchased a 140-acre patch of land in what is now downtown Los Altos, California, as well as a nearby farmhouse for her sister and brother-in-law. While she lived at the Winchester mansion during its construction, Sarah also maintained a houseboat in San Francisco in her later years. Local legend claims that Winchester kept the boat, known as “Sarah’s Ark,” as an insurance policy for an Old Testament-style flood that Winchester imagined coming in the future. The more likely explanation, however, is that the wealthy socialites Winchester spent time with also had houseboats, and the Ark was a way of maintaining her status.

    From the time she moved to San Jose in the late 1800s, Sarah Winchester made quite the name for herself thanks to her obsession with the afterlife. She had to put up with rumors of insanityand supernatural possession for the duration of her life. Then, in September 1922, Sarah Winchester passed away peacefully in her sleep. Her house went into the hands of her secretary and niece, who sold it at auction. Today, it remains a bustling tourist attraction in San Jose, drawing everyone’s attention with its strange hallways, doors, windows, and over 160 rooms.

    In the last couple of years, the house and Sarah Winchester herself have seen a resurgence in popularity thanks to the release of the horror film Winchester. Starring Helen Mirren as Sarah Winchester, the film depicts a woman crippled by grief who builds a house to appease the spirits of her husband’s bloody business. Unfortunately, that’s the full extent to which the film matches up with reality. While Sarah Winchester did build the house to appease something, it was likely her own guilt rather than supernatural entities. Sarah Winchester did what she thought was right to atone for her husband’s sins, leaving behind a mysterious life in the process. Most importantly, there is no proof of demonic possession, ghostly apparitions, or any kind of hauntings in the Winchester house. But that hasn’t stopped urban legends to continue to circle this curious building and drive thousands of people to see it every year. Next, check out the full story of Sarah Winchester’s Winchester Mystery Ho...

  10. Winchester Mystery House: The True Story Behind The Bizarre ...

    Apr 27, 2013 · Sarah Winchester was the widow of William Wirt Winchester, heir to the Winchester Repeating Arms Company. Born around 1840, Sarah Winchester grew up in a world of privilege. She spoke four languages, attended the best schools around, married well, and eventually gave birth to a daughter, Annie.