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  1. Africa - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Africa
    • History
    • Climate
    • Plants and Animals
    • Politics
    • People
    • African Diaspora
    • Other Websites

    The history of Africa begins from the first modern human beingsand leads to its present difficult state as a politically developing continent. Africa's ancient historic period includes the rise of Egyptian civilization, the further development of societies outside the Nile River Valley and the interaction between them and civilizations outside of Africa. In the late 7th century North and East Africa were heavily influenced by the spread of Islam. That led to the appearance of new cultures such as those of the Swahili people, and the Mali Empire, whose king, Musa Keita I, became one of the richest and most influential people of the early 14th century. This also led to an increase in the slave tradethat had a very bad influence for the development of the whole continent until the 19th century.

    From north to south, Africa has most types of climate. In sequence from the north: 1. Alpine and mediterranean climate 2. Dry sandy desert 3. Fairly dry savannah (grassland) 4. Rain forest 5. More grassland 6. More deserts 7. Table Mountain Running north-east to the south is the East African Great Rift Valley. This has mountains, volcanoes, deep rifts and valleys, rivers and lakes. In fact Africa has examples of most of the Earth's climate types.

    Africa has a lot of wildlife. There are many types of animals there. In particular, it is now the only continent that has many native species of large mammals. Some of them occur in very large numbers. There are antelope, buffalo, zebra, cheetah, elephant, lion, giraffe, rhinoceros, apes, hyaena, and a lot more. Over 2,000 types of fish live in African lakes and rivers.

    The African Union (AU) is an international organisation. It aims to transform the African Economic Community, a federated commonwealth, into a state under established international conventions. The African Union has a parliamentary government, known as the African Union Government, consisting of legislative, judicial and executive organs. It is led by the African Union President and Head of State, who is also the President of the Pan African Parliament. A person becomes President of the AU by being elected to the PAP, and then gaining majority support in the PAP. Extensive human rights abuses still occur in several parts of Africa, often under the oversight of the state. Most of such violations occur for political reasons, often as a side effect of civil war. Countries where major human rights violations have been reported in recent times include Uganda, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Sudan, Zimbabwe, and Côte d'Ivoire.There are 54 UN member states in Africa.

    People who come from Africa are called Africans. People in the north are called North Africans and people in the south are called South Africans. Languages in eastern Africa include Swahili, Oromo and Amharic. Languages in western Africa include Lingala, Igbo and Fulani. The most populated country in Africa is Nigeria.

    Countries with significant African descendents outside Africa: 1. Haiti: 98% 2. Saint Kitts and Nevis: 96.9% 3. Anguilla: 91.4% 4. Bahamas: 86.1% 5. Barbados: 81.1% 6. Jamaica: 76.3% 7. Dominican Republic: 71.1% 8. Cayman Islands: 60.0% 9. Trinidad and Tobago: 39.5% 10. Cuba: 34.9% 11. Turks and Caicos: 34.0% 12. Belize: 29.8% 13. Venezuela: 24.0% 14. Panama: 22.0% 15. Colombia: 21.0% 16. Brazil: 13-19% 17. United States: 12.9% 18. Puerto Rico: 6.9% 19. Argentina: less than 2%

    African & Middle Eastern Reading Room from the United States Library of Congress
    Africa South of the Sahara from Stanford University
    • 36.4/km² (94/sq mi)
    • $2.45 trillion (2019; 5th)
    • 30,370,000 km² (11,730,000 sq mi) (2nd)
    • 1,225,080,510 (2016; 2nd)
  2. Africa (disambiguation) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Africa_(disambiguation)

    Africa (Roman province), a province of the Roman Empire comprising parts of Northern Africa. Kingdom of Africa and Ifriqiya, Norman and Maghrebis ( Hafsid) territorial units, both named after the Roman Province, and covering roughly the same area. Africa, Ohio, an unincorporated community located in Delaware County.

  3. African - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › African

    African (s) may refer to: Anything from or pertaining to the continent of Africa : People who are native to Africa, descendants of natives of Africa, or individuals who trace their ancestry to indigenous inhabitants of Africa. Ethnic groups of Africa. African diaspora.

  4. List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa ...

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › List_of_sovereign_states

    This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa. It includes both fully recognised states, states with limited or zero recognition, and dependent territories of both African and non-African states. It lists 56 sovereign states (54 of which are member states of the United Nations ), two non-sovereign (dependent ...

    English short name and formal name
    Local short name (s) and formal name (s)
    Capital
    Population (2018)
    Algeria People's Democratic Republic of ...
    Arabic: — الجزائر الجمهورية الجزائرية ...
    Algiers Arabic: الجزائر ‎ ( Al Jazā’ir ...
    42,228,408
    Angola Republic of Angola
    Portuguese: Angola—República de ...
    Luanda Portuguese: Luanda
    30,809,787
    Benin Republic of Benin
    French: Bénin—République du Bénin
    Porto-Novo French: Porto-Novo
    11,485,044
    Botswana Republic of Botswana
    English: Botswana—Republic of Botswana ...
    Gaborone English: Gaborone Tswana: ...
    2,254,068
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  6. Africa (Toto song) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Africa_(Toto_song)
    • Overview
    • Background
    • Composition
    • Music video
    • Legacy

    "Africa" is a song by American rock band Toto, the tenth and final track on their fourth studio album Toto IV. It was released as a single through Columbia Records on October 30, 1982, the album's third single overall and second in Europe. The song was written by band members David Paich and Jeff Porcaro, produced by the band, and mixed by Grammy-winning engineer Elliot Scheiner. Critics praised its composition and Toto's performances. The song reached number one on the United States' Billboard

    The initial idea and lyrics for the song came from David Paich. Paich was playing around with a new keyboard, the CS-80, and found the brassy sound that became the opening riff. He completed the melody and lyrics for the chorus in about ten minutes, much to Paich's surprise. "I sang the chorus out as you hear it. It was like God channeling it. I thought, 'I'm talented, but I'm not that talented. Something just happened here!'" Paich reckons that he refined the lyrics for six months before showin

    Musically, the song took some time to assemble. Steve Porcaro, the band's synth player, introduced Paich to the Yamaha CS-80, a polyphonic analog synthesizer, and instructed him to write a song specifically with the keyboard in mind. Paich gravitated towards a brassy flute sound, which he found to be a unique alternative to the piano. Porcaro programmed six tracks of a Yamaha GS 1 digital piano to emulate the sound of a kalimba. Each track featured a one-three note gamelan phrase with different

    The music video used the radio edit and was directed by Steve Barron. In the video, a researcher in a library tries to match a scrap of a picture of a shield to the book from which it was torn out. As he continues his search, a librarian working at a nearby desk takes occasional notice of him, while a native in the surrounding jungle begins to close in on the library. When the researcher finds a book titled Africa, the native throws a spear at a bookshelf, toppling stacks of books. Africa falls

    The song was popular upon its release, hitting number one on the Billboard Hot 100 in February 1983, and the song has continued to be a popular soft-rock classic up to the 21st century. The song has been utilized in many internet memes, has appeared in television shows, such as Stranger Things, Family Guy, Chuck, and South Park, and was used by CBS during their 2013 coverage of the funeral of former South African President Nelson Mandela, albeit not without controversy. In 2012, "Africa" was lis

    • "Good for You", "We Made It"
    • May 10, 1982
  7. South Africa - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › South_Africa
    • History
    • Geography
    • Economy
    • Population
    • Provinces
    • Society and Culture
    • Military
    • Related Pages

    The first European people to come to South Africa were Portuguese explorers. In 1487, Bartolomeu Dias found what he called the "Cape of Storms". The king of Portugal changed it to "Cape of Good Hope". He called it this because the cape gave the Portuguese a new chance to find a sea route to India. In 1652, Jan van Riebeeck colonized the Cape. He started the camp for the Dutch East India Company. This was so that they could give fresh food to ships on their way to the south of Asia. There were very few native people living in the Cape. Because of this, slaves were brought from Indonesia, Madagascar and India to work at the colony. In 1795, Great Britain took the Cape from the Dutch East India Company, to stop France from taking it. The British gave it back in 1803 but then annexed the Cape in 1807 when the Dutch East India Companywent bankrupt. Diamonds were found in South Africa in 1867. Gold was found in 1884. This made a great number of people to come to South Africa from Europe....

    South Africa is found at the southernmost region of Africa, with a long coastline that reaches more than 2,500 km (1,553 mi) and along two oceans (the South Atlantic and the Indian). At 1,219,912 km2 (471,011 sq mi), South Africa is the 25th-largest country in the world and is almost the size of Colombia. Njesuthi in the Drakensbergat 3,408 m (11,181 ft) is the highest part in South Africa. The back of South Africa is a big and flat. It is a very populated scrubland, the Karoo, which is drier towards the northwest along the Namib desert. The eastern coastline however, is well-watered, which makes a climatekind of like the tropics. To the north of Johannesburg, the altitude drops beyond the escarpment of the Highveld. It then turns into the lower lying Bushveld, an area of mixed dry forest and a lot of wildlife. East of the Highveld, beyond the eastern escarpment, the Lowveld reaches towards the Indian Ocean. It has mostly high temperatures, and is also the location of subtropical ag...

    South Africa's economy is divided. It is divided between First World and Third World standards. The developed part of the economy is similar to that of most nations with wealth (for example, Britain or Australia). The rest of the economy is closer to that of poor nations, such as the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The main companies in South Africa are mining (mostly for gold and diamonds), car making, and service industries, such as insurance. Unemployment is very high. Income inequality is about the same as Brazil. During 1995–2003, the number of older jobs went down. Informal jobs went up. Overall unemployment got worse. The average South African household income went down a lot between 1995 and 2000. As for racial inequality, Statistics South Africa said that in 1995 the average white household earned four times as much as the average black household. In 2000 the average white family was earning six times more than the average black household. The action policies have seen a...

    South Africa is a nation of about 50 million people of diverse origins, cultures, languages, and religions. The last census was held in 2001 and the next will be in 2011. Statistics South Africa had five racial categories by which people could classify themselves, the last of which, "unspecified/other" drew "not needed" responses, and these results were not counted. The 2009 middle-year estimated figures for the other categories were Black African at 79.3%, White at 9.1%, Colored at 9.0%, and Asianat 2.6%. Even though the population of South Africa has grown in the past decade (mostly because of immigration), the country had an yearly population growth rate of −0.501% in 2008 (CIA est.), counting immigration. The CIA thinks that in 2009 South Africa's population started to grow again, at a rate of 0.281%. South Africa is home to an estimated 5 million illegal immigrants, counting about 3 million Zimbabweans. A seriesof anti-immigrant riots happened in South Africa beginning on 11 Ma...

    South Africa is divided into 9 provinces. The provinces are in turn divided into 52 districts: 8 metropolitan and 44 district municipalities. The district municipalities are further divided into 226 local municipalities.

    It may be suggested that there is no single South African culture because of its ethnic diversity. Today, the diversity in foods from many cultures is enjoyed by all and marketed to tourists who wish to taste South African food. Food is not the only thing, music and dance is there too. South African food is mostly meat-based and has spawned the South African social gathering known as a braai, or barbecue. South Africa has also developed into a big wine maker. It has some of the best vineyards lying in valleysaround Stellenbosch, Franschoek, Paarl and Barrydale. South Africa is the only Western country of Africa.Most South African blacks still have poor lives. It is among these people, however, that cultural traditions live most strongly. This is because blacks have become urbanised and Westernised, much parts of traditional culture have fallen. Urban blacks normally speak English or Afrikaans in addition to their native tongue. There are smaller but still important groups of speaker...

    South Africa's military is the most powerful in southern Africa. South Africa spends more on its military than any of its neighboring countries do. They have very advanced weapons as a result. South Africa used to have nuclear weapons, but they were taken apart in 1993.

  8. Atlas of Africa - Wikimedia Commons

    commons.wikimedia.org › wiki › Atlas_of_Africa

    Jan 06, 2020 · Africa. Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. At about 30,221,532 km² (11,668,545 mi²) including adjacent islands, it covers 6.0% of the Earth's total surface area, and 20.4% of the total land area. With more than 890,000,000 people (as of 2005) in 61 territories, it accounts for about 14% of the ...

  9. Africa Addio - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Africa_Addio

    Africa Addio (also known as Africa: Blood and Guts in the United States and Farewell Africa in the United Kingdom) is a 1966 Italian mondo documentary film co-directed, co-edited and co-written by Gualtiero Jacopetti and Franco Prosperi with music by Riz Ortolani.

  10. FIBA Africa - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › FIBA_Africa

    FIBA Africa is a zone within the FIBA basketball association which contains all 54 national African FIBA federations. It was founded in 1961. FIBA Africa maintains offices in Cairo and in Abidjan.

    Country
    Rank (Aug 2016)
    Association
    FIBA affiliation
    1963
    1961
    Moroccan Royal Basketball Federation – ...
    1936
    Fédération Tunnisienne de Basket-Ball – ...
    1956
    • 54 national associations
    • Anibal Manave Mozambique
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