Air Canada is the flag carrier and the largest airline of Canada by fleet size and passengers carried. It is headquartered in the city of Montreal, Quebec.The airline, founded in 1937, provides scheduled and charter air transport for passengers and cargo to 207 destinations worldwide.
Air Canada began on September 1, 1937. It was first called Trans-Canada Air Lines. The first flight was from Vancouver to Seattle. The airline's name changed to Air Canada in 1964. Air Canada was privatized in 1989. A large strike was launched by Air Canada pilots in September 1998. Air Canada bought Canadian Airlines in 2000.
Air Canada's Airbus A340-500s were retired in November 2007 and replaced by Boeing 777-200LRs. Air Canada was the only North American airline to operate the A340. Air Canada's Airbus A340-300s were retired in November 2008 and replaced by Boeing 777-300ERs. Air Canada's Boeing 767-200ER fleet was retired from service by the end of 2008.
Air Canada Flight 018 Stowaway incident was a stowaway incident that occurred on October 29, 2010, when a young man of Chinese descent illegally boarded Air Canada flight 018 from Hong Kong to Vancouver. The young male passenger was seen wearing a particular silicone mask in order to impersonate a white elderly person.
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Air Canada was incorporated as Trans-Canada Air Lines by an Act of Parliament on 10 April 1937 to provide a publicly owned air transportation service. Stock was vested in Canadian National Railways (CNR). Scheduled operations commenced on 1 September 1937 when passenger and mail service was inaugurated between Vancouver, BC, and Seattle, Washington. Transcontinental passenger and mail service was introduced on 1 April 1939 from Montréal/Toronto to Vancouver via Ottawa, North Bay, Kapuskasing, Winnipeg, Regina, Lethbridge and Edmonton routes with the fleet of 12 10-passenger Lockheed 14Hs and six 14-passenger Lockheed Lodestars. The name of the airline was changed by an Act of Parliament from Trans-Canada Airlinesto Air Canada in 1964. Under the Air Canada Act of 1977, the airline's charter was brought up to date. The common shares passed from CNR to the Crown and the company was made subject to the jurisdiction of the Canadian Transport Commission. In 1987 the airline introduced rou...
Like most other airlines, Air Canada expanded dramatically in the 1960s and 1970s, but amid rising fuel costs and price wars recession hit in the mid-1970s. Before restrictions were removed for CP Air, Air Canada had 77.8% of domestic traffic. However, passengers and cargo declined drastically in the early 1980s. The company responded with pay cuts and equipment sales. In 1986 Air Canada's investment in other companies included GPA Group Ltd (22.7%), Innotech Aviation Ltd (30%), MATAC Cargo Ltd (50%) and Global Travel Corporate Holdings Ltd (86.5%). Air Canada purchased Nordair in 1979 and sold it in May 1984. In 1983 the airline suffered three incidents: a DC-9 skidded off an icy runway at Regina; on June 2, 23 passengers were killed in a fire of a DC-9 at Cincinnati; and a B-767 ran out of fuel and was guided by its pilot, with luck and skill, to a safe landing at Gimli. In 1984 Economic Regulatory Reform (ERR) introduced a deregulation program that generated significant changes i...
The government privatized the company in 1989 but its financial losses continued. In summer 1992 Air Canada and Canadian Airlines began negotiating a merger that was ultimately unsuccessful. Air Canada entered into an agreement with Continental in December 1992. In 1995 the Open Skies Agreement signed by Jean Chrétien and Bill Clinton gave carriers on both sides of the Canada-US border access to trans-border markets. In 1997 Air Canada operated a fleet of 219 aircraft, with more than 1200 scheduled daily flights to 120 destinations in Canada, the US, the Caribbean, the Middle East and Asia. In 1999 it appeared that the future of the company was again in doubt, with rival takeover bids under consideration. It was apparent that CAI would need substantial financial bolstering to continue operating as a major national airline. In June, Air Canada proposed to purchase CAI's international routes. The government suspended competition rules to 90 days to allow the airlines and other interes...
The honeymoon would not last long as Air Canada turned into a bigger target for discount carriers, notably WestJet of Calgary, Alberta. At the end of 2000, the company issued a profit warning and cut 3500 jobs. Following the events of 11 September 2001 when terrorists attacked the World Trade Center in New York, Air Canada, like much of the rest of the world's carriers, experienced significant turmoil, turmoil that would see it undergo a massive restructuring effort. Immediately following the terrorist attacks, Air Canada appealed to the Canadian government for $4 billion in aid and also moved to cut 5000 jobs and ground 84 of its aircraft. In early October, in an effort to respond to the success of WestJet's business model, Air Canada launched a discount brand, Tango, but soon realized that the move did not go far enough. On 27 March 2002, Air Canada launched a low-fare subsidiary, Jazz, combining the assets of its former regional carriers (Air Ontario, Air BC, Air Nova, and Canadi...
The carrier that many still regard as "Canada's national airline" has come a long way since its celebrated launch in 1937. The consequences of being a full participant in the marketplace, whether from increasing competition or a cyclical economy, have left their mark and Air Canada is, it appears, in the final stages of one of the most defining and challenging situations in its history. The outcome, whichever way it may go, will no doubt have a lasting effect on the way Canadians travel.
Air Canada Air Canada Centre 7373 Côte Vertu Boulevard West Saint-Laurent, Quebec  H4Y 1H4 Canada  Telephone: (514) 422-5000 Fax: (514) 422-5909 Web site: https://www.aircanada.ca Public Company Incorporated: 1937 as Trans-Canada Air Lines Employees: 36,000 Sales: C$9.83 billion (US$6.23 bil
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America.Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world's second-largest country by total area.
1867 – The Manchester Martyrs were hanged in Manchester, England, for killing a police officer while helping two Irish nationalists escape from police custody.; 1876 – William "Boss" Tweed (pictured), a New York City politician who had been arrested for embezzlement, was handed over to US authorities after having escaped from prison and fled to Spain.
Canada is a Commonwealth realm member of the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie, and part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G8, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic ...