en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alhambra#:~:text=The Alhambra (/ælˈhæmbrə/; Spanish: [aˈlambɾa]; Arabic: الْحَمْرَاء [ʔælħæmˈɾˠɑːʔ],,and fortress complex located in Granada, Andalusia, Spain.
- The Alhambra (/ælˈhæmbrə/; Spanish: [aˈlambɾa]; Arabic: الْحَمْرَاء [ʔælħæmˈɾˠɑːʔ], Al-Ḥamrāʾ, lit. "The Red One", the complete Arabic form of which was Qalat Al-Hamra) is a palace and fortress complex located in Granada , Andalusia, Spain.
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The Alhambra (/ æ l ˈ h æ m b r ə / (), Spanish: ; Arabic: الْحَمْرَاء , romanized: Al-Ḥamrāʾ, pronounced [alħamˈraːʔ], lit. 'The Red One') is a palace and fortress complex located in Granada, Andalusia, Spain.
Alhambra, palace and fortress of the Moorish monarchs of Granada, Spain. It was constructed on a plateau that overlooks the city, built chiefly between 1238 and 1358. After the expulsion of the Moors in 1492, it was partially effaced and portions were rebuilt in Renaissance style.
- UNESCO World Heritage Site
- The Alhambra Complex
- Who Built The Alhambra?
- Early Alhambra Development
- End of Islamic Rule
- Alhambra Today
In 1984, the Alhambra was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site along with two other related sites: the Albaicín (or Albayzín) and the Generalife Garden.The Alhambra is located west of the city of Granada on the Sabika hill—a strategic vantage point that provides views of the whole city of Granada and the plain (vega) of Granada.The complex is irregular in shape and surrounded by defensive walls. In all, the Alhambra spans nearly 26 acres, with more than a mile of walls, 30 towers and numer...
During its prime, the Alhambra had three main sections: The Alcazaba, a military base that housed guards and their families; the palatial zone, which contained several palaces for the sultan and his kin; and the Medina, a quarter where court officials lived and worked.The Nasrid palaces were divided into three independent areas. These areas included the Mexuar, a semipublic part of the palace (for justice administration and state affairs); the Comares Palace, the official residence of the sul...
The oldest part of the Alhambra is the Alcazaba, a fortress with multiple towers. Though the Nasrid dynasty fortified the Alcazaba and used it as a military base for the royal guard of the sultan, experts believe the structure was built before Muslims arrived to Granada.The first historical records of the Alcazaba (and the greater Alhambra) date to the 9th century. They refer to a man named Sawwar ben Hamdun who had sought refuge in the Alcazaba fortress due to civil fights between Muslims an...
The Alhambra wasn’t the construction project of a single ruler, but rather the work of successive rulers of the Nasrid dynasty.Mohammed I laid the foundations for Alhambra by fortifying the royal site. He reinforced the Sabika Alcazaba by constructing three new towers: The Broken Tower, the Keep, and the Watch Tower.He also canalized water from the Darro River, further allowing him to establish a royal residence at the Alcazaba. Mohammed I built warehouses or halls for soldiers and younger gu...
In 1492, King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabella of Castile conquered Granada, unifying Spain under a Catholic monarchy and ending centuries of Islamic rule (they exiled the last Nasrid ruler, Muhammad XII, known as Boabdil to Spanish historians).The Alhambra soon underwent many changes.Charles V, who ruled Spain as Charles I, ordered the destruction of part of the complex to build a Renaissance-style palace for himself, called the Charles V Palace. He built other structures as well, incl...
In 1829, American author Washington Irving took up residence at the Alhambra. He wrote and published Tales of the Alhambra, a collection of essays and stories about the palatial city.In 2009, on the 150th anniversary of Irving’s death, managers of the Alhambra erected a statue of the writer in a park outside of the palace to commemorate his role in introducing Western audiences to the historical site and Spain’s Islamic history.The Alhambra remains one of the most beautiful historical sites i...
Alhambra Historical introduction; AlhambraDeGranada.org.The Alcazaba; AlhambraDeGranada.org.Generalife; AlhambraDeGranada.org.Alhambra Brief History; Board of the Alhambra and Generalife.The Alhambra; Khan Academy.Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada; UNESCO.Tales of the Alhambra; The Atlantic.The Art of the Nasrid Period (1232–1492); MET Museum.Alhambra Setting; Board of the Alhambra and Generalife.
The Alhambra Palace is one of Spain’s most important tourist attractions and rightfully so. The massive complex is a testimony to the refined and elegant Moorish civilization of Al-Andalus that flourished here between the 9 th and 15 th centuries. It also tells the unique history of Granada, Andalusia and even Spain.
In addition to your visit to the Alhambra and the Generalife you can do other activities rooted in the culture of the Granadian city. A tablao flamenco is a place where flamenco shows take place. Heiress of the old café singer from the 1960s, they are local with an intimate and concentrated atmosphere.
Nowadays the Alhambra Palace in Granada is considered a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a symbol of Spain’s and Europe’s culture. The number of visits to the Alhambra Palace sky rocketed years ago and reached a whooping two million people per year. The Alhambra Palace in the city of Granada was: a palace, citadel, and fortress.
The oldest five star hotel in Spain. Living History in tourism since 1910. Luxury Palace hotel inspired by the Alhambra Palace monument itself, faithful representative of a renewed tradition and high European hospitality. Culture, pleasure, elegance and aristocracy coexist in this centenary hotel, pioneer of tourism in Andalusia and Spain.
- Plaza Arquitecto García de Paredes 1, Granada, 18009
- 958 22 14 68
A short walk further on brings you to the Iglesia de Santa María de la Alhambra, built between 1581 and 1618 on the site of the Alhambra's mosque. Beyond the church, the Palacio de Carlos V clashes spectacularly with its surroundings. The hulking palace, begun in 1527 by the Toledo architect Pedro Machuca, features a monumental facade and a two-tiered circular courtyard ringed by 32 columns.
- Granada, Granada Province
- 858 95 36 16
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