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  1. Sakharov at a conference of the USSR Academy of Sciences on 1 March 1989. Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov (Russian: Андрей Дмитриевич Сахаров, IPA: [ɐnˈdrʲej ˈdmʲitrʲɪjevʲɪtɕ ˈsaxərəf]; 21 May 1921 – 14 December 1989) was a Soviet nuclear physicist, dissident, nobel laureate and activist for nuclear disarmament ...

  2. Andrey Sakharov, in full Andrey Dmitriyevich Sakharov, (born May 21, 1921, Moscow, Russia—died December 14, 1989, Moscow), Soviet nuclear theoretical physicist, an outspoken advocate of human rights, civil liberties, and reform in the Soviet Union as well as rapprochement with noncommunist nations. In 1975 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace. Sakharov was born into the Russian ...

    • Thomas B. Cochran
  3. Andrei Sakharov Biographical . Translation from the Russian text. Biography in Russian (pdf). I was born on 21 May 1921. My father was a well-known teacher of physics and the author of textbooks, exercise books and works of popular science.

  4. The 21st of May marks the centenary of the birth of Andrei Sakharov, one of the great physicists of the twentieth century who was also one of the world’s most courageous and renowned proponents of freedom and human rights. As the key figure in the Soviet Union’s development of a thermonuclear bomb, Sakharov could have enjoyed a life of ...

  5. Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov. The Nobel Peace Prize 1975. Born: 21 May 1921, Moscow, Russia. Died: 14 December 1989, Moscow, USSR (now Russia) Residence at the time of the award: USSR (now Russia) Role: Soviet nuclear physicist. Prize motivation: “for his struggle for human rights in the Soviet Union, for disarmament and cooperation between ...

  6. Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov (1921-1989) was a Soviet nuclear physicist. Often called the “father of the Soviet hydrogen bomb,” he later became a human rights activist and won the 1975 Nobel Peace Prize. Early Years. Sakharov was born into a family of Russian intelligentsia on May 21, 1921 in Moscow.

  7. Sakharov made a number of inventions for the Soviet military industry during the Second World War. He earned his Ph. D. in 1947 and was included in the top-secret Soviet thermonuclear research group under Igor Tamm. In 1949-50 Sakharov became the co-inventor of the controlled hydrogen reaction. Today he is known as "the father of the Soviet ...

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