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  1. Augustus II [a] (12 May 1670 – 1 February 1733), most commonly known as Augustus the Strong, was Elector of Saxony from 1694 as well as King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania in the years 1697–1706 and from 1709 until his death in 1733. He belonged to the Albertine line of the House of Wettin .

  2. Jan 28, 2023 · He tried unsuccessfully to create a hereditary Polish monarchy transmissible to his one legitimate son, Frederick Augustus II (eventually king of Poland as Augustus III), and to secure other lands for his many illegitimate children. But his hopes of establishing a strong monarchy came to naught.

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
  3. Aug 23, 2011 · When it comes to Augustus II the Strong, separating legend from truth becomes tricky. But one thing is certain - the former king of Poland left a lasting mark on Dresden, where he was born.

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  5. Augustus used these feasts, as did all baroque rulers, as occasions for enhancing his status and negotiating with high-ranking guests. Endowed with incredible physical strength, Augustus was rumored to have sired 354 illegitimate children with a series of mistresses, though the actual number was probably closer to ten.

    • He Wasn’t Supposed To Have Power. Augustus II was born in May 1670 to gold and glory. As the son of the current Elector of Saxony, little Augustus wanted for almost nothing as a child.
    • His Brother Died In Infamous Circumstances. In 1694, Augustus’ older brother—who had already inherited the position of Elector—met a scandalous end, contracting smallpox from his mistress and then perishing.
    • His Marriage Was Miserable. Augustus II’s issues started early—just before he became Elector, in fact. The year before his brother conveniently died, the 24-year-old Augustus had married 21-year-old Christiane of Brandenburg-Bayreuth.
    • He Was A Serial Cheater. Growing up as the second son, Augustus II had gotten used to some debauched antics. In particular, he was very used to having a string of mistresses warm his bed, and didn’t like the idea of marriage cramping his style.
  6. Augustus II was called "the Strong" for his bear-like physical strength and for his numerous offspring (only one of them his legitimate child and heir). The most famous of the king's children born out of wedlock was Maurice de Saxe, a brilliant strategist who attained the highest military ranks in the kingdom of France.

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