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    Austria, [c] officially the Republic of Austria, [d] is a landlocked country in the southern part of Central Europe, situated at Eastern Alps. It is a federation of nine states, one of which is the capital Vienna, the largest city and state by population.

  2. La Primera República de Austria se estableció en 1919. En 1938, mediante el proceso conocido como el Anschluss, el país fue ocupado por la Alemania Nazi, hasta el final de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, cuando los aliados ocuparon el territorio.

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    Austria is a democratic republic. It is a neutral state, that means it does not take part in wars with other countries. It has been in the United Nations since 1955 and in the European Unionsince 1995. Austria is also a federal state and divided into nine states (German: Bundesländer): 1. Burgenland (Burgenland) 2. Carinthia (Kärnten) 3. Lower Aust...

    Ancient times

    There has been human settlement in the area that is now Austria for a long time. The first settlers go back to the Paleolithic age. That was the time of the Neanderthals. They left works of art such as the Venus of Willendorf. In the Neolithic age people were living there to dig for mineral resources, especially copper. Ötzi, a mummy found in a glacier between Austria and Italy, is from that time. In the Bronze Age people built bigger settlements and fortresses, especially where there were mi...

    Modern times

    Austria was the Austrian Empire from about 800 to 1867 and was ruled by The House of Habsburg for most of that period. Between 1867 and 1918 it was a part of Austria-Hungary. Then it became a republic. The First Republic was from 1918 to 1938. From 1938 to 1945 Austria was part of Nazi Germany. The Second Republicwas started in 1945.

    Austria is a mountainous country since it is partially in the Alps. Grossglockner is the tallest mountain in Austria. The high mountainous Alps in the west of Austria flatten somewhat into low lands and plains in the east of the country where the Danubeflows.

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  4. The history of Austria covers the history of Austria and its predecessor states, from the Early Stone Age to the present state. The name Ostarrîchi (Austria) has been in use since 996 AD when it was a margravate of the Duchy of Bavaria and from 1156 an independent duchy (later archduchy) of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation (Heiliges Römisches Reich 962–1806).

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    Wöginger • Rendi-Wagner • Kickl • Maurer • Meinl-Reisinger • Federal Council Upper house of parliament Federal Assembly Joint session of both houses Judiciary Constitutional Court Supreme Court of Justice Supreme Administrative Court Elections Legislative: 2013 2017 2019 Presidential: 2004 2010 2016 European: 2009 2014 2019 Political parties People...

    Each Austrian state has an elected legislature, the Landtag, and a state government headed by a governor. Elections are held every five years. The state constitution, among other things, determines how the seats in the state government are assigned to political parties, with most states having a system of proportional representation based on the nu...

    In terms of boundaries, the present-day states arose from the crown lands of Austria-Hungary, an extensive multiethnic realm whose German-speaking nucleus emerged as the Republic of Austria after the dissolution of the Dual Monarchy in the end of World War I. The states of Upper Austria and Lower Austria are essentially equivalent to what were sinc...

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