Bosnia and Herzegovina ( Bosna i Hercegovina / Босна и Херцеговина, pronounced [bôsna i xěrtseɡoʋina] ), abbreviated BiH or B&H, sometimes called Bosnia–Herzegovina and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in South and Southeast Europe, located within the Balkans. Sarajevo is the capital and largest city.
Bosnja dhe Hercegovina (BH) është shtet në jug-lindje të Evropës, i ndodhur në pjesën perëndimore të Gadishullit Ballkanik.Në veri dhe jug kufizohet nga Kroacia ndërsa në lindje kufizohet me Serbien dhe Malin e Zi Ka një dalje në detin Adriatik në afërsi të Mostarit.
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The Bosnian War ( Serbo-Croatian: Rat u Bosni i Hercegovini / Рат у Босни и Херцеговини) was an international armed conflict that took place in Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1992 and 1995. The war is commonly seen as having started on 6 April 1992, following a number of earlier violent incidents.
- 6 April 1992 – 14 December 1995, (3 years, 8 months, 1 week and 6 days)
- Military stalemate, Internal partition of Bosnia and Herzegovina according to the Dayton Accords., Over 101,000 dead, mainly Bosniaks., First genocide in Europe since World War II., Deployment of NATO-led forces to oversee the peace agreement., Establishment of the Office of the High Representative to oversee the civilian implementation of the peace agreement.
Bosnia ( Bosnian: Bosna / Босна, pronounced [bɔ̂sna]) is the northern region of Bosnia and Herzegovina, encompassing roughly 81% of the country; the other region, the southern part, is Herzegovina . The two regions have formed a geopolitical entity since medieval times, and the name "Bosnia" commonly occurs in historical and geopolitical ...
Republika Srpska) Bosnia and Herzegovina portal. v. t. e. Bosnia and Herzegovina, sometimes referred to simply as Bosnia, is a country in Southeast Europe on the Balkan Peninsula. It has had permanent settlement since the Neolithic Age. By the early historical period it was inhabited by Illyrians and Celts.
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The Federation and the Republika Srpska governments are charged with overseeing internal functions. Each has its own government, flag and coat of arms, president, parliament (FBiH) and assembly (RS), police force, customs, and postal system. The police sectors are overseen by the state-level ministry of safety affairs. Since 2005, Bosnia and Herzegovina has one set of Armed forces. The Inter-Entity Boundary Line is not determined by natural geographical features of the country. It rather follows the military front-lines as they were at the end of the Bosnian War. On the ground, there is no active border between RS and FBiH, and one would generally not know the difference when crossing from one entity into another. The city of Brčko in northeastern Bosnia is a seat of the Brčko District, a self-governing administrative unit; it is part of both the Federation and Republika Srpska. The district remains under international supervision. The Federation is further divided into ten cantons,...Bahtić-Kunrath, Birgit (2011). "Of veto players and entity-voting: institutional gridlock in the Bosnian reform process". Nationalities Papers. 39 (6): 899–923. doi:10.1080/00905992.2011.614224. IS...Belloni, Roberto (2009). "Bosnia: Dayton is Dead! Long Live Dayton!". Nationalism and Ethnic Politics. 15 (3–4): 355–375. doi:10.1080/13537110903372367. hdl:11572/76874. ISSN 1353-7113. S2CID 14385...Bose, Sumantra (2005). "The Bosnian State a decade after Dayton". International Peacekeeping. 12 (3): 322–335. doi:10.1080/13533310500074028. ISSN 1353-3312. S2CID 145810090.Cooley, Laurence (2013). "The European Union's approach to conflict resolution: Insights from the constitutional reform process in Bosnia and Herzegovina". Comparative European Politics. 11 (2): 17...A precarious peace, The Economist, 22 January 1998The EU's pseudosuccess in Bosnia, Centre for Eastern Studies2011Bosnia and Herzegovina: Ongoing erosion of the State, Centre for Eastern Studies2011