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  1. Apr 26, 2021 · The colonial city of Cartagena, on the north Caribbean coast of Colombia, is packed with history. Today, the old walled city remains (alongside the skyscraper-filled Bocagrande), as does the ancient fortresses, including the Spanish-built Castillo de San Felipe de Barajas.

  2. Cartagena was founded on 1 June 1533 by the Spanish commander, Pedro de Heredia, in the former location of the indigenous Caribbean Calamarí village. The town was named after the port city of Cartagena, in Murcia in southeast Spain, where most of Heredia's sailors had resided. [27]

  3. Cartagena, capital of Bolívar departamento, northern Colombia, at the northern end of Cartagena Bay. The old walled sections, including the 17th-century fortress of San Felipe de Barajas, lie on a peninsula and the island of Getsemaní, but the city now spreads over the islands of Manga and Manzanillo and the mainland below La Popa Hill .

  4. This article is the History of Cartagena, Colombia. Pre-Columbian era: 7000 BC1500 AD [ edit ] The Caribbean region , particularly in the area from the Sinú River delta to the Cartagena de Indias bay, appears to be the first documented human community in today's Colombia: the Puerto Hormiga Culture .

  5. Jul 11, 2018 · This post is a comprehensive and detailed look at the fascinating history of Cartagena from precolonial times to today. If you would prefer a quicker read covering the most important aspects of Cartagena’s history, then check out our Primer on the History of Cartagena.

  6. Aug 29, 2019 · The city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in part due to the excellent preservation of Cartagena’s city wall, and strolling along them is undoubtedly a must do during a visit. Besides being a historical monument, Cartagena’s walls also have their own fascinating history.

  7. Feb 27, 2018 · A town just south of Cartagena makes history. Its 1691, and San Basilio de Palenque – a small village located in the southeast of Cartagena ruled entirely by runaway African slaves – signs a Royal Decree stating the town’s independence from Spanish colonial powers.

  8. Oct 6, 2018 · The largest colonial Spanish fortification on mainland South America, the Castillo San Felipe Fortress in Cartagena, Colombia has a rich history. First built in the 17th century, the fortress fell once to the French but later successfully repelled a large English force.

  9. Sep 4, 2023 · Cartagena is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Colombia. A walk through its historic center (a UNESCO World Heritage Site) will easily explain why. Visitors will discover beautiful Spanish colonial architecture which makes for picture worthy moments.

  10. Nov 17, 2015 · One of South America’s oldest colonial cities, Cartagena was founded in 1533, its wealth built on slavery, sugar, and gold. More than seven miles (11 km) of walls and ramparts attesting to its...

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