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  1. History of Catalonia - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › History_of_Catalonia

    Catalonia was first settled during the Middle Palaeolithic era. Like the rest of the Mediterranean side of the Iberian Peninsula, the area was occupied by the Iberians and several Greek colonies were established on the coast before the Roman conquest. It was the first area of Hispania conquered by the Romans.

  2. History of Catalonia - This is Spain

    thisisspain.info › catalonia › history-of-catalonia

    Catalonia’s independent streak is also justified by more than 2,000 years of history. When the Romans came to the peninsula, more than 200 years before Christ, they divided their newly-conquered territory into two; Hispania Citerior, which roughly corresponded to modern Catalonia, and Hispania Ulterior, the rest of the peninsula.

  3. History Top Ten: Catalonia (Catalunya) and Spain

    origins.osu.edu › connecting-history › top-ten
    • The Nineteen Autonomous Regions of Spain. Spain is made up of 19 autonomous regions/cities in the Iberian Peninsula, North Africa, and the Atlantic Ocean.
    • Catalunya: A Medieval Borderland. With the fall of the Western Roman Empire and invasion of the Iberian Peninsula by the Visigoths in 460 CE, Catalunya, along with the majority of the Iberian Peninsula, experienced stability as part of the Visigoth Kingdom centered in Toledo (in present-day region Castile-La Mancha).
    • Aragon and the Corts of Catalunya. In the 12 century, when one of the kings of Aragon decided to marry a princess of the House of Barcelona, Catalunya became integrated into the kingdom of Aragon.
    • The End of Catalan Autonomy and the Beginning of Resistance. While Spain would not become a unified kingdom with one government until 1716, when a scion of the French house of Bourbon claimed the Spanish throne, the cortes faced increasing pressure from Ferdinand and Isabella’s heirs.
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  5. Catalonia—facts and information - History

    www.nationalgeographic.com › history › article

    Nov 01, 2019 · In the medieval era, Catalonia became a major sea power as part of the Crown of Aragon, and when Ferdinand I of Aragon married Queen Isabella of Castile in 1469, Catalonia became part of a unified...

  6. An Introduction to the History of Catalonia — Sincerely, Spain

    www.sincerelyspain.com › blog › 2020/6/17

    Jun 18, 2020 · It was one of the first areas that was conquered by the Romans and we can still see the impact that the coastal villages played in everyday Roman life. During this time period, Tarragona, known as Tarraco, was the main point of Roman rule in what we now know as Spain.

  7. Contemporary History of Catalonia and Spain

    ddd.uab.cat › pub › procur

    The shape of contemporary Catalonia 1. The Spanish Republic and the first modern autonomy (1931-1936) 2. Revolution and Civil War (1936-1939) 3. The establishment of the Franco regime: a long postwar period (1939-1960) 4.

  8. Catalonia - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Catalonia

    After Franco's death in 1975 and the adoption of a democratic constitution in Spain in 1978, Catalonia recovered and extended the powers that it had gained in the Statute of Autonomy of 1932 but lost with the fall of the Second Spanish Republic at the end of the Spanish Civil War in 1939.

  9. Catalonia | Geography, Points of Interest, Independence ...

    www.britannica.com › place › Catalonia

    Jun 23, 2021 · History. Catalonia was formerly a principality of the crown of Aragon, and it has played an important role in the history of the Iberian Peninsula. From the 17th century it was the centre of a separatist movement that sometimes dominated Spanish affairs. Catalonia from ancient Rome to the War of the Spanish Succession

  10. Catalonia profile - Timeline - BBC News

    www.bbc.com › news › world-europe-20345073

    May 14, 2018 · 9th century - County of Barcelona formed along with several other counties as a result of efforts by Charlemagne to establish a buffer zone between his Frankish Empire and Muslim-ruled Spain....

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