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  2. The 7 Countries Of Central America - WorldAtlas › articles › which-countries-make
    • Countries of Central America
    • Belize
    • Costa Rica
    • El Salvador
    • Guatemala
    • Honduras
    • Nicaragua
    • Panama

    Belize is found on the northeast coast of Central America, south of the Yucatán Peninsula. It is between Mexico to the north, Guatemala to the west and south, and the Caribbean Sea to the east. Belize is the only Central American country that does not have a coastline on the North Pacific Ocean. Along the country's 174-mile (280-km) coastline is the Belize Barrier Reef, the second-largest barrier reef in the world and a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site. Belize's capital city is Belmopan. The country has a total size of 8,867 square miles (22,965 square km), with more than 395,000 people. About 25 to 30% live in the former capital city of Belize City and over half of the overall population lives in rural areas. Belize has one of the most stable and democratic governments in Central America. Its dominant economic activity is services, particularly tourism. Although Belize has the third-highest per capita income in Central America, it suffers from a high-income disparity between t...

    Costa Ricais surrounded by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast, and the Pacific Ocean to the southwest. At its narrowest point, the distance between the Caribbean and Pacific is only about 75 miles. Costa Rica has the most stable and democratic government in Central America. The country has abolished its military and provided social and educational guarantees for its citizens. Costa Rica has a population of over 5 million people across 19,730 square miles (51,100 square km). The capital of San José is the largest city and is home to about one-fifth of the population. Roughly half of the country's population lives in urban areas. Costa Rica is an upper-middle-income country that has had a strong and stable economic growth since 2010. It has an established ecotourism industry due to its biodiversity. It also exports several agriculture-based products such as bananas, coffee, sugar, and beer. Costa Rica is neither rich nor poor, but its w...

    El Salvador is surrounded by Honduras to the north and east, Guatemala to the northwest, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. It is the smallest country in Central America and entirely located on the western side, making it the only Central American country without a coastline to the Caribbean Sea. El Salvador's capital city is San Salvador. Despite being the smallest country on the isthmus, it is the most densely populated, with more than 6.7 million residents across 8,124 square miles (21,040 square km) of land. El Salvador has the fourth-largest economy in Central America. It was traditionally an agricultural economy but quickly expanded in the 1960s and '70s, and the service sector now dominates the economy. El Salvador along with other Central American and Caribbean countries signed a free-trade agreement with the United States in 2004, further boosting El Salvador's export income, but it has been suffering from consistently low economic growth levels. It also has a high level o...

    Guatemala is surrounded by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Gulf of Honduras to the northeast, El Salvador to the southeast, Honduras to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. Guatemala sits along the Ring of Fire, a string of active volcanoes and earthquake epicenters on the Pacific Ocean. The capital of Guatemala is Guatemala City. The country is 42,042 square miles (108,889 square km) in size and has a population of 17.7 million people. It has the largest population in Central America. Guatemala has the largest economy in Central America, with an average growth rate of 3.5% in the last five years. Despite its stable economy, more than half of Guatemala's citizens live below the poverty line, with 23% living in extreme poverty. It has a highly unequal income distribution, with the wealthiest 20% accounting for more than half of Guatemala's consumption.

    Honduras(officially the Republic of Honduras) sits between the Caribbean Sea to the north, Nicaragua to the east and south, Guatemala and El Salvador to the west, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. It has a long Caribbean shoreline that includes the nearly uninhabited eastern Mosquito Coast. More than three-fourths of Honduras' land area is mountainous. Honduras has a total land size of 43,433 square miles (112,492 square km) and more than 9 million people. Its capital city is Tegucigalpa. Honduras' economy has historically depended on the export of bananas and coffee but has branched out to include other products such as clothing. Honduras is the second-poorest country in Central America, and the majority of its citizens work under challenging conditions. It also has an unequal distribution of income and high underemployment. However, in recent years, Honduras has had the second-highest economic growth in Central America, only second to Panama.

    Nicaragua is surrounded by Honduras to the northwest, the Caribbean Sea to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the southwest. It is the only country in Latin America that was colonized by both the Spanish and the British. Present-day Nicaragua is still recovering from civil war and continues to be dependent on foreign aid. It is the largest country in Central America, with a land size of 50,337 square miles (130,373 square km). Nicaragua is also home to the largest freshwater body in the region, Lago de Nicaragua. The capital city is Managua, and the country has more than 6.5 million inhabitants. Nicaragua is still one of Latin America's least developed countries and is the poorest country in Central America. It suffers from high unemployment rates, massive external debt, and a lack of access to basic needs. The country sustained a robust economic growth rate of 4.6% in 2017, but social and political unrest caused it to contract in 2018 and 2019.

    Panamais on the Isthmus of Panama, a narrow bridge of land connecting North America to South America. The Caribbean Sea borders Panama to the north, and the Pacific Ocean surrounds it to the south. The country is between Colombia and Costa Rica. The 51-mile-long Panama Canal, which connects the Atlantic and the Pacific Ocean, has made Panama one of the world's most strategic transportation centers. Panama's capital is Panama City. The country has over 4.2 million people spread across 29,081 square miles (75,320 square km) of land. Panama became the first Spanish colony in the Pacific in 1510. Panama has had one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. Over the past couple of years, it has had an average annual growth rate of 4.6% in the past five years. The Panama Canal has helped the country play an ongoing role in international affairs and world commerce, and the Canal's recent expansion project will strengthen Panama's future growth. Despite its strong economic performance,...

  3. Central America - Wikipedia › wiki › Central_America

    Demographics (1) Guatemala City Guatemala 5,700,000 2010 26% (2) San Salvador El Salvador 2,415,217 2009 39% (3) Managua Nicaragua 2,045,000 2012 34% (4) Tegucigalpa Honduras 1,819,000 2010 24% (5) San Pedro Sula Honduras 1,600,000 2010 21%+4 (6) Panama City Panama 1,400,000 2010 37% (7) San José

    • 521,876 km² (201,497 sq mi)
    • 47,448,336 (2016 estimate)
  4. Central America Map - Map of Central America Countries ... › webimage › countrys

    Central America maps, facts, and flags. Free maps of Central American countries including Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Panama maps. Great geography information for students.

    • John Moen
  5. Countries in Central America – › central-american-countries

    According to a political demarcation, however, Central America includes the seven independent ...

    Country Name
    Official Name
    Independence Date
    September 21, 1981
    Costa Rica
    Republic of Costa Rica
    September 15, 1821
    El Salvador
    Republic of El Salvador
    September 15, 1821
  6. List of Countries in Central America – Global Banking ... › list-of

    The following are the list of countries in Central America. There is a total of 11 countries and the list is as follows Central America Banks Belize Recommended Media Placement Opportunity With Promotions. Get 25 Articles Placed & Promoted Here is How to Get Your Press Release Distributed To 200+ Websites The Linkedin Influencer Marketing […]

  7. Central America - Countries & Regions - UCF Research Guides ... › countries › centralamerica

    Jun 07, 2021 · It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge.

  8. Countries of Central America and the Caribbean › central-america-and-caribbean

    Feb 08, 2018 · The mainland portion of the region consists of seven different countries, but 13 nations in the Caribbean are also normally counted as a part of Central America. Central America shares borders with Mexico to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the west, Colombia to the south and the Caribbean Sea to the east.

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