The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (officially, the Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Nuclear Power Plant) is a closed nuclear power plant near the abandoned city of Pripyat in northern Ukraine, 16.5 kilometers (10 mi) northwest of the city of Chernobyl, 16 kilometers (10 mi) from the Belarus–Ukraine border, and about 100 kilometers (62 mi) north of Kyiv.
Chernobyl was chosen as the site of Ukraine's first nuclear power plant in 1972, located 15 kilometres (9 mi) north of the city, which opened in 1977. Chernobyl was evacuated on 5 May 1986, 9 days after a catastrophic nuclear disaster at the plant, which was the largest nuclear disaster in history.
- Ongoing issues
The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant sarcophagus or Shelter Structure was a massive steel and concrete structure covering the nuclear reactor number 4 building of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. It was designed to limit radioactive contamination of the environment following the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, by encasing the most dangerous area and protecting it from climate exposure. It was located within a large restricted area known as the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. The original Russian name is...
The design of the sarcophagus started on 20 May 1986, 24 days after the disaster. Subsequent construction lasted for 206 days, from June to late November of the same year. The first task before construction started was to build a cooling slab under the reactor to prevent the hot nuclear fuel from burning a hole in the base. Coal miners were called up to dig the necessary tunnel below the reactor and by 24 June 1986, four hundred coal miners had dug the 168-metre long tunnel. When the building be
The present shelter is constructed on top of the ruins of the reactor building. The two "Mammoth Beams" that support the roof of the shelter rest partly on the structurally unsound west wall of the reactor building that was damaged by the accident. The western end of the shelter roof is supported by a wall at a point designated axis 50. This wall is reinforced concrete and was cracked by the accident.
On 22 December 1988, Soviet scientists announced that the sarcophagus would only last 20–30 years before requiring restorative maintenance work. In 1998, with the help of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, a conservation programme was completed that included securing the roof beams from collapsing. Nonetheless, the rain-induced corrosion of supporting beams still threatens the sarcophagus' integrity. It was revealed that the water is leaking through the sarcophagus via ...
- Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Shelter Structure
- June 1986
- November 1986
- Deteriorated; succeeded by Chernobyl New Safe Confinement
Chernobyl disaster Reactors No. 4 and No. 3 after the disaster Date 26 April 1986 ; 34 years ago (1986-04-26) Time 01:23:40 MSD (UTC+04:00) Location Chernobyl nuclear power plant, Pripyat, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union Type Nuclear and radiation accident Cause Reactor design flaws and serious breach of protocol during simulated power outage safety test Outcome INES Level 7 (major accident) see ...
The Chornobyl Nuclear Pouer Plant or Chernobyl Nuclear Pouer Station (Ukrainian: Чорнобильська атомна електростанція, Roushie: Чернобыльская АЭС) is a decommissioned nuclear pouer station near the ceety o Pripyat, Ukraine, 14.5 km (9.0 mi) northwast o the ceety o Chornobyl, 16 km (9.9 mi) frae the Ukraine–Belaroushie border, an aboot 110 km ...
The Chernobyl disaster was a nuclear disaster which occurred on April 26, 1986 at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Pripyat, Ukraine. At that time, Ukraine was part of the Soviet Union. This event was one of the worst accidents in the history of nuclear power. It was rated at level 7, the most severe level, on the International Nuclear Event ...
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The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Zone of Alienation (Ukrainian: Зона відчуження Чорнобильської АЕС, romanized: zona vidchuzhennya Chornobyl's'koyi AES, Russian: Зона отчуждения Чернобыльской АЭС, romanized: zona otchuzhdenya Chernobyl'skoy AES) is an officially designated exclusion zone around the site of the Chernobyl nuclear ...
- Clear Sky
- Call of Pripyat
The V.I. Lenin Nuclear Power Station, as it was known during the Soviet times, consisted of four reactors of type RBMK-1000, each capable of producing 1,000 megawatts (MW) of electric power (3.2 GW of thermal power), and the four together produced about 10% of Ukraine's electricity at the time of the accident. The Chernobyl station is 18 km (11 mi) northwest of the city of Chernobyl, 16 km (9.9 mi) from the border of Ukraine and Belarus and about 100 km (62 mi) north of Kiev. Construction of the plant and the nearby city of Pripyat, Ukraine to house workers and their families began in 1970, with Reactor No. 1 commissioned in 1977. It was the third nuclear power station in the Soviet Union of the RBMK-type (after Leningrad and Kursk), and the first ever nuclear power plant on Ukrainian soil. The completion of the first reactor in 1977 was followed by Reactor No. 2 (1978), No. 3 (1981), and No. 4 (1983). Two more reactors, Nos. 5 and 6, capable of producing 1,000 MW each, were under c...
In the S.T.A.L.K.E.R. series, the CNPP has a much different role. Between 1996 and 2006, a secret lab was built inside the derelict Sarcophagus in order to host the Common Consciousness project. It is from the CNPP itself that the C-Consciousness attempted to alter the Noosphereand delete negative factors to improve human condition on a global scale. In 2006, during an experiment in which the C-Con attempted to interact with the noosphere, the experiment backfired, and created a large rift in the noosphere, which led to the creation of the Zone. The Chernobyl NPP is a place of myth and is believed to be the very heart of the Zone. Following the second incident in 2006 and the emergence of the Zone as seen in the games, the power plant became inaccessible. Almost impassable obstacles such as the Brain Scorcher or the Monolith faction combined with the vivid imaginations of prospecting stalkers caused wild rumors to begin spreading about what one might find in the Chernobyl NPP. The m...
The CNPP (specifically, the outside part from Shadow of Chernobyl) returns in Clear Sky as the final level. It is where Scar and the Clear Sky faction, after fighting their way through Limansk and the Limansk Hospital, reach the center of the Zone to destroy Strelok's psi-protection and prevent him to trespass in the Sarcophagus to prevent further emissions from the C-Consciousness. When the player arrives there, a large gunfight between Clear Sky and Monolith forces is already underway. After a short conversation with Lebedev, the player is given a prototype EM1 Rifle, and tasked with disabling Strelok's psi-protection field. The player must quickly incapacitate Strelok, while moving through different locations via portals from the previous game and fighting through groups of teleporting Monolithians. This must be done quickly, as Strelok will escape into the power plant if too much time is taken. After all is said and done (or unfortunately if Strelok enters the sarcophagus), the...
Though not seen in-game, it was the target of Operation Fairway. The operation, however, failed when all Stingrayhelicopters crashed in the outskirts of the plant due to airborne anomalies.In both Shadow of Chernobyl and Clear Sky, the CNPP is erroneously located north to Pripyat. In real-life, it is located to the south-east. In Call of Pripyat, this seems to have been corrected, as...The first, front part of the CNPP is the machine hall, which in real life contained the turbines and power generators of units 3 & 4 of the plant.In Clear Sky, Khaletskiymentions that energy emissions emitted by the Chernobyl NPP are powerful enough to destroy satellites high in space.
↑ S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Clear Sky, st_dialogs_escape, string id "esc_comm_about_life_in_zone_1": "Well, I owe you, man. Let me tell you something - I know that stalkers are trying to reach the center of...
Some famous accidents at nuclear power plants were the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster in Japan, 1986 Chernobyl disaster in Ukraine, and the 1979 Three Mile Island accident in the United States. An Anti-nuclear movement in Australia opposes the making of any nuclear power plants in the country.
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