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  1. New Hampshire’s famous names include President Franklin Pierce, journalist Horace Greeley, and author Dan Brown. —Strawbery Banke in Portsmouth—the site of the state’s original settlement—has 32 historic buildings where people can watch costumed performers act out life from colonial times.

    • Jamie Kiffel-Alcheh
  2. Interesting New Hampshire Colony Facts: Captain John Mason was given a land grant from the Council for New England in 1622 which helped him to found the New Hampshire Colony. The New England Colonies, including the New Hampshire Colony, were dominated by the Puritans who refused to tolerate any religion outside their own.

  3. New Hampshire Facts. New Hampshire is a northeastern U.S. state and one of the original 13 colonies. It’s bordered by Maine, Vermont, Massachusetts, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Canadian province of Quebec. New Hampshire is the fifth smallest state in the U.S. and the 10 th least populous. It’s best known for its small,...

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  5. New Hampshire is one of the first states to hold presidential primaries. The state was named by Captain John Mason after Hampshire county in England. The motto 'Live Free or Die' comes from a statement made by General John Stark in 1809. There is literally tons of granite that comes from New Hampshire. 30,000 tons was used to build the Library ...

    • New England
    • Early Settlement
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    New Hampshire was one of the four New England Colonies, along with Massachusetts Bay, Connecticut, and Rhode Island colonies. The New England colonies were one of three groups comprising the 13 original colonies. The other two groups were the Middle Colonies and the Southern Colonies. Settlers of the New England Colonies enjoyed mild summers but endured very harsh long winters. One advantage of the cold was that it helped to limit the spread of disease, a considerable problem in the warmer climates of the Southern Colonies.

    Under the direction of Captain John Mason and his short-lived Laconia Company, two groups of settlers arrived at the mouth of the Piscataqua River and established two fishing communities, one at the mouth of the river and one eight miles upstream. David Thomson set sail for New England in 1623, with 10 others and his wife, and landed and established a plantation at the mouth of the Piscataqua, near what is Rye, called Odiorne's Point; it only lasted for a few years. About the same time, London fishmongers William and Edward Hilton set up a colony at Hilton's Point near Dover. The Hiltons obtained financial support to buy land in 1631, and by 1632, a group of 66 men and 23 women were sent out to the budding colony. Other early settlements include Thomas Warnerton's Strawberry Bank near Portsmouth and Ambrose Gibbons at Newichawannock. Fish, whales, fur, and timber were important natural resources for the New Hampshire colony. Much of the land was rocky and not flat, so agriculture wa...

    The primary Indigenous peoples living in the New Hampshire territory when the English arrived were the Pennacook and Abenaki, both Algonquin speakers. The early years of English settlement were relatively peaceful. Relations between the groups began to deteriorate in the latter half of the 1600s, largely due to leadership changes in New Hampshire. There were also major problems in Massachusetts and across New England, including King Philip's Warin 1675. During the war, English missionaries and the Indigenous peoples whom they converted to Puritan Christians combined forces against independent Indigenous peoples. The colonists and their allies prevailed overall, killing thousands of Indigenous men, women, and children over the course of multiple battles. There remained, however, no unity between colonists and their surviving Indigenous allies, and a deep resentment quickly separated them.Those Indigenous peoples who had not been killed or enslaved moved northward to locations includi...

    Control of the New Hampshire colony changed several times before the colony declared its independence. It was a Royal Province prior to 1641 when it was claimed by the Massachusetts Bay Colony and was dubbed the Upper Province of Massachusetts. In 1680, New Hampshire returned to its status as a Royal Province, but this lasted only until 1688 when it again became part of Massachusetts. New Hampshire regained independence—from Massachusetts, not from England—in 1741. At that time, the people elected Benning Wentworth as its own governor and remained under his leadership until 1766. New Hampshire sent two men to the First Continental Congress in 1774: Nathaniel Folsom and John Sullivan. Six months before the signing of the Declaration of Independence, New Hampshire became the first colony to declare its independence from England. Josiah Bartlett, William Whipple, and Matthew Thornton signed the Declaration for New Hampshire. The colony became a state in 1788.

    Daniell, Jere R. "Colonial New Hampshire: A History." University Press of New England, 1981.
    Morison, Elizabeth Forbes, and Elting E. Morison. "New Hampshire: A Bicentennial History." New York: W. W. Norton, 1976.
    Whitney, D. Quincy. "Hidden History of New Hampshire." Charleston, SC: The History Press, 2008.
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    • New England Colony Expansions
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    • New Hampshire and New York Dispute
    • Declaration of Independence Signers from New Hampshire

    Portsmouth was settled by the Laconia Company in 1629. Governor Neal was given the governorship of the colony and spent several years exploring the forests around Portsmouth. He returned after some time and gave a discouraging report and left the colony to govern themselves. Exeter was the next settlement in New Hampshire Colony. It was settled by John Wheelwright. Each of these small towns was independent but unstable. The governments were loose and there was turbulence among them. However, in 1639 the colonies agreed to unite, but Massachusetts Bay had claimed the land they were under. The New Hampshire Colony settlements came under Massachusetts Bay Colony’s jurisdiction. Once under Massachusetts Bay jurisdiction, the colony was given the freedom to manage their town affairs and permitted to send a deputy to Boston to represent them in General Court.

    New Hampshire and Massachusetts Bay had an on-again, off-again relationship with each other until finally the King of England separated them in 1741 and made it a royal province, and installed a royal governor. Unlike Massachusetts Bay, Connecticut Colony, and Rhode Island Colony, New Hampshire Colony did not grow quickly although it grew quicker than Plymouth Colony, and was the smallest of the New England Colonies. This was due to the in-fighting of the heirs of John Mason. There was dispute after dispute which discourages the growth of the colony and did not give the colony any consistency. Finally, in 1749 the Masons stopped the fighting and were satisfied with the final decision of the colony and the colony began to grow.

    New Hampshire and New Yorkdisagreed on the land near the Connecticut River. One of the governors of New Hampshire cited close to one hundred and forty townships, calling these lands the “New Hampshire Grants.” In 1765 the King of England opted to take the side of New York and the grants were then given to New York. This caused the grants already bought by the settlers to be void and New York demanded they purchase them again. These actions resulted in a rebellion. Ethan Allen and Seth Warner organized the Green Mountain Boys and fought off the New York officers. In 1777 the Green Mountain Boys said the New Hampshire grants were now independent and called them Vermont. Vermont would eventually become a state in the union after the American Revolution. The Green Mountain Boys went on to become famous for their role in the capture of Fort Ticonderoga.

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