After the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, control of Landau was ceded to France, although with certain ill-defined reservations. Landau was later part of France from 1680 to 1815, during which it was one of the Décapole, the ten free cities of Alsace, and received its modern fortifications by Louis XIV's military architect Vauban in 1688–99, making the little town (its 1789 population was ...
Colmar was first mentioned by Charlemagne in his chronicle about Saxon wars. This was the location where the Carolingian Emperor Charles the Fat held a diet in 884.  Colmar was granted the status of a free imperial city by Emperor Frederick II in 1226.
Cologne (English: / k ə ˈ l oʊ n / kə-LOHN; German: Köln (); Kölsch: Kölle ()) is the largest city of the German western state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) and the fourth-most populous city of Germany with 1.1 million inhabitants in the city proper and 3.6 million people in the urban region.
Memmingen (German: [ˈmɛmɪŋən] (); Swabian: Memmenge) is a town in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.It is the economic, educational and administrative centre of the Danube-Iller region.
Contents move to sidebar hide Début 1 Géographie Afficher / masquer la sous-section Géographie 1.1 Situation et division administrative 1.2 Climat 2 Histoire Afficher / masquer la sous-section Histoire 2.1 Dans le Saint-Empire 2.2 Période française 2.3 Période bavaroise et rattachement à l'Allemagne 3 Personnalités liées à Landau in der Pfalz 4 Galerie 5 Références 6 Voir aussi ...
Rottweil (German: [ˈʁɔtvaɪl] (); Alemannic: Rautweil) is a town in southwest Germany in the state of Baden-Württemberg.Rottweil was a free imperial city for nearly 600 years.
Schweinfurt (/ ˈ ʃ v aɪ n f ʊər t / SHVYNE-foort, German: [ˈʃvaɪnfʊɐ̯t] (); lit. ''swine ford'') is a city in the district of Lower Franconia in Bavaria, Germany. It is the administrative centre of the surrounding district of Schweinfurt and a major industrial, cultural and educational hub.