Democracy (Greek: δημοκρατία, dēmokratiā, from dēmos 'people' and kratos 'rule') is a form of government in which the people have the authority to choose their governing legislation. Who people are and how authority is shared among them are core issues for democratic theory, development and constitution.
A direct democracy can be defined as a form of government in which the people decide matters directly, with prime example the Athenian democracy. A democratic republic, is a form of government in which supreme power resides in a body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by elected officers and representatives responsible to them and ...
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Kinds of democracy. Democracy may be direct or indirect. In a direct democracy, everyone has the right to make laws together.One modern example of direct democracy is a referendum, which is the name for the kind of way to pass a law where everyone in the community votes on it.
Direct democracy. A direct democracy or pure democracy is a type of democracy where the people govern directly. It requires wide participation of citizens in politics. Athenian democracy or classical democracy refers to a direct democracy developed in ancient times in the Greek city-state of Athens.
Democracie (or democracy) is a poleetical form o govrenment in which governin pouer is derived frae the fowk, aither bi direct referendum (direct democracie) or bi means o electit representatives o the fowk (representative democracie).
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The Democracy Index is an index compiled by the Economist Intelligence Unit, a UK-based company. It intends to measure the state of democracy in 167 countries, of which 166 are sovereign states and 164 are UN member states. The index was first published in 2006, with updates for 2008, 2010 and later years. The index is based on 60 indicators grouped in five different categories, measuring pluralism, civil liberties and political culture. In addition to a numeric score and a ranking, the index ca
Full democracies are nations where civil liberties and fundamental political freedoms are not only respected but also reinforced by a political culture conducive to the thriving of democratic principles. These nations have a valid system of governmental checks and balances, an independent judiciary whose decisions are enforced, governments that function adequately, and diverse and independent media. These nations have only limited problems in democratic functioning. Flawed democracies are nation
In 2016, the United States was downgraded from a full democracy to a flawed democracy; its score, which had been declining for some years, crossed the threshold from 8.05 in 2015 to 7.98 in 2016. The report states that this was caused by a myriad of factors dating back to at least the late 1960s which have eroded Americans' trust in governmental institutions. The 2017 Democracy index registered the worst year for global democracy since 2010–11. Asia was the region with the largest decline ...
The Democracy Index has been criticised for lacking transparency and accountability beyond the numbers. To generate the index, the Economist Intelligence Unit has a scoring system in which various experts are asked to answer 60 questions and assign each reply a number, with the weighted average deciding the ranking. However, the final report does not indicate what kinds of experts, nor their number, nor whether the experts are employees of the Economist Intelligence Unit or independent scholars,
From Middle French democratie (French démocratie), from Medieval Latin democratia, from Ancient Greek δημοκρατία (dēmokratía). Surface analysis: demo- (“people”) + -cracy (“rule”)(UK) IPA(key): /dɪˈmɒkɹəsi/(US) IPA(key): /dɪˈmɑkɹəsi/
democracy (countable and uncountable, plural democracies) 1. (uncountable) Rule by the people, especially as a form of government; either directly or through elected representatives (representative democracy).quotations ▼ 1.1. 1866, J. Arthur Partridge, On Democracy, Trübner & Co., page 2: 1.1.1. And the essential value and power of Democracy consists in this,—that it combines, as far as possible, power and organization ; THE SPIRIT, MANHOOD, is at one with THE BODY, ORGANIZATION. [....] Democracyis Government by the People. 1.2. 1901, The American Historical Review, American Historical Association, page 260: 1.2.1. The period, that is, which marks the transition from absolutism or aristocracy to democracywill mark also the transition from absolutist or autocratic methods of nomination to democratic methods. 1.3. 1921, James Bryce Bryce, Modern Democracies, The Macmillan Company, page 1: 1.3.1. A century ago there was in the Old World only one tiny spot in which the working of democ...democracy in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018."democracy" in Raymond Williams, Keywords(revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 93.
Liberal democracy, also referred to as Western democracy, is a political ideology and a form of government in which representative democracy operates under the principles of classical liberalism.
Athenian democracy has had many critics, both ancient and modern. Ancient Greek critics of Athenian democracy include Thucydides the general and historian, Aristophanes the playwright, Plato the pupil of Socrates, Aristotle the pupil of Plato, and a writer known as the Old Oligarch. While modern critics are more likely to find fault with the ...