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  1. Nov 18, 2021 · 2002年12月11日, 多明尼加眾議院 ( 英语 : Chamber of Deputies of the Dominican Republic ) 通過決議,呼籲中共撤除對台灣的飛彈。 [4] 2018年5月1日,多明尼加與中華民國斷交,結束長達77年的外交關係。

  2. 5 days ago · The Dominican Republic declared war on Germany and Japan following the attack on Pearl Harbor and the Nazi declaration of war on the US. It did not directly contribute with troops, aircraft, or ships, however 112 Dominicans joined the US military and fought in the war.

  3. 6 days ago · 1916–1924: Dominican Republic Main article: United States occupation of the Dominican Republic (1916–1924) U.S. marines invaded the Dominican Republic and occupied it from 1916 to 1924, and this was preceded by US military interventions in 1903, 1904, and 1914.

    • History
    • Shareholders
    • Operations
    • Subsidiaries, Joint Ventures and Holdings
    • Controversy
    • Governance
    • Orange Foundation
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    Nationalised service

    In 1792, under the French Revolution, the first communication network was developed to enable the rapid transmission of information in a warring and unsafe country. That was the optical telegraphy network of Claude Chappe. In 1878, after the invention of the electrical telegraph and then the invention of the telephone, the French State created a Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs. Telephone Services were added to the ministry when they were nationalised in 1889. However, it was not until 1923 t...

    Creation of France Télécom

    Until 1988, France Télécom was known as the direction générale des Télécommunications, a division of the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications. It became autonomous in 1990. This was in response to a European directive, aimed at making competition mandatory in public services from 1 January 1998. The 2 July 1990 Bill changed France Télécom into an operator of public law, with Marcel Roulet the first Chairman. Since then, the company has had a separate body corporate from the State and acqu...

    'Roaring Nineties'

    In 1997, the capital of the new public company was successfully floated whereas the dot-com bubble phenomenon made the stock exchanges bullish. A second share offering occurred in 1998. France Télécom got behind in the internationalization launched by its international competitors such as Vodafone, thus, it started looking for targets at the highest speculation rate of the dot-com bubble. Moreover, its alliance with Deutsche Telekom based on a reciprocal capital contribution of 2% broke off w...

    The major shareholders of Orange as of 31 December 2015 are the state of France through Agence des participations de l'État and Banque publique d'investissement (replacing Fonds stratégique d'investissement) for 23.04%.As of mid-2013, Orange employees owned 4.81%, and the company itself owned 0.58%.


    Orange is the sole brand used in the marketing of the company's mobile offers; the Itineris, Ola and Mobicarte brands have been combined since 2001, and Mobicarte became a special prepaid calling offer. As of 31 December 2010, Orange has 150 million mobile customers worldwide, 17.9% of whom are in France. Orange France is the leading mobile telecommunications operator in France, with a market share of 45.38% as of 2 November 2009. The Orange brand name was licensed to a number of operators wh...

    Landline and Internet

    Orange took over the landline and Internet businesses of France Telecom and Wanadoo in 2006. Since then, Orange is the sole brand of France Telecom for landline and Internet services worldwide, with a few exceptions, such as Mobistar in Belgium and TPSA in Poland. Orange's triple-play broadband Internet offers are supplied through the Livebox. As of 31 December 2010, Orange has 13.7 million broadband ADSL customers worldwide, 67% of whom are in France40. The Livebox is the ADSL modem supplied...


    Beginning in 2003, Orange's strategy has centred on the acquisition, creation and diffusion of content. This starts with the creation of in 2003, later renamed Orange TV, an ADSL television access service and a video on demand service. In 2004, Orange organises a television access service for mobile phones. In 2007, Orange creates Studio 37[fr] and, in 2008, enters into a partnership with France Televisions to broadcast pre-recorded programming from the public national television a...

    Orange is a communications access provider offering customers access through multiple platforms. The four key platforms Orange operates are: 1. fixed line telephone, mainly in France and Poland. 2. broadband access. 3. mobile phone telephony. 4. most recently, IPTV, though currently only in France, Spain, and Slovakia, known as Orange TV. France Télécom merged the different internal divisions managing each platform and now all operate under the Orange brand.

    Staff suicides

    Between the beginning of January 2008 and April 2011, more than 60 France Télécom employees committed suicide, (in 2008 and the early part of 2009 there were 25 ) some leaving notes blaming stress and misery at work. In October 2009, the wave of suicides led former Deputy CEO Louis-Pierre Wenes to resign under trade union pressure, to be replaced by Stéphane Richard.Faced with repeated suicides, the company promoted Stéphane Richard to chief executive officer on 1 February 2010, while Didier...

    Access to some sites limited

    In 2011, following complaints by Internet users, Megauploadaccused Orange of not providing sufficient connectivity to its site, thus severely limiting throughput from France, an allegation Orange denied.

    Accusations of false advertising in France

    In November 2009, three users lodged a complaint against Orange for false advertising concerning its "Unlimited 3G Key" service.These customers criticised the operator for the misleading way in which this service is presented, since it isn't in fact unlimited. While it is true that there is no time limit, the user cannot download more than 1 gigabyte per month, thus limiting browsing. Unaware of this, the three plaintiffs browsed beyond plan limits and had to pay additional fees as a result.

    Overview of governance

    Governance of the Orange group is centred in its board of directors, executive committee and three committees that steer Orange's strategy: 1. Audit Committee: Created in 1997, the Audit Committee comprises three members appointed for indefinite terms by the board of directors on the recommendation of the Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility Committee. 2. Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility Committee: Created in 2010, it comprises at least three members appointed by the b...


    1. 2005: Didier Lombard 2. 2010: Stéphane Richard

    Chief executive officers

    The company is headed either by the chairman of the board of directors, whose title in that case is the chairman and chief executive officer, or by another person appointed by the board of directors and given the title of chief executive officer.

    In 1987 France Telecom established the France Telecom Foundation. On 16 January 2007, the foundation changed its name to Orange Foundation. In 1990 France Telecom Foundation received the top award for corporate philanthropy from ADMICAL. In 1995 France Telecom Foundation received the top award for solidarity from ADMICAL. The board of directors of Orange Foundation consists of representatives of Orange, independent personalities and employee representatives. Its purpose is to support projects related to health, particularly autism; education, particularly schooling for girls in developing countries; and culture, particularly group vocal music. Projects supported by Orange Foundation are chosen by committees of experts devoted to each major theme. The Foundation has been involved in 300 to 400 projects per year since 1987.The Foundation works with international NGOs and local associations involved in long-term projects in countries in which Orange is based for better follow-up of the...

    From 2000 to 2002, Orange was a major sponsor of Leafield-based Formula One team Arrows. Orange was the sponsor for UEFA Euro 2012 and UEFA Euro 2016. The company was the official jersey sponsor of the national basketball teams of the Central African Republic and Senegal at the 2015 FIBA Africa Championship. Since October 2017, Orange is the new kit sponsor of the French soccer team of Olympique de Marseillefor the seasons 2017/2018 until 2018/2019. The company became a sponsor of esports organization Team Vitalityin 2018.

    • 1 January 1988; 33 years ago (as France Télécom)
    • €42.238 billion (2019)
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  5. Nov 12, 2021 · Dominican Republic is the second largest and most diverse Caribbean country, situated just two hours south of Miami, less than four hours from New York and eight hours from most European cities. Known for our warm and hospitable people, Dominican Republic is a destination like no other, featuring astounding nature, intriguing history and rich culture.

  6. Nov 11, 2021 · The Dominican Republic was another nation that suffered great destruction in August. Turkey , Peru , and Turkmenistan all saw earthquakes causing many deaths. In general, 1946 was a busy year, with 21 events measuring above 7.0 and three exceeding a magnitude of 8.0.

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