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Vitale , 370 U.S. 421 (1962) School-sponsored prayer in public schools is unconstitutional. Facts A New York State law required public schools to open each day with the Pledge of Allegiance and a nondenominational prayer in which the students recognized their dependence upon God.
Mar 27, 2017 · Vitale was the head of the Board of Education of Union Free School District No. 9 in New York. He directed each teacher to start off each school day with a prayer. As a response, Engel filed suit in state court claiming the prayer requirement violated the First Amendment’s Establishment Clause. Procedural History:
Engel v. Vitale, 370 U.S. 421 (1962), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court ruled that it is unconstitutional for state officials to compose an official school prayer and encourage its recitation in public schools, due to violation of the First Amendment.  The ruling has been the subject of intense debate.
- Steven I. Engel, et al. v. William J. Vitale, Jr., et al.'
- Black, joined by Warren, Douglas, Clark, Harlan, Brennan
Back to all Court Cases Supreme Court Case Engel v. Vitale (1962) 370 U.S. 421 (1962) Justice Vote: 6-1 • Majority: Black (author), Warren, Douglas (concurrence), Clark, Harlan, and Brennan • Dissent: Stewart (author) • Frankfurter and White took no part in the case. More in The Constitution Share
Synopsis of Rule of Law. Mandating the recitation of a prayer at the beginning of a public school day is a violation of the Establishment Clause. Facts. The Board of Education of Union Free School in New Hyde Park, New York directed the school’s principal to have a prayer read aloud by each class, every morning, in the presence of a teacher.