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Facts about Russia. Official Name: Russian Federation. Form of Government: Federation. Capital: Moscow. Population : 144, 125, 000. Official Language: Russian. Money: Ruble. Area: 17, 075, 200 square kilometres. Major Mountain ranges: Ural, Altay.
Russian Federation. The Russian Federation has almost exclusively developed preferential trade relations with the countries of the Union of Independent States. In two waves in 1998 and 2005, as part of negotiations on other economic issues, The EU began talks with Moscow that could be considered as attempts to establish a free trade zone, but the practical steps did not follow.
Russia extends across eleven time zones, and has the most borders of any country in the world, with sixteen sovereign nations. It has a population of 146.2 million; and is the most populous country in Europe, and the ninth-most populous country in the world.
- Ethnic Groups
Ethnic groups of Russia are the largest in the world because of it a multi-national state with multicultural people. Over 185 Ethnic groups were declared as nationalities of the Russian Federation. The population of these ethnic groups is highly varied from million to thousand.
The Russian Federation is the largest country in the world by the total land area of 17.1 million square kilometers. Russia’s largest capital city is Moscow. Russia has its coastline along the Pacific Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Baltic Sea, Black Sea, Sea of Azov and the Caspian Sea. Russia is home to more than thousands of rivers, and it ranks second for renewable water resources. The mountain ranges are largely seen on the southern borders.
In 2018, the population of the Russian Federation was 144,478,050, and it was estimated to reach 146 million in 2020. The Population of Russia is the largest in Europe and is the ninth-largest in the world. Moscow ranks second for the highly populated city in Europe. The life expectancy of both males and females at birth was 73 years. The population density of Russia in 2018 was 8.5 people per square kilometer.
Russian Orthodoxy is the de facto national religion. From the 10th century onwards, orthodox Christianity was followed by Russians. The Orthodox Church history says that Saint Andrew, who was the first Apostle of Jesus, brought Christianity to Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine territories. Excluding Orthodox Christianity, other forms of Christian groups are also living in the country. Read Also : Australia Country Profile Facts
Recognized traditional religions of Russia are Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, and Paganism, which also signifies the “historical heritage” of the country. According to 2012 Global Religious Landscape survey, Christianity (73.3%), Islam (10%), Buddhism (0.1%), Folk religion (0.2%), Judaism (0.2%) and non religious (16.2%). In between 185 ethnic groups, Russianis the only official language. More than 150 million people speak Russian in the country. Other than Russian, there are nearly 100 languages speak by ethnic groups of the country.
Russia’s upper-middle-income economy is the fifth-largest in Europe. Its natural resources and natural reserves are the largest in the world. The oil reserves, natural gas reserves, and mineral reserves are mostly found in Russia and are the largest in the world. It is the leading producer and exporter of oil and natural gas. Russia is the most powerful country in Europe with high military powers. As Russia is holding a large number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, it became a popular tourist destination. In 2018, it had the GDP (nominal) of$1.658 trillion, and it shows a 2.3% annual growth. The Human Development Index (HDI) value of 0.824 in 2018 shows very high development in the human category.
Russian Federation — Key Geographical DataCapital — Moscow ------------Russia is located in the eastern part ofEurope and in the northern part of AsiaTotal area — 17,098.2 thousand km2 (... as of1 January 2010 agricultural acreage amounted to 13% of the total area, forests — 51%, surface waters (including marsh) — 13%);Population as of 1 January 2012 – 143,030.1 thousand people.